Diferenças entre edições de "John Barrymore"

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Foi muito popular na [[década de 1920]], chamado de "O Grande Perfil". Hoje é lembrado por seus papéis em filmes como ''[[Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1920)]]'', [[Don Juan]]'' ([[1926]]), ''[[Grande Hotel]]'' ([[1932]]) e ''[[Jantar às Oito]]'' ([[1933]]).
 
ÉMembro de uma dinastia de múltiplas gerações no teatro, é irmão dos também atores [[Lionel Barrymore]] e [[Ethel Barrymore]] e avô da atriz [[Drew Barrymore]].
 
== Primeiros anos ==
Barrymore wasnasceu bornna inna thecasa Philadelphiade homesua ofavó hismaterna maternalna [[Filadélfia]] grandmother.<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 25</ref>. HisSeus parentspais wereforam [[Maurice Barrymore]] ande [[Georgiana Drew|Georgie Drew Barrymore]]. HisSua maternalavó grandmothermaterna wasfoi [[Louisa Lane Drew]] (aka Mrs Drew), auma prominentatriz ande well-respectedgerente 19thteatral centuryproeminente actresse andrespeitada theaterdo manager[[século XIX]], whoque instilledincutiu innele hime andem hisseus siblingsirmãos theos waysprincipios ofda actingatuação ande theatreda life. His uncles were [[John Drew,vida Jrteatral.]] and [[Mr. & Mrs. Sidney Drew|Sidney Drew]].
 
Barrymore fondlylembrava-se rememberedcom theprazer summerdo ofverão de 1896, inépoca hisde youthsua juventude, spentpassado onna hispropriedade father'sde ramblingseu estatepai, onem [[Long Island]]. HeEle e seu andirmão Lionel livedviveram auma existência semelhante à de [[Robinson Crusoe]]-like existence, attendedassistidos bypor aum blackcriado servantnegro namedchamado Edward. John wasfoi expelledexpulso fromda Escola Preparatória de [[Georgetown Preparatory School]], inem 1898, afterapós beingter caughtsido enteringvisto aentrando em um [[bordel]] bordello.<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 41</ref>.
 
Barrymore estudou para ser artista e trabalhou em jornais de [[Nova York]] antes de decidir-se a entrar para o ramo de atividade
da família, como ator. Ele faz sua estréia teatral em 1903; aparece nos palcos [[Londres|londrinos]] dois anos depois.
 
Ainda adolescente, cortejou a [[corista]] [[Evelyn Nesbit]] de 1901 a 1902. Por anos correram rumores que Nesbit havia engravidado e que Barrymore havia providenciado um [[aborto]], disfarçado como uma operação de [[apendicite]]. Muitos anos depois, outro amante de Nesbit, o famoso [[arquiteto]] [[Stanford White]], foi morto pelo marido desta, o milionário de [[Pittsburgh]] [[Harry K. Thaw]]. Barrymore foi chamado como testemunha de defesa no julgamento de Thaw, na esperança de provar que Evelyn Nesbit possuía um histórico de "imoralidade". Tanto Nesbit quanto Barrymore negaram o episódio do aborto sob juramento.<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 88</ref>
Barrymore estava hospedado no Hotel St. Francis, em [[San Francisco]] quando ocorreu o famoso [[Sismo de San Francisco de 1906|Terremoto de 1906]]. Ele estrelava uma produção de "''O Ditador''" e tinha agendado uma turnê para a [[Austrália]] com a peça. Com o fracasso de seus planos, recolheu-se, passando os próximos dias a beber na casa de um amigo na Van Ness Avenue. Durante essa temporada de bebedeiras, ele arquitetou um plano para explorar o terremoto em seu próprio benefício. Ele decide apresentar-se como reporter "no local da tragédia", maquiando todos os eventos que ele alegava ter presenciado. Vinte anos depois, Barrymore finalmente confessou sua mentira, porém o ator era tão famoso a essa altura que o mundo simplesmente sorriu indulgentemente a essa confissão <ref>Gordon Thomas e Max Morgan Witts: ''The San Francisco Earthquake'', Stein and Day, New York and Souvenir Press, London, 1971; reimpressão Dell, 1972, SBN 440-07631, p. 212</ref>
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{{commons|John Barrymore}}
 
 
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'''John Sidney Blyth Barrymore''' (February 15, 1882 – May 29, 1942)<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 24</ref> was an American actor.<ref>Obituary ''[[Variety Obituaries|Variety]]'', June 3, 1942.</ref> He first gained fame as a stage actor in light comedy, then high drama and culminating in groundbreaking portrayals in Shakespearean plays [[Hamlet]] and [[Richard III (play)|Richard III]]. His success continued with motion pictures in various genres in both the [[silent film|silent]] and [[talkies|sound]] eras. Barrymore's personal life has been the subject of much writing before and since his passing in 1942. Today John Barrymore is mostly known for his roles in movies like ''[[Grand Hotel (film)|Grand Hotel]]'' (1932), ''[[Dinner at Eight (film)|Dinner at Eight]]'' (1933), ''[[Twentieth Century (film)|Twentieth Century]]'' (1934), and ''[[Don Juan (1926 film)|Don Juan]]'' (1926), the first ever movie to use a [[Vitaphone]] soundtrack.
 
