Diferenças entre edições de "Graça preveniente"

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{{Arminianismo}}
 
'''Graça preveniente''' é uma [[teologia cristã]] enraizada em [[Agostinho de Hipona]].<ref>[[Henry Bettenson]], ''The Later Christian Fathers'' (London: Oxford University Press, 1970), pp. 204-205.</ref> Ela é abraçada primeiramente pelos cristãos [[Arminianismo|Arminianosarminianos]] que são influênciados pela teologia de [[John Wesley]], e que foram parte do [[Metodismo|movimento metodista]]. Wesley tipicamente referiu-se a ela na linguagem do século XVIII como ''graça preventiva''. Em portugues moderno, a frase ''graça precedente'' deve ter um significado similar.
 
Graça preveniente é divina graça que precede as decisões humanas. <!--It exists prior to and without reference to anything humans may have done. Como os homens foram corrompidos pelo efeito do [[pecado]], prevenienta gracegraça preveniente permite allowsas personspessoas to engage their God-given [[livre-arbítrio]] toa chooseescolher a salvação oferecida por Deus em Jesus Cristo ou torejeitar reject thata salvificoferta offersalvífica. Whereas AugustineAgostinho held that prevenient grace cannot be resisted, Wesleyanarminianos Arminianswesleyanos believeacreditam thatque it enables, but does not ensure, personalaceitação acceptancepessoal ofdo thedom giftda of salvationsalvação.
 
== Definição ==
TheO ''[[United Methodist Book of Discipline]]'' (2004) define graça preveniente como, "…o amor divino que surroundscerca alltoda humanityhumanidade ande precedesprecede anycada andum allde ofnossos ourimpulsos conscious impulsesconscientes. ThisEssa gracegraça prompts our first wish to please God, our first glimmer of understanding concerning God's will, and our 'first slight transient conviction' of having sinned against God. God's grace also awakens in us an earnest longing for deliverance from sin and death and moves us toward repentance and faith."<ref>''The Book of Discipline of The United Methodist Church - 2004'' (Nashville: United Methodist Publishing House, 2004), Section 1: Our Doctrinal Heritage: Distinctive Wesleyan Emphases.</ref>
 
A [[Igreja do Nazareno]] fez da graça preveniente um dos seus sessenta "Artigos de Fé", encontradoencontrada no ''Manual''.<ref name="nazarene articles">{{Citar web |url=http://m nazarenoedia.premierstudios.com/nazarene/docs/Manual2005_09.pdf |título=Nazarene Manual 2005-2009 |língua= |autor= |obra= |data= |acessodata=}}</ref> O ''Manual'' declara sobre behalfo interesse da Igreja do Nazareno:
<blockquote>We believe that the human race’s creation in Godlikeness included ability to choose between right and wrong, and that thus human beings were made morally responsible; that through the fall of Adam they became depraved so that they cannot now turn and prepare themselves by their own natural strength and works to faith and calling upon God. But we also believe that the grace of God through Jesus Christ is freely bestowed upon all people, enabling all who will to turn from sin to righteousness, believe on Jesus Christ for pardon and cleansing from sin, and follow good works pleasing and acceptable in His sight.<ref name="nazarene articles"/></blockquote>
 
A questão da graça preveniente foi discutida no capítulo cinquenta da sexta sessão do [[Concílio de Trento]]:
 
''TheO SynodSínodo furthermoreademais declaresdeclara, thatque inem adultsadultos, theo beginninginício ofda thedita said JustificationJustificação is to be derived fromda thegraça prevenientpreveniente gracede ofDeus, God,através throughde Jesus Christ, that is to say, from His vocation, whereby, without any merits existing on their parts, they are called; that so they, who by sins were alienated from God, may be disposed through His quickening and assisting grace, to convert themselves to their own justification, by freely assenting to and co-operating with that said grace''.<ref>{{Citar web |url=http://history.hanover.edu/texts/trent/ct06.html |título=Concílio de Trento |língua= |autor= |obra= |data= |acessodata=}}</ref>
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== Na Escritura ==
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== Nos hinos metodistas ==
MostMuitos Methodisthinários hymnalsmetodistas havetem auma sectionsecção withcom hymnshinos concerningrelativos a prevenientgraça gracepreveniente, most recently ''The United Methodist Hymnal'' (1989). One of the best known hymns written about the doctrine is [[Charles Wesley|Charles Wesley's]] "Come, Sinners, to the Gospel Feast", which includes the lines, "Ye need not one be left behind, ''for God hath bid all humankind…the invitation is to all''…" (emphasis added).
 
Charles Wesley's "Sinners, Turn: Why Will You Die" continues the theme, "Sinners, turn: why will you die? God, the Spirit, asks you why; ''he, who all your lives hath strove, wooed you to embrace his love''" (emphasis added). His hymn "Depth of Mercy" offers a prayer to God, "''Now incline me to repent'', let me now my sins lament, now my foul revolt deplore, weep, believe, and sin no more" (emphasis added).
== Em outros lugares ==
* "'Você não deve ter me chamado senão eu teria sido chamado por você,' disse o Leão." - de ''A Cadeira Prateada'' por [[C. S. Lewis]]
* "EveryCada timevez weque beginnós tocomeçamos praya toorar para Jesus it is theé Holyo SpiritEspírito whoSanto drawsque usnos onatrai theao waycaminho ofda prayeroração bypela hissua prevenientgaça gracepreveniente." #2670 [[Catecismo da Igreja Católica]]
* "That grace is preceded by no merits. AUma rewardrecompensa isé duedevida toas goodboas worksobras, ifse theyelas areforem performedcumpridas; butmas gracea graça, whicha qual isnão noté duedevida, precedesprecede, that they may be done [St. Prosper]." Can. 18. #191 Concílio de Orange II A.D. 529 [[Concílio de Orange]]
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