Sacerdócio de todos os crentes: diferenças entre revisões

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==História dentro do Protestantismo==
 
ItÉ isum aconceito foundationalfundamental concept ofdo [[ProtestantismProtestantismo]].<ref>"Protestantism originated in the 16th-century Reformation, and its basic doctrines, in addition to those of the ancient Christian creeds, are justification by grace alone through faith, the priesthood of all believers, and the supremacy of Holy Scripture in matters of faith and order" ("The Protestant Heritage." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 20 Sept. 2007 [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9109446]</ref> WhileEmbora [[MartinMartinho LutherLutero]] didnão nottenha useusado theexatamente exacta phrasefrase "priesthoodsacerdócio ofde alltodos os believerscrentes," heele adducesapresenta aum generalsacerdócio priesthoodgeral inà ChristendomCristandade in hisem 1520 em ''[[To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation]]'', inde ordermodo toa dismissdispensar thea visão medieval viewde thatque Christiansos inCristãos thena presentvida lifepresente werefossem todivididos beem divided into twoduas classes: "spiritualespirituais" ande "temporal.temporais". HeEle putapresentou forwarda thedoutrina doctrineem thatque alltodos baptizedos Christianscristãos arebatizados são "priestssacerdotes" ande "spiritualespirituais" inà thevista sight ofde [[GodDeus]]:
 
<blockquote>ThatQue theo popePapa orou bishopo anoints,Bispo makesfaçam tonsuresas unções, ordains[[tonsura]]s, consecratesordenações, orconsagrações, dressesou differentlyse fromvistam thediferentemente laitydos leigos, maypode makefazer aum hypocriteícone orhipócrita anou idolatrousídolo oil-paintedpintado a iconóleo, butmas itde informa noalguma waypode makesfazer ade Christianum orcristão spiritualum humanser beinghumano espiritual. InDe factfato, wesomos aretodos allsacerdotes consecratedconsagrados priestsatravés throughdo Baptism[[Batismo]], ascomo St.São PeterPedro, inem 1I PeterPedro 2[:9] saysdiz, "Youvós aresóis aum royalsacerdócio priesthoodreal ande areino priestlyde kingdom,sacerdotes" ande Revelationem Apocalipse [5:10], "Throughpelo yourTeu bloodsangue younos havefizeste madesacerdotes use into priests and kingsreis"."<ref>Martin Luther, ''Weimar Ausgabe'', vol. 6, p. 407, lines 19-25 as quoted in Timothy Wengert, "The Priesthood of All Believers and Other Pious Myths," page 12 [http://www.valpo.edu/ils/documents/05_wengert.pdf]{{Dead link|date=May 2010}}.</ref></blockquote>
 
 
 
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It is a foundational concept of [[Protestantism]].<ref>"Protestantism originated in the 16th-century Reformation, and its basic doctrines, in addition to those of the ancient Christian creeds, are justification by grace alone through faith, the priesthood of all believers, and the supremacy of Holy Scripture in matters of faith and order" ("The Protestant Heritage." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 20 Sept. 2007 [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9109446]</ref> While [[Martin Luther]] did not use the exact phrase "priesthood of all believers," he adduces a general priesthood in Christendom in his 1520 ''[[To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation]]'' in order to dismiss the medieval view that Christians in the present life were to be divided into two classes: "spiritual" and "temporal." He put forward the doctrine that all baptized Christians are "priests" and "spiritual" in the sight of [[God]]:
<blockquote>That the pope or bishop anoints, makes tonsures, ordains, consecrates, or dresses differently from the laity, may make a hypocrite or an idolatrous oil-painted icon, but it in no way makes a Christian or spiritual human being. In fact, we are all consecrated priests through Baptism, as St. Peter in 1 Peter 2[:9] says, "You are a royal priesthood and a priestly kingdom," and Revelation [5:10], "Through your blood you have made us into priests and kings."<ref>Martin Luther, ''Weimar Ausgabe'', vol. 6, p. 407, lines 19-25 as quoted in Timothy Wengert, "The Priesthood of All Believers and Other Pious Myths," page 12 [http://www.valpo.edu/ils/documents/05_wengert.pdf]{{Dead link|date=May 2010}}.</ref></blockquote>
 
Two months later Luther would write in his ''[[On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church]]'' (1520):
Some groups during the Reformation believed that priesthood authority was still needed, but was lost from the earth. [[Roger Williams (theologian)|Roger Williams]] believed, "There is no regularly constituted church of Christ on earth, nor any person qualified to administer any church ordinances; nor can there be until new apostles are sent by the Great Head of the Church for whose coming I am seeking." Another group, the [[Seekers]], believed that the Roman Catholic Church had lost its authority through corruption and waited for Christ to restore his true church and authority.
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==Problemas com traduções==
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