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Capleton
Informação geral
Nome completo Clifton George Bailey III
Nascimento 13 de abril de 1967 (52 anos)
Origem Jamaica
País  Jamaica
Gênero(s) Reggae, Dancehall
Instrumento(s) Vocal
Período em atividade atualmente

Capleton, batizado como Clifton George Bailey III (13 de abril de 1967)[1] é um cantor jamaicano de reggae e dancehall. Também conhecido como Rei Xangô, Rei Davi, e Profeta. Produtor e dono da gravadora Davi Casa de Produções. Ele é conhecido devido ter adicionar opiniões sobre o movimento Rastafari em suas canções.

Índice

BiografiaEditar

Bailey nasceu em 1967 na cidade de Islington, em santa Maria.[2] Quando jovem recebeu o apelido Capleton, nome de um famoso de santa Maria.[3] Capleton rejeita o nome de batismo, devido a origem europeia. Preferindo Rei Xangô, devido suas raízes yoruba.[4]

Quando adolescente, saiu de casa para locais de dancehall. Saindo de santa Maria para Kingston, com a idade de 18 anos para trabalhar na carreira de deejay de dancehall.[5]

CarreiraEditar

 
Capleton em concerto, de 2006, na Alemanha

Em 1989, teve a primeira grande apresentação internacional. Stewart-Brown, proprietário de Toronto baseado no som Estrelas Africanas, no Canadá dividindo o palco com Ninjaman e Flourgon.

Quando Capleton apareceu em cena no final da década de 1980, o slackness e o poder da palavra foram dominantes nas letras de dancehall. O pré-Rasta Capleton teve uma série de canções de sucesso de Bumbo Red, Number One (Número Um) Look Good Chart e No Lotion Man.

Em 1992, Alms House (as Esmolas de Casa) foi a música que lhe trouxe reconhecimento no dancehall. Seguido por Music is a Mission (Música é uma Missão) e Tour. Em 1993, cantou músicas cada vez mais conscientes, tais como Prophet e Cold Blooded Murderer (Assassino com Sangue Frio).

Tunes such as "Tour" and "Wings of the Morning" earned him a deal with Russell Simmons' Def Jam Recordings,[6] which culminated in the Prophecy and I-Testament albums of the mid-1990s.

Em 1999, Capleton foi anuciado no Reggae Sumfest's dancehall.[7] O desempenho, o que levou a uma posterior headliner colocação no ano seguinte, é creditado com a "re-bussing", ou a criação de um retorno para sua carreira.[8] O período de 1999-2000 provocou uma seqüência de hits, muitos dos quais podem ser encontradas no álbum More Fire (Mais Fogo).[9]

By 2004, some argued the quality of Capleton's music had been downgraded by over-proliferation on numerous riddims, while Capleton himself argued his continued recording over both dancehall and roots reggae riddims created balance in his musical output.[10] Nonetheless, he scored hit singles over one of the most popular riddims of 2004,[11] "That Day Will Come" over the Hard Times riddim.

After a hiatus from the label, Capleton returned to VP Records in 2010 with the release of I-Ternal Fire.[12]

After headlining a U.S. tour which included Romain Virgo, Munga Honorable, and Kulcha Knox in the fall of 2010, Capleton embarked upon a tour of the African continent for late 2010 and early 2011. Stops included Gambia, Senegal, South Africa and multiple dates in Zimbabwe.[13] In December 2012 the music Unite Cape Town International Reggae Festival saw Capleton, reggae and dancehall artists like Black Dillinger, Blak Kalamawi .[14]

Capleton's annual 'A St Mary Mi Come From' live show has raised funds for several charities since it was first staged in 2000, including local schools and hospitals.

