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[[Ficheiro:Freddie Hubbard 1976.jpg|thumb|right|Freddie Hubbard]]
'''Frederick Dewayne Hubbard''' ([[7 de abrilIndianápolis]] de, [[1938Indiana]], [[Indianápolis7 de abril]], de [[Indiana1938]]) é um [[trompete|trompetista]] de [[jazz]] [[Estados Unidos da América|estadunidense]].
Na juventude, Hubbard associou-se a vários músicos em Indianápolis, dentre eles [[Wes Montgomery]] e seus irmãos. [[Chet Baker]] foi uma de suas primeiras influências, embora Hubbard tenha logo se alinhado à abordagem de [[Clifford Brown]] (e, claramente, [[Fats Navarro]] e [[Dizzy Gillespie]]).
Hubbard ingressou mais seriamente no jazz após mudar-se para [[Nova Iorque]] em 1958. Ali, trabalhou com [[Sonny Rollins]], [[Slide Hampton]], [[J. J. Johnson]], [[Bill Evans]], [[Philly Joe Jones]], [[Oliver Nelson]] e [[Quincy Jones]], além de outros. Tornou-se conhecido ao He gained attention while playing with the seminal [[hard bop]] ensemble [[Art Blakey]] and the [[Jazz Messengers]], appearing on such albums as ''Mosaic'', ''Buhaina's Delight'', and ''Free For All''. He left the Messengers in 1964 to lead his own groups and since that time has maintained a high profile as a bandleader or featured as a special guest, but never merely a sideman.
== Discografia (seleção) ==
Along with two other trumpeters also born in 1938, [[Lee Morgan]] (d. 1972) and [[Booker Little]] (d. 1961), Hubbard exerted a strong force on the direction of 1960s jazz. He recorded extensively for [[Blue Note Records]]: eight albums as a bandleader, and twenty-eight as a sideman. [http://www.danmillerjazz.com/hubbard.html] Most of these recordings are regarded as classics. Hubbard can be heard as a sideman on such classic albums such as ''[[Speak No Evil]]'' by [[Wayne Shorter]] and ''[[Maiden Voyage]]'' by [[Herbie Hancock]]. Hubbard appeared on a few early [[avant-garde]] landmarks (Ornette Coleman's ''[[Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation|Free Jazz]]'', [[Eric Dolphy]]'s ''[[Out to Lunch (album)|Out to Lunch]]'' and [[John Coltrane]]'s ''[[Ascension (album)|Ascension]]''), but Hubbard never fully embraced free jazz, though it has influenced his playing.
'''Como ''Leader'''''
After leaving Blue Note, Hubbard recorded for the Atlantic label and moved toward a more commercial style. His next label was [[CTI Records]] where he recorded his best-known works, ''Red Clay'', ''First Light'', and ''Sky Dive''. By 1970, his fiery, melodic improvisation and phenomenal technique established him as perhaps the leading trumpeter of his day, but a series of commercially oriented [[smooth jazz]] albums gave rise to some negative criticism, and his emotional instability on the bandstand became a problem. (A famous recording of Hubbard playing with Blakey in Europe features the trumpeter shouting at the audience, cursing, weeping, and leaving the stage.) After signing with [[Columbia Records]], Hubbard's albums were almost exclusively in a commercial vein. However, in 1976, Hubbard toured and recorded with V.S.O.P., led by [[Herbie Hancock]] which presented jazz in the style of the 1960s Miles Davis Quintet (with Hubbard taking the place of Davis).
* 1960 - ''Open Sesame'' (Blue Note)
1980s projects moved between straight-ahead and commercial styles, and Hubbard recorded for several different labels including Sweet Return by [[Joan Cartwright]] on Atlantic, Pablo, Fantasy, Elektra/Musician, and the revived Blue Note label. The slightly younger [[Woody Shaw]] was Hubbard's main jazz competitor during the 1970s and 1980s, and the two eventually recorded together on three occasions. Hubbard participated in the short-lived Griffith Park Collective, which also included [[Joe Henderson]], [[Chick Corea]], [[Stanley Clarke]], and [[Lenny White]].
