Diferenças entre edições de "Girolamo Riario"

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Biografia e fontes
(Biografia e fontes)
'''Girolamo Riario''' ([[1443]] - [[14 de Abril]], [[1488]]) foi [[lorde]] de [[Imola]] e [[Forlì]] no [[século XV]].
 
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== Biography ==
Born in [[Savona]], Riario was the nephew of [[Pope Sixtus IV]], who granted him the seignory of [[Imola]], as a [[dowry]] for his marriage with [[Caterina Sforza]] (daughter of [[Galeazzo Maria Sforza]], [[Duchy of Milan|Duke of Milan]]) in 1473.
 
Filho de [[Paolo Riario]] e [[Bianca della Rovere]] e sobrinho do Papa [[Sisto IV]], nasceu em [[Savona]]. Do Pontífice recebeu como dote de seu casamento, que se realizaria em 1477, com [[Catarina Sforza]] a Senhoria de [[Imola]] em 1473. Já o controle de Forli, lhe foi dado após expulsar a [[família Ordelaffi]] daquele ducado (1477).
Four years later, just after the marriage had been celebrated, Girolamo took control of [[Forlì]], ousting the [[Ordelaffi]].
Conspirador, sempre instigado pela esposa, participou da tentativa de assassinato de [[Lourenço de Médici]], que resultou na morte de Giuliano, irmão do mecenas de Florença, durante a [[Conspiração dos Pazzi]] (1478).
Em 1484, com a morte do papa Sisto IV, ele, na condição de capitão-general da Igreja, tomou de assalto o [[Castelo de Santo Ângelo]], numa manobra conjunta com a esposa Catarina a fim de forçar o [[Concílio de Cardeais]] a eleger um Papa entre os membros da família[[ Sforza]] de Milão.
Em 14 de abril de 1488, Girolamo acabou vítima, a golpes de espada, de uma conspiração liderada por dois irmãos da [[família Orsi]] de [[Forli]] – Checco e Ludovico Orsi.
A esposa Catarina assumiu a regência de Forli em nome de Ocataviano, primogênito do casal.
 
In 1478 he was one of the plotters behind the "[[Pazzi|Pazzi conspiracy]]," a plot to [[assassination|assassinate]] two promininent members of the [[Medici]] family in [[Florence]], 1478. In addition to conspiring, he was an intended beneficiary, once [[Lorenzo the Magnificent|Lorenzo]] and [[Giuliano de' Medici]] had been killed. In 1484, after the death of Sixtus IV, Catherine briefly occupied [[Castel Sant'Angelo]] in Rome on his behalf.
 
Riario promoted several further plots against the Medici, but they all failed. In 1488 he was the last of the main [[Pazzi]] conspirators left alive, and was himself assassinated in a conspiracy led by two members of the [[Orsi]] family from Forlì, supposedly over a financial dispute. On April 14, Checco and Ludovico Orsi entered the government palace, and one of them attacked Riario with a sword. Despite the presence of the Count's guards, a total of nine assassins slashed Riario to death, eventually flinging his corpse into a local piazza, where a crowd gathered in support of the assassins. The assassins then proceeded to loot the palace.
 
Although assassinations were not altogether uncommon in [[Italian Renaissance|Renaissance Florence]], they still had repercussions. Despite writing to Lorenzo de' Medici, who no doubt approved of the result of the assassination, they received no written support by the Medici family. Support, both military and popular, eventually sided with Riario's widow, and the Orsi brothers fled, taking what they could with them. Their remaining assets and family were soon destroyed by angry mobs.
 
Riario's body had been recovered from the piazza by a local friar, and once Riario's widow proved vindicated, she had the body cleaned up and laid in state for three days in the church of San Francesco.
 
== References ==
* {{cite book|last=Martines|first=Lauro|title=April Blood: Florence and the Plot Against the Medici|publisher=Oxford UP|city=New York|year=2003}}
 
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{{ref-section}}
•Hale, R.J. (1981). A concise Encyclopaedia of the Italian Renaissance – Thames and Hudson Edition
 
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