Difference between revisions of "Nathaniel Currier"

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{{Info biografia
{{em tradução|W:en:Nathaniel Currier}}
|nome = Nathaniel Currier
|imagem image = Military College of Chapultepec2.jpg
{{Infobox artist
|imagem_tamanho bgcolour = #6495ED300px
|legenda name = "Colégio Militar de [[Batalha de Chapultepec|Chapultepec]]", litografia publicada por Nathaniel Currier, [[1847]].
|data_nascimento = {{Dni|27|3|1813|si|lang=br}}
| image = Military College of Chapultepec2.jpg
|local_nascimento deathplace = [[Amesbury,Roxbury (Massachusetts)|AmesburyRoxbury]], [[Massachusetts]]
| imagesize = 300px
|data_morte = {{Falecimento|20|11|1888|27|3|1813}}
| caption = "Military College at [[Battle of Chapultepec|Chapultepec]]", hand tinted lithograph published by Nathaniel Currier as a sole proprietor, c. 1847.
|local_morte = [[Amesbury (Massachusetts)|Amesbury ]], [[Massachusetts]]
| birthname =
|nacionalidade = {{flagicon|Estados Unidos}} [[Estados Unidos|americano]]
| birthdate = {{birth date |1813|3|27|}}
|ocupação = [[artes gráficas|artista gráfico]], [[litografia|litógrafo]]
| location = [[Roxbury, Massachusetts]]
| deathdate = {{death date and age |1888|11|20|1813|3|27|}}
| deathplace = [[Amesbury, Massachusetts|Amesbury]], [[Massachusetts]]
| nationality = [[United States of America|American]]
| field = [[lithography]]
| training =
| movement =
| works =
| patrons =
| influenced by =
| influenced =
| awards =
[[File:Whig primary 1848c.jpg|thumb|right|200px|"An Available Candidate: The One Qualification for a Whig President". Political cartoon about the 1848 presidential election which refers to [[Zachary Taylor]] or [[Winfield Scott]], the two leading contenders for the [[Whig Party (United States)|Whig Party]] nomination in the aftermath of the [[Mexican-American War]]. Published 1848, digitally restored.]]
'''Nathaniel Currier''' (March [[27, de março]] de [[1813]]November [[20, de novembro]] de [[1888]]) foi um [[EUAlitografia|americanolitógrafo]] [[LitogragrafiaEUA|litografistaamericano]], quediretor dirigiu ada companhia ''[[Currier and Ives]]'' junto com [[James Ives]].<ref>[[W:en{{citar web|url=http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=g&p=a&a=i&ID=692|titulo=Nathaniel Currier|autor=Jim andLane|publicado=Humanities IvesWeb|Currierdata=[[15 &de Ivesmaio]] </ref> comde [[James2000]]|accessdate=[[31 Ivesde outubro]]. de [[2010]]}}</ref>
==Primeiros anos==
<!--Currier was born in [[Roxbury, Massachusetts]] to Nathaniel and Hannah Currier. He attended public school until age fifteen, when he was [[apprentice]]d to the [[Boston]] printing firm of [[Pendleton's Lithography|William and John Pendleton]]. The Pendletons were the first successful lithographers in the United States, lithography having only recently been invented in [[Europe]], and Currier learned the process in their shop. He subsequently went to work for M. E. D. Brown in [[Philadelphia]], in 1833. The following year, Currier moved to [[New York City]], where he was to start a new business with John Pendleton. Pendleton backed out, and the new firm became Currier & Stodart, which lasted only one year. In addition to being a lithographer, he was also a volunteer fireman in the 1850s.
==Currier & Ives==
In 1835, Currier started his own lithographic business as an eponymous sole proprietorship. He initially engaged in standard lithographic business of printing sheet music, letterheads, handbills, etc. However, he soon took his work in a new direction, creating pictures of [[News|current events]]. In late 1835, he issued a print illustrating a recent fire in New York. ''Ruins of the Merchant's Exchange N.Y. after the Destructive Conflagration of Decbr 16 & 17, 1835'' was published by the [[New York Sun (historical)|New York Sun]], just four days after the fire, and was an early example of illustrated news. In 1840, Currier began to move away from job printing and into independent print publishing. In that year, the Sun published his print ''Awful Conflagration of the Steam Boat 'Lexington' in Long Island Sound on Monday Eveg Jany 13th 1840, by Which Melancholy Occurrence Over 100 Persons Perished'', another documentation of a news event, three days after the disaster; the print sold thousands of copies.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Currier, Nathaniel}}
In 1850, James Ives came to work for Currier's firm as [[Bookkeeping|bookkeeper]]. Ives' skills as a businessman and [[Marketing|marketer]] contributed significantly to the growth of the company; in 1857 he was made a full partner, and the company became known as [[Currier and Ives|Currier & Ives]]. Although best known as creators of popular art prints, such as Christmas scenes, landscapes, or depictions of [[Victorian era|Victorian]] urban sophistication, Currier & Ives also produced [[political cartoon]]s and [[banner]]s, significant historical scenes, and further illustrations of current events. Over the decades, the firm created roughly 7,500 different images.
==Personal and later life==
[[Image:13am196.jpg|thumb|left|Currier & Ives' ''Central-Park, Winter: The Skating Pond'', 1862]]
Nathaniel Currier was a [[Unitarianism|Unitarian]] who first married Eliza West Farnsworth. The couple had one child, Edward West Currier. In 1847, after Eliza's death, he married Lura Ormsbee.
{{em tradução|W:[[en:Nathaniel Currier}}]]
Currier was a friend of [[P.T. Barnum]] of [[Barnum and Bailey]] fame.
Currier was fond of fast horses, and several were kept at his Massachusetts residence in a barn he purchased, ordered dismantled, and had delivered by horse to his estate.
Currier retired from his firm in 1880, and turned the business over to his son Edward. He died eight years later on November 20, 1888, at his beloved home on Lion's Mouth Road in [[Amesbury, Massachusetts]].
*{{cite book|author=Linda S. Chase|chapter=Currier, Nathaniel|title=American National Biography Online|year=2000|chapterurl=http://www.anb.org/articles/17/17-01567.html}}
*{{cite web|url=http://www.humanitiesweb.org/human.php?s=g&p=a&a=i&ID=692|title=Nathaniel Currier|author=Jim Lane|work=Humanities Web|date=2000-05-15|accessdate=2006-09-14}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Currier, Nathaniel}}
[[Category:1813 births]]
[[Category:1888 deaths]]
[[Category:American printmakers]]
[[Category:Burials at Green-Wood Cemetery]]
[[Category:American Unitarians]]
[[Category:American lithographers]]
[[Category:People from Roxbury, Boston]]