Cantata coral: diferenças entre revisões

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== Descrição ==
 
The chorale cantata developed out of the [[chorale concerto]], an earlier form much used by [[Samuel Scheidt]] in the early 17th century, which incorporated elements of the [[Venetian School]], such as the [[concertato]] style, into the liturgical music of the [[Protestant Reformation]]. Later the chorale cantata developed into three general forms:
# a form in which each verse ([[strophe]]) of the chorale was developed as an independent movement;
# a form in which the chorale appeared in some of the movements, perhaps only two, and the other parts of the cantata used other texts; and
# the version pioneered by J.S. Bach, in which the first and last movements use the first and last strophes of the chorale, but the inner movements&mdash;perhapsmovements—perhaps [[aria]] and [[recitative]]&mdash;use—use paraphrases of the actual chorale text. Typically the beginning and ending movements use all the instrumental and vocal forces, while the interior movements are for smaller groups.
 
Most compositions in this genre were never published. It was common at the time for composers to write for local performances; often the composer and the music director at a church were the same person, and the music was written, copied, and performed in short order, and remained in manuscript. Probably over 95% of all compositions of this type have been lost.
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== Compositores ==
 
Compositores de cantatas corais inclusos:
 
=== Barroco ===
* [[Samuel Scheidt]]
* [[Johann Andreas Herbst]]
* [[Johann Erasmus Kindermann]]
* [[Franz Tunder]]
* [[Nicolaus Bruhns]]
* [[Dieterich Buxtehude]]
* [[Johann Krieger]]
* [[Sebastian Knüpfer]]
* [[Johann Schelle]]
* [[Johann Pachelbel]]
* [[Johann Rosenmüller]]
* [[Johannes Crüger]]
* [[Joachim Gerstenbüttel]]
* [[Georg Bronner]]
* [[Christoph Graupner]]
* [[Johann Kuhnau]]
* [[Georg Philipp Telemann]]
* [[Johann Sebastian Bach]]
 
=== Pós-Barroco ===
*[[Samuel Scheidt]]
* [[Felix Mendelssohn]]
*[[Johann Andreas Herbst]]
* [[Arnold Mendelssohn]]
*[[Johann Erasmus Kindermann]]
* [[FranzMax TunderReger]]
*[[Nicolaus Bruhns]]
*[[Dieterich Buxtehude]]
*[[Johann Krieger]]
*[[Sebastian Knüpfer]]
*[[Johann Schelle]]
*[[Johann Pachelbel]]
*[[Johann Rosenmüller]]
*[[Johannes Crüger]]
*[[Joachim Gerstenbüttel]]
*[[Georg Bronner]]
*[[Christoph Graupner]]
*[[Johann Kuhnau]]
*[[Georg Philipp Telemann]]
*[[Johann Sebastian Bach]]
 
===Pós-Barroco===
 
*[[Felix Mendelssohn]]
*[[Arnold Mendelssohn]]
*[[Max Reger]]
 
==Referências==
 
== Referências ==
* Artigos "Chorale cantata", "Chorale settings", in ''The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians'', ed. Stanley Sadie. 20 vol. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 1980. ISBN 1-56159-174-2
* [[Manfred Bukofzer]], ''Music in the Baroque Era''. New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 1947. ISBN 0-393-09745-5
 
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[[Categoria:Música da Alemanha]]
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