Religious viewsEditar

Capleton makes reference to Bobo Ashanti, one of the various mansions of the Rastafari movement.[15] Yet he frequently mentions there's no separation between the mansions of Rastafari as he sees it. He stated in an interview on TraceTV that he doesn't eat meat of any kind, consume dairy in any form, or even eat anything from soya. "Not an ordinary vegetarian..." he stated, "I'm vegan." He also touches on the subject of his lyrics regarding fire, saying they are metaphoric references of purification, not violence or murder.[16]

CriticismsEditar

Capleton has faced criticism for anti-gay lyrics in some of his songs though homosexuality remains illegal in his native Jamaica.[17] His manager has argued that some of the controversial lyrics have been mistranslated and do not actually refer to gays. Capleton himself has admitted that through his Rastafari faith he believes that a homosexual lifestyle is not right, but has insisted that terms such as "burn" and "fire" are not to be understood in the literal sense "to go out and burn and kill people", but as a metaphor for "purification" and cleansing.[18] As part of an agreement to end the Stop Murder Music campaign, Capleton and other artists allegedly signed the Reggae Compassionate Act (RCA) in 2007.[19][20]

However, Capleton has continued to sing songs that some claim violate the RCA, causing the cancellation of a concert in Switzerland in 2008 and a United States tour in 2010,[21][22]

DiscografiaEditar

A discografia de Capleton:[23]

  • Lotion Man (1991);
  • Alms House (1993);
  • Good So (1994);
  • Gold (2000);
  • Final Assassin (2000);
  • Hit Wit Da 44 Rounds (2007);
  • Liberation Time (featured with AZAD) (2009);
  • I-Ternal Fire (2010).


Referências

  1. Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 67–69
  2. Walters, Basil (2012) "Capleton lauded for charity work", Jamaica Observer, 20 July 2012, retrieved 29 July 2012
  3. Capleton interview. ChicagoReggae.com. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  4. Barrow, Musa. Art and Music: Interview With Jamaican Reggae Star, Capleton Arquivado em 21 de julho de 2011[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine.. Foroyaa Online. 4 June 2008.
  5. "Capleton." Contemporary Musicians. Ed. Leigh Ann DeRemer. Vol. 40. Gale Cengage, 2003. eNotes.com. 2006. Retrieved 2011-4-15. [1]
  6. Campbell, Howard. Capleton Finds His Way Back To VP. VPRecords.com. 30 June 2010.
  7. Summer Fest ‘99 – Dancehall Nights Arquivado em 15 de julho de 2011[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine.. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  8. Reggae Sumfest 2000 Arquivado em 15 de julho de 2011[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine.. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  9. Huey, Steve. Capleton biography. allmusic. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  10. Smith, Germaine. REIGN OF FIRE – Capleton still blazes Arquivado em 12 de maio de 2009[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine.. Jamaica Star. 7 May 2004.
  11. Drop Leaf album review. Reggae Vibes Productions. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  12. Campbell, Howard. Capleton finds his way back to VP. Jamaica Gleaner. 30 June 2010.
  13. Warming the stage for Capleton Arquivado em 27 de novembro de 2010[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine.. The Standard (Zimbabwe). 21 November 2010.
  14. «Capleton Headlines The Music Unite Capetown International Reggae Fest (Dec 8-9 South Africa)» 
  15. Park, Esther. Bob Marley Movement Caribbean Festival 2010: Interview With Capleton. Miami New Times. 25 February 2010.
  16. Mbiriyamveka, Jonathan. Capleton Show Organisers Hunt Ghetto Rappers. The Herald (Zimbabwe). 18 October 2010.
  17. "Gay in JA: What's it like to be gay in a society where it's illegal to practice your sexuality?", BBC. First aired 2008, updated Tuesday 16 June 2009. (Only regionally available)
  18. Savage, Shannon (6 October 2004)"Dancehall music silenced" Arquivado em 1 de janeiro de 2009[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine., The Orion (student newspaper of CSU Chico) – Entertainment. Updated 11 May 2009.
  19. LOGOonline.com: NewNowNext Blog: Reggae Stars Sign On To Cut Out Homophobic Lyrics Arquivado em 14 de julho de 2011[Erro data trocada] no Wayback Machine.
  20. Reggae Stars Renounce Homophobia, Condemn Anti-gay Violence – Towleroad, More than gay news for more gay men
  21. http://calcoastnews.com/2010/02/hate-singer-capleton-cancels-u-s-tour/
  22. "Capleton Concert cancelled in Basel, Switzerland", Another Green World. Thursday, 6 November 2008.
  23. http://www.unitedreggae.com/news/n583/032510/capleton-unleashes-his-i-ternal-fire
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