Sacerdócio de todos os crentes: diferenças entre revisões

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Other relevant Scripture passages include Exodus 19:5-6, First Peter 2:4-8, Revelation 1:4-6, 5:6-10, and many passages in the [[Epistle to the Hebrews]].
[[FileFicheiro:AugsburgConfessionXXIOfTheWorshipoftheSaints.JPG|thumb|"Scripture...sets before us Christ alone as mediator, atoning sacrifice, high priest, and intercessor."—[[Augsburg Confession]] Art. XXI.<ref>[ Augsburg Confession, Article 21, "Of the Worship of the Saints"]. trans. Kolb, R., Wengert, T., and Arand, C. Minneapolis: [[Augsburg Fortress]], 2000.</ref>]]
In ancient Israel, priests acted as mediators between God and people. They ministered according to God's instruction and they offered sacrifices to God on behalf of the people. Once a year, the high priest would enter the holiest part of the temple and offer a sacrifice for the sins of all the people, including all the priests.
<blockquote>[From Article 4:] Furthermore, it is taught that we cannot obtain forgiveness of sin and righteousness before God through our merit, work, or satisfactions, but that we receive forgiveness of sin and become righteous before God out of grace for Christ’s sake through faith when we believe that Christ has suffered for us and that for his sake our sin is forgiven and righteousness and eternal life are given to us ... [From Article 5:] To obtain such faith God instituted the office of preaching, giving the gospel and the sacraments. Through these, as through means, he gives the Holy Spirit who produces faith, where and when he wills, in those who hear the gospel ... [Article 14:] Concerning church government it is taught that no one should publicly teach, preach, or administer the sacraments without a proper [public] call.<ref>Articles 4, 5, and 14 of the [[Augsburg Confession]] in Robert Kolb and Timothy J. Wengert, trans. and eds., ''The Book of Concord : The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church'', (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2000), 39, 40, 46.</ref></blockquote>
The origins of the doctrine within Protestantism are somewhat obscure. The idea was found in a radical form in [[Lollardy|Lollard thought]]. [[Martin Luther]] adduced it in his writings for the purpose of reforming the Christian Church, and it became a central tenet of [[Protestantism]].
==Problemas com traduções==
Much of the doctrinal confusion on this matter is caused by the difference between the [[Ancient Greek|Greek]] words ''ἱερεύς'' (''hiereus'' meaning "sacred one") and [[presbyter|''πρεσβύτερος'']]'' (''presbyteros'' meaning "one with elderhood"), which are usually both translated in English with the word "[[priest#In_Christianity|priest]]". The former term refers to the sacrificial ritual leaders of Judaism, the [[kohen|kohanim]], and to those holding the office of conducting sacrifices in ancient [[pagan]] temples, whereas the latter term refers to an acknowledged elder of a community.
The earliest Christianity is not recorded as ever having created an office of ''hiereus'', except to acknowledge [[Jesus]] in that role, and as in the Greek of 1 Peter 2:9, to recognize [[Christian Church#One universal church|the Church]] as having it in a collective sense. The New Testament records the role of [[presbyter]] (or ''[[episkopos]]'' which literally means "[[overseer]]") in the earliest Christian churches as the role granted by the Apostles to the earliest acknowledged leaders of the Church. So, to say that a Christian is a "[[sacred]] one" (i.e. ''hiereus'') is not to say that each Christian is "one with elderhood" (i.e. ''presbyteros'').
* [[Santo#No_Protestantismo|Santo: No Protestantismo]]
== {{Ligações externas}} ==
* [ "The Priesthood of All Believers and Other Pious Myths" by Timothy Wengert]
* [ "Luther and the Priesthood of All Believers" by Norman Nagel]
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[[CategoryCategoria:Termos cristãos]]
[[de:Priestertum aller Gläubigen]]
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