A member of a multi-generation theatrical dynasty, he was the brother of [[Lionel Barrymore]] and [[Ethel Barrymore]], and was the paternal grandfather of [[Drew Barrymore]].
 
==Early life==
Barrymore was born in the Philadelphia home of his maternal grandmother.<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 25</ref> His parents were [[Maurice Barrymore]] and [[Georgiana Drew|Georgie Drew Barrymore]]. His maternal grandmother was [[Louisa Lane Drew]] (aka Mrs Drew), a prominent and well-respected 19th century actress and theater manager, who instilled in him and his siblings the ways of acting and theatre life. His uncles were [[John Drew, Jr.]] and [[Mr. & Mrs. Sidney Drew|Sidney Drew]].
 
Barrymore fondly remembered the summer of 1896 in his youth, spent on his father's rambling estate on [[Long Island]]. He and Lionel lived a [[Robinson Crusoe]]-like existence, attended by a black servant named Edward. John was expelled from [[Georgetown Preparatory School]] in 1898 after being caught entering a bordello.<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 41</ref>
 
Barrymore studied to be an artist and worked on New York newspapers before deciding to go into the family business as an actor. He made his stage debut in 1903. He first appeared on the London stage 2 years later.
 
While still a teenager, he courted [[showgirl]] [[Evelyn Nesbit]] in 1901 and 1902. For years, rumors swirled that Nesbit had become pregnant and that Barrymore had arranged an abortion, disguised as an operation for "appendicitis". Several years later, another Nesbit lover, famed architect [[Stanford White]], was murdered by Nesbit's husband, [[Pittsburgh]] millionaire [[Harry K. Thaw]]. Barrymore was subpoenaed to testify at Thaw's trial in defense hopes of showing that Nesbit had a history of "immorality." Both Barrymore and Nesbit denied the abortion story under oath.<ref>Kobler, John. ''Damned in Paradise: The Life of John Barrymore'', New York: Atheneum, 1977, p. 88</ref>
 
Barrymore was staying at the [[St. Francis Hotel]] in [[San Francisco]] when the [[1906 San Francisco Earthquake|1906 earthquake]] struck. He had starred in a production of ''The Dictator'' and was booked to tour Australia with it. Since he loathed this prospect, he hid, spending the next few days drinking at the home of a friend on Van Ness Avenue. During this drinking jag, he worked out a plan to exploit the earthquake for his own ends. He decided to present himself as an on-the-scene "reporter", making up virtually everything he claimed to have witnessed. Twenty years later, Barrymore finally confessed to his deception, but by then, he was so famous that the world merely smiled indulgently at his admission."<ref name=thomas&morgan>Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan Witts: ''The San Francisco Earthquake'', Stein and Day, New York and Souvenir Press, London, 1971; reprinted Dell, 1972, SBN 440-07631, page 212</ref> His account was written as a "letter to my sister Ethel". He was sure the letter would be "worth at least a hundred dollars." In terms of publicity it earned Barrymore a thousand times that amount.<ref name=thomas&morgan/>
 
*[http://www.bl.uk/treasures/shakespeare/playhamlet.html John Barrymore and other Shakespearean stars read selections from Shakespearean plays]
 
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
| NAME = Barrymore, John
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
| SHORT DESCRIPTION =
| DATE OF BIRTH = February 15, 1882
| PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]], [[United States|U.S.]]
| DATE OF DEATH = May 29, 1942
| PLACE OF DEATH = [[Los Angeles, California]], [[United States|U.S.]]
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Barrymore, John}}
[[Category:Actors from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]]
[[Category:American film actors]]
[[Category:American silent film actors]]
[[Category:American stage actors]]
[[Category:Deaths from cirrhosis]]
[[Category:American actors of English descent]]
[[Category:1906 San Francisco earthquake]]
[[Category:People self-identifying as alcoholics]]
[[Category:Shakespearean actors]]
[[Category:Vaudeville performers]]
[[Category:Alcohol-related deaths in California]]
[[Category:Old King's]]
[[Category:1882 births]]
[[Category:1942 deaths]]
[[Category:1906 San Francisco Earthquake survivors]]
[[Category:20th-century actors]]
 
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[[uk:Джон Беррімор]]
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{{referências|Referências e notas}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Barrymore, John}}
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