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Helm's Deep
'''Greyfriars Bobby''' foi um cachorro da raça [[Skye Terrier]], que ficou conhecido em [[Edimburgo]], [[Escócia]], no século XIX por ter passado 14 anos guardando o túmulo de seu dono, até sua própria morte em [[14 de Janeiro]] de [[1872]].
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This book-related article describes an aspect of the book in a primarily in-universe style. Please help rewrite it to explain the fiction more clearly and provide non-fictional perspective.
Helm's Deep
Place from J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium
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Description Fortress of Rohan
Location Rohan
Founder Gondor
Lord Kings of Gondor
later Marshal of the West-Mark
In J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth fantasy writings, Helm's Deep was a large valley in the north-western Ered Nimrais (White Mountains).
 
The valley was blocked over its entire width by the natural series of hills called Helm's Dike and behind that lay the fortress of Aglarond or the Hornburg, at the entrance to the Glittering Caves.
Um ano após a morte do cachorro, Lady Burdett-Coutts mandou erguerem uma fonte e uma estátua em sua homenagem. Muitos filmes e livros foram baseados na vida de Bobby, incluindo ''Greyfriars Bobby'', de Eleanor Atkinson e os filmes ''Greyfriars Bobby'' (1961, Walt Disney Productions) e ''The Adventures of Greyfriars Bobby'' (2006).
 
Originally the valley was home to a small Gondorian regiment, but after Calenardhon became Rohan it became an encampment of the Rohirrim, where the guards of the Fords of Isen lived.
==História==
Bobby pertencia a John Gray, que trabalhava para a Polícia Civil de Edimburgo, como vigilante noturno, e os dois foram inseparáveis por aproximadamente dois anos. Em [[15 de Fevereiro]] de [[1858]], Gray morreu de [[tuberculose]]. Foi enterrado em Greyfriars Kirkyard, o cemitério que rodeava Greyfriars Kirk, uma igreja na Velha Edimburgo. Diz-se que Bobby, depois da morte do dono, passou catorze anos ao lado de seu túmulo, até sua morte. Uma outra versão mais realista diz que ele passava a maior parte do tempo ao túmulo de Gray, deixando-o apenas para comer no restaurante ao lado do cemitério, e possivelmente passava os invernos mais rigorosos em casas próximas.
 
During the war with the Dunlendings under Wulf, the Rohirrim under King Helm Hammerhand and many of his people sought refuge in the keep, where they held out during the winter of T.A. 2758–2759.
Em [[1867]], quando foi dito que um tal cachorro sem dono deveria ser sacrificado, Sir William Chambers, importante autoridade de Edimburgo e também diretor de uma sociedade contra a crueldade em animais, pagou pela renovação da licensa de Bobby, colocando-o sob responsabilidade da Câmara Municipal.
 
A long causeway wound up to the great gate of the fortress itself. Inside the keep there were stables and an armoury, as well as a great hall in the rear which was dug out of the mountainside. There also was a great tower (the Hornburg) the top of which consisted of the great horn of Helm Hammerhand. The Deep which stood next to the fortress was barred by the long Deeping Wall, which consisted of solid rock except for a small culvert which allowed water from the Deeping Stream to enter; this rendered a fresh supply in sieges of great length. The Deeping Wall itself stood 20 feet tall; it was wide enough for four men to stand side by side. Access to the fortress from within the Deep was made possible by a long stair which led to the Hornburg's rear gate.
Bobby morreu em 1872, e não pôde ser enterrado dentro do cemitério, já que era um lugar consagrado, por isso foi enterrado perto do portão do cemitério Greyfriars Kirkyard, não muito longe do túmulo de Gray.
 
During the War of the Ring the fortress guarding Helm's Deep again became the refuge of some of the Rohirrim, now under King Théoden, and the Battle of the Hornburg was fought there.
==In memoriam==
O busto de Greyfriars Bobby fica no cemitério Greyfriars Kirkyard, em [[Edimburgo]]. Hoje, uma pequena estátua fica em frente ao pub Grayfriars Bobby, próximo ao cemitério também. A estátua originalmente estava voltada para o cemitério e o pub, mas foi virada (por alguém do pub) para que quando fossem tiradas fotografias, o pub aparecesse em segundo plano.
 
It was said in a myth that Helm's Deep would never fall while men defended it. No enemy had ever breached the Deeping wall, or set foot inside the Hornburg, but in the year T.A. 3019, during the War of the Ring, Saruman's army of Uruk-hai managed to almost overwhelm the defences of the Rohirrim. This was achieved by the orcs using an explosive blast of fire within the culvert which when detonated, destroyed the main defences. The origin of this explosion is unclear and Tolkien denotes it as "Saruman's devilry." In Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings film trilogy this weapon is depicted as gunpowder.
Um monolito de granito vermelho foi erguido junto ao túmulo de Bobby por ''The Dog Aid Society of Scotland'', e nela podem ser lidas as seguintes inscrições: ''Greyfriars Bobby - morreu em 14 de Janeiro de 1872, aos dezesseis anos - Que sua lealdade e devoção sirvam de lição a nós todos.''
 
The fortress was featured as a scenario board in the Lord of the Rings board game.
 
[edit] Aglarond
Aglarond and Angrenost (later Isengard) were the two fortresses built by Gondor guarding the Fords of Isen. Like Angrenost to the north it was initially well guarded, but as the population of Calenardhon (the later Rohan) dwindled it was not maintained and, losing importance, was left to a hereditary small guard who intermarried with Dunlendings.
 
When Cirion, Steward of Gondor, gave Calenardhon to the Éothéod, Aglarond was transferred into Rohirric care, who named it Súthburg (southern burg in their language). The Gondorian guard was merged with that of Angrenost to the north, which remained in the keep of Gondor. Guard duty of the Fords was initially shared between Gondor and Rohan, but later maintained only by the Rohirrim.
 
During the reign of Helm Hammerhand, Rohan was attacked by Dunlendings from across the river Isen. Edoras was taken, and Helm and many of his people retreated to Súthburg. Because Helm always blew a great horn before riding out to fight the beleaguering Dunlendings, the keep was renamed Hornburg. During the War of the Ring, the Hornburg was the refuge of the Rohirrim as they defended Helm's Deep.
 
After the war, Gimli the Dwarf, who fought in that battle, established a colony of Durin's folk there. Aglarond lay in front of a huge and very beautiful cave system, which proved irresistible to him. Gimli became known as 'the Lord of the Glittering Caves', although this new realm was presumably under the overlordship of Thorin Stonehelm, his kinsman and heir of the lordship of all Durin's Folk. The dwarves of Aglarond restored the Hornburg following the War of the Ring, and it became a fortress they shared with the Rohirrim.
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