* 1961 - ''Goin’ Up'' (Blue Note)
* 1961 - ''Hub Cap'' (Blue Note)
* 1961 - ''Minor Mishap'' (Black Lion)
* 1962 - ''Hub-Tones'' (Blue Note) (com [[Jimmy Spaulding]])
* 1962 - ''The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard'' (Impulse)
* 1963 - ''The Body And The Soul'' (Impulse)
* 1964 - ''Breaking Point'' (1964Blue Note)
* 1965 - ''The Night Of The Cookers'' (Blue Note)
* 1966 - ''Backlash'' (Atlantic)
* 1970 - ''Red Clay'' (CTI) (com [[Herbie Hancock]], [[Joe Henderson]])
* 1970 - ''Straight Life'' (CTI)
* 1971 - ''First Light'' (CTI) (com [[Ron Carter]], [[George Benson]], [[Airto Moreira]], [[Jack DeJohnette]], [[Hubert Laws]])
* 1971 - ''Sing Me a Song of Songmy'' (Rhino/Wea UK)
* 1972 - ''Sky Dive'' (CTI)
* 1973 - ''In Concert''; ''Keep Your Soul Together'' (CTI)
* 1978 - ''Super Blue'' (Columbia)
* 1981 - ''Outpost'' (enja)
* 1981 - ''Keystone Bop: Sunday Night'' / ''Friday And Saturday'' (Prestige)
* 1985 - ''The Freddie Hubbard / Woody Shaw Sessions'' (Blue Note)
* 1988 - ''Feel The Wind'' (Timeless)
* 1989 - ''Topsy'' (Enja)
* 1990 - ''Bolivia/Limelight'' (Limelight)
* 1991 - ''Live In Warzaw 1991'' (Jazzmen)
* 1991 - ''Live At Fat Tuesdays'' (Limelight)
* 2001 - ''New Colors'' (Hip Bop)
* 2008 - ''On the Real Side'' (Times Square)
'''Como ''Sideman'''''
Following a long setback of health problems and a serious lip injury in 1992, Hubbard is again playing and recording occasionally, but not at the high level that he set for himself during his earlier career.
* Ornette Coleman ''Free Jazz'' 1960
==Selected discography==
* ''[[Goin'Tina UpBrooks]] (Freddie Hubbard album) | Goin''True Up]]Blue'' (1960)
* [[Dexter Gordon]] ''Doin Alright'' 1961
* ''[[Ready for Freddie (Freddie Hubbard album) | Ready for Freddie]]'' (1961)
* [[Art Blakey]]: ''Mosaic'' 1961
* ''[[Hub-Tones (Freddie Hubbard album) | Hub-Tones]]'' (1962)
* Eric Dolphy ''Here toOutward Staybound'' (1962)1960
* Eric Dolphy ''Out to lunch'' 1964
* ''[[The Body and The Soul (Freddie Hubbard album)| The Body and Soul]]'' (1963)
* Herbie Hancock ''Takin off'', Bluenote 1962 (álbum debut de Hancock)
* ''Breaking Point'' (1964)
* Herbie Hancock ''Empyrean Isles'' 1964
* ''[[Blue Spirits (Freddie Hubbard album)|Blue Spirits]]'' (1966)
* Herbie Hancock ''[[Maiden Voyage]]'' 1965
* ''[[Backlash (Freddie Hubbard album) | Backlash]]'' (1966)
* [[Bobby Hutcherson]]: ''Dialogue'' 1965
* ''[[Red Clay (Freddie Hubbard album)|Red Clay]]'' (1970)
* John Coltrane ''[[Africa/Brass]] 1961, [[Ascension]]'' 1965
* ''[[Straight Life (Freddie Hubbard album)| Straight Life]]'' (1970)
* Oliver Nelson ''Blues and the abstract truth'' 1961
* ''[[First Light (Freddie Hubbard album)| First Light]]'' (1971)
* com [[Wayne Shorter]], Herbie Hancock, [[Tony Williams]], [[Ron Carter]] ''[[V.S.O.P. (Album)|V.S.O.P]]'', 1977
* ''[[Sky Dive (Freddie Hubbard album) |Sky Dive]]'' (1972)
* ''[[Windjammer (Freddie Hubbard album) |Windjammer]]'' (1976)
* ''[[Bundle of Joy (Freddie Hubbard album) |Bundle of Joy]]'' (1977)
* ''[[Super Blue (Freddie Hubbard album) |Super Blue]]'' (1978)
* ''[[The Love Connection (Freddie Hubbard album) |The Love Connection]]'' (1979)
* ''Keystone Bop''/''A Little Night Music''/''Classics'' (1981)
* ''[[Sweet Return (Freddie Hubbard album)|Sweet Return]]'' (1985)
* ''[[Double Take (Freddie Hubbard album)|Double Take]]'' (with Woody Shaw) (1985)
* ''[[The Eternal Triangle (Freddie Hubbard album) |The Eternal Triangle]]'' (with Woody Shaw) (1987)
{{DEFAULTSORT:Hubbard, Freddie}}
[[Categoria:Trompetistas de jazz]]
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