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Historically, there was much heavy industry in the century or so following the Victorian engineering triumphs of the Forth and Tay rail bridges, The Fife coalfields were developed around [[Kirkcaldy]] and the west of Fife reaching far out under the Firth of Forth. Shipbuilding was famous at [[Methil]] and [[Rosyth]]. The world centre for linoleum production was in Kirkcaldy (where it is still produced), and flax grown in Fife was transformed into linen locally too. [[Post-war]] Fife saw the development of Scotland's second [[New town#United Kingdom|new town]], [[Glenrothes]]. Originally to be based around a coal mine the town eventually attracted a high number of modern [[Silicon Glen]] companies to the region. Fife Council also centered their operations in Glenrothes.
 
There are many notable historical buildings to be seen in Fife, some of which are managed by the National Trust for Scotland or Heritage Scotland. They include Dunfermline abbey (last resting place of Scottish Royalty), the Palace in Culross, Ravenscraig Castle in Kirkcaldy, Dysart Harbour area, Balgonie Castle near Coaltown of Balgonie, Falkland Palace (hunting palace of the Scottish Kings), Kellie Castle near Pittenweem, Hill of Tarvit (a historical house), St Andrews Castle (with a gruesome bottle dungeon), St Andrews Cathedral and St Rules' Tower. -->
 
==Geography==
[[Ficheiro:Fife Scotland.JPG|thumb|300px|Fife, no centro do mapa.]]
Fife é uma [[península]] na [[costa (geografia)|costa]] oriental da Escócia, limitada a note pelo [[Firth of Tay]], a leste pelo [[Mar do Norte]] e a sul pelo [[Firth of Forth]].
 
FifeA ismaioria ado [[peninsula]]tráfico in eastern Scotland bordered on the north by the [[Firth of Tay]], on the east by the [[North Sea]] and the [[Firth of Forth]] to the south. The route to the west is partially blocked by the mass of the [[Ochil Hills]]. Almost all traffic into and out ofde Fife has to pass over onepassa ofpor threetrês bridgespontes, southao onsul Thepela [[Forth Road Bridge]], westa onoeste thepela [[Kincardine Bridge]] ore north easta vianorte Thepela [[Tay Road Bridge]], thea exceptionexceção beingé traffico headedtráfico northque onpassa thepela rodovia M90. [[M90 motorway|M90Pedágio]]. Tollss wereforam abolishedabolidos ondas thepontes ''Tay Road Bridge'' ande ''Forth Road Bridge'' onem [[11 Februaryde fevereiro]] de [[2008]].
 
Há uma série de formações vulcânicas extintas, como a que deu origem ao monte 'Lomond Hills' e ao 'Largo Law'.
There are a number of extinct [[volcanic]] features, such as the [[Lomond Hills]] which rise above rolling farmland, and [[Largo Law]], a [[volcanic plug]] in the east. At 522 m (or 1713 feet), the [[West Lomond]] is the highest point in Fife. The coast has many fine but small harbours, from the industrial docks in [[Burntisland]] and [[Rosyth]] to the fishing villages of the [[East Neuk]] such as [[Anstruther]] and [[Pittenweem]]. The large area of flat land to the north of the Lomond Hills, through which the [[River Eden, Fife|River Eden]] flows, is known as the [[Howe of Fife]].
[[Image:Northeast Fife.jpg|250px|right|thumb|Looking across the farmland of North East Fife to the distant [[Lomond Hills]]]]
North of the Lomond Hills can be found many villages and small towns in a primarily agricultural landscape. The areas in the south and west of Fife, including the towns of [[Dunfermline]], [[Glenrothes]], [[Kirkcaldy]] and the [[Levenmouth]] region are much more lightly industrial and densely populated. The only area which could claim to be heavy industry is that of [[Rosyth]], around the naval dockyard.
 
O ponto mais alto de Fife esta no [[West Lomond]] a 522m. O litoral tem muitos portos, do [[dock]] industrial em [[Burntisland]] e [[Rosyth]] à vila de pescadores em [[East Neuk]]
The east corner of Fife, generally that east of a line between [[Leven, Fife|Leven]] and [[St Andrews]] is recognised throughout Scotland as the "East Neuk" (or corner) of Fife, small settlements around sheltered harbours, with distinctive vernacular "Dutch" or craw(crow)stepped gabled and stone-built architecture - an area much sought after as second homes of the [[Edinburgh]] professional classes in the 30 years since the Forth Road Bridge was built. The [[Fishing industry in Scotland|fishing industry]] on which the East Neuk settlements were built has declined in recent years with the main fishing fleet now operating from Pittenweem and the harbour in Anstruther being used as a marina for pleasure craft. -->
 
A grande área plana cultivável no extremo norte de Fife, banhada pelo [[Rio Eden (Fife)|Rio Eden]], é conhecida como 'Howe of Fife'.
 
[[Image:Northeast Fife.jpg|250px|right|thumb|LookingVista acrossdas thefazendas farmlandno ofextremo Northnorte Eastde Fife toàs thedistântes distant [['Lomond Hills]]'.]]
 
Ao norte de 'Lomond Hills' são encontradas muitas aldeias e pequenas cidades onde predomina a paisagem agrícola. As áreas do sul e do oeste, incluindo as cidades de [[Dunfermline]], [[Glenrothes]], [[Kirkcaldy]] e [[Levenmouth]], são mais industrializadas e de maior densidade populacional. A única área com [[indústria pesada]] é [[Rosyth]], em volta do [[estaleiro]] naval
 
==Mídia==
Vários jornais são publicados para a audiência de Fife<ref>[http://www.wrx.zen.co.uk/scotland.htm All Newspapers in Scotland. Press and Portals. News online. Media Caledonia]</ref>.
 
Dentre os jornais locais publicados em Fife estão:
 
* East Fife Mail
* Fife Herald
* Fife Herald and Post
* Glenrothes Gazette
* St Andrews Citizen
* Fife Leader
* Fife Free Press
* Dunfermline Press
 
Há também uma rádio local, ''Kingdom FM'', que compete com a rádio de [[Dundee]], ''Radio Tay'', e com a rádio de [[Edimburgo]], ''97.3 Forth One''.
 
==Cidades e aldeias==
* [[KT Tunstall]], cantora
* [[James Wilson]], dignatário da independência dos Estados Unidos.
 
==Mídia==
Vários jornais são publicados para a audiência de Fife<ref>[http://www.wrx.zen.co.uk/scotland.htm All Newspapers in Scotland. Press and Portals. News online. Media Caledonia]</ref>.
 
Dentre os jornais locais publicados em Fife estão:
 
* East Fife Mail
* Fife Herald
* Fife Herald and Post
* Glenrothes Gazette
* St Andrews Citizen
* Fife Leader
* Fife Free Press
* Dunfermline Press
 
Há também uma rádio local, ''Kingdom FM'', que compete com a rádio de [[Dundee]], ''Radio Tay'', e com a rádio de [[Edimburgo]], ''97.3 Forth One''.
 
{{refsection}}
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