Diferenças entre edições de "Spiennes"

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'''Spiennes''' é uma vila na região da [[Valônia]], na cidade de [[Mons]], na [[Bélgica]].
 
ItMundialmente isconhecida wellpelas knownminas for its [[neolithic]] [[flint]] [[mining|mine]]sneolíticas<ref>{{citecitar web |url=http://www.minesdespiennes.org/en.html|titletítulo=Neolithic Flint Mines of Petit-Spiennes : Official web site|accessdateaccesso=2007-12-16/12/2007}}</ref>, whichinscritas arecomo on[[Patrimônio theMundial]] list ofda [[UNESCO]], [[Worlddesde Heritage Site]]s2000. TheForam entryinscritas onpro theserem list"a describesmaior theme asmais "theantiga largestconcentração andde earliestminas concentrationantigas ofda ancientEuropa" minesalém inde Europe"ter andsido citescitado theo levelnível ofde humandesenvolvimento technologicaltecnológico developmenthumano theyque demonstratedemonstrou ascomo justificationjustificativa forpara theirsua inclusioninclusão.<ref>{{citecitar web |url=http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1006/ |titletítulo=Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons) |publishereditora=UNESCO |work=World Heritage List |yearano=2000 |accessdateacesso=2007-03-16}}</ref>
 
[[ImageFicheiro:Neolithic mines of Spiennes, Belgium.jpg||200px|thumb|Neolithicleft|Minas minesNeolíticas ofde Spiennes ]]
 
As minas cobrem cerca de 100 hectares subterrâneos, sob [[Mons]] e são interessantes porque mostram a transição entre a mineração aberta e a subterrânea em alguns nódulos. Os nódulos foram extraídos usando-se pinças de chifre de [[cervo]]. As rochas foram transformadas em peças em formato de [[eixo]]s e finalmente polidas em um estágio final.
 
[[ImageFicheiro:Feuersteinaxt.jpg|thumb|left|250px|LateEixo da [[StoneIdade Ageda Pedra]] flint axe, about 31 cm long.]]
 
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It is well known for its [[neolithic]] [[flint]] [[mining|mine]]s<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.minesdespiennes.org/en.html|title=Neolithic Flint Mines of Petit-Spiennes : Official web site|accessdate=2007-12-16}}</ref>, which are on the list of [[UNESCO]] [[World Heritage Site]]s. The entry on the list describes them as "the largest and earliest concentration of ancient mines in Europe" and cites the level of human technological development they demonstrate as justification for their inclusion.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1006/ |title=Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons) |publisher=UNESCO |work=World Heritage List |year=2000 |accessdate=2007-03-16}}</ref>
[[Image:Neolithic mines of Spiennes, Belgium.jpg||200px|thumb|Neolithic mines of Spiennes ]]
The mines cover some 100 hectares of [[downland]] near [[Mons]] in [[Belgium]] and are interesting for showing the transition between opencast and underground mining for the [[flint]] nodules. The nodules were extracted using deer antler picks. The stones were then [[knapped]] into rough-out shapes of axes, and finally polished to achieve the final state.
[[Image:Feuersteinaxt.jpg|thumb|left|250px|Late [[Stone Age]] flint axe, about 31 cm long]]
The rough-outs were traded over a wide area, and were often polished at their destination. Polishing strengthens the final product, making the axe-head last longer. The axes were used initially for forest clearance during the early [[Neolithic]] period, and for shaping wood for structural applications, such as timber for huts and canoes.
[[Image:Grimesgraves2.jpg|thumb|right|100px|Deer antler pick]]