Diferenças entre edições de "Maurício Roy"

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[[Ficheiro:Coat of arms of Maurice Roy.svg|miniaturadaimagem]]
'''Maurice Roy''' ([[Québec]], [[25 de janeiro]] de [[1905]] – Québec, [[24 de outubro]] de [[1985]]) foi um candensecanadense, arcebispo e cardeal da Igreja Católica, eleito pelo Papa [[Paulo VI]] no consistório de [[22 de fevereiro]] de [[1965]].
== Ver também ==
*[[Octogesima Adveniens]], Carta Apostólica de Paulo VI.
'''Maurice Roy''', {{Post-nominals|country=CAN|CC|OBE}} (January 25, 1905 &ndash; October 24, 1985) was a [[Canada|Canadian]] [[Cardinal (Catholicism)|Cardinal]] of the [[Roman Catholic Church]]. He served as [[Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Quebec|Archbishop of Quebec]] from 1947 to 1981, and was elevated to the [[Cardinal (Catholicism)|cardinalate]] in 1965.
Maurice Roy was born in [[Quebec City]] as one of three children. His father was a [[judge]], [[Dean (education)|dean]] of the [[Legal education|faculty of law]] at the University of Laval, and a friend of [[Maurice Duplessis]]. His mother was a descendant of the poet Napoléon Legendre. Initially [[Homeschooling|homsechooled]], he was [[Holy Orders|ordained]] to the [[Priesthood (Catholic Church)|priesthood]] by [[Roman Catholic Diocese of Nicolet|Bishop Joseph Brunault]] on June 12, 1927 after attending the [[Seminary]] of Quebec from 1915 to 1923. He obtained his [[Licentiate of Sacred Theology|licentiate in theology]] from the [[Université Laval|University of Laval]] in 1927, and then studied at the [[Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum)|Angelicum]] in [[Rome]], receiving a [[doctorate]] in [[philosophy]] in 1929. From 1929 to 1930, he attended the [[University of Paris|Sorbonne]] and the [[Institut Catholique de Paris|Catholic Institute]] in [[Paris]]. Roy then taught [[Dogmatic theology|dogmatic]] and [[Sacraments of the Catholic Church|sacramental]] [[theology]] and [[apologetics]] at Quebec's Grand Seminary until 1939. He worked as a [[chaplain]] to the University of Laval (1935–1937) and to the [[Land Force Command (Canada)|Canadian Army]] during [[World War II]]. He was awarded the [[Order of the British Empire]] for his "extremely courageous conduct" as a chaplain in the war.<ref>TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,855751,00.html Youth in the Archbishopric] June 16, 1947</ref> Resuming his teaching posts upon his return to Canada in 1945, Roy was named [[Superior (hierarchy)|superior]] of the seminary in December of that same year.
On February 22, 1946, he was appointed [[Roman Catholic Diocese of Trois Rivières|Bishop of Trois Rivières]] by [[Pope Pius XII]]. Roy received his [[Bishop (Catholic Church)|episcopal consecration]] on the following May 1 from Cardinal [[Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve]], [[Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate|OMI]], with Bishops [[Roman Catholic Diocese of Nicolet|Albini Lafortune]] and [[Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Hyacinthe|Arthur Douville]] serving as [[Consecrator|co-consecrators]], in the [[Notre-Dame de Québec Cathedral|Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame]]. Roy became Bishop of the Catholic [Military Vicariat] of Canada on June 8 of the same year, later resigning from the post on March 12, 1982, after thirty-five years of service.
A little over a year after Roy's first episcopal appointment, Pope Pius raised him to [[Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Quebec|Archbishop of Quebec]] on June 2, 1947. He was made [[Primate (religion)|Primate]] of the [[Roman Catholicism in Canada|Canadian Church]] upon Quebec's elevation to that ecclesiastical rank on January 24, 1956. Roy condemned the supposed [[miracle]]s of [[Saint-Sylvestre, Quebec|Saint-Sylvestre]] in 1949,<ref>TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,800838,00.html Miracle Business] October 3, 1949</ref> and prohibited Fr. [[Georges-Henri Lévesque]] from sitting on [[Parliament of Canada|Parliament]] in 1955, fearing that a priest with such a postiton would bring embarrassment to the Church.<ref>TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,823735,00.html The Church Said No] February 7, 1955</ref> Participating in the [[Second Vatican Council]] (1962–1965), Roy was created [[Cardinal (Catholicism)|Cardinal-Priest]] of ''[[Nostra Signora del Santissimo Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi|Nostra Signora del Ss. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi]]'' by [[Pope Paul VI]] in the [[consistory]] of February 22, 1965. He was named the first President of the [[Pontifical Council for the Laity]] and of [[Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace|that for Justice and Peace]] on January 6, 1967, and then first President of [[Pontifical Council for the Family|Family]] on January 11, 1973. He stepped down as Quebec's archbishop on March 20, 1981, after a period of thirty-three years.
In 1971 Roy was made a Companion of the [[Order of Canada]], and he resigned all three of his [[Roman Curia|Curial]] posts on December 16, 1976. He was a [[Cardinal electors in Papal conclaves, August and October 1978|cardinal elector]] in the [[Papal conclave|conclaves]] of [[Papal conclave, August 1978|August]] and [[Papal conclave, October 1978|October 1978]], and stepped down as Quebec's archbishop on March 20, 1981, after a period of thirty-three years.
He died in his sleep at a hospital in Quebec, at age 80. He is buried in the [[crypt]] of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame. Thus his [[baptism]], [[Confirmation (Catholic Church)|confirmation]], priestly ordination, episcopal consecration, installment as Archbishop of Quebec, and burial all took place at the Cathedral of Notre-Dame.<ref>TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,855830,00.html Enthronement] August 4, 1947</ref>
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[[Categoria:Arcebispos católicos do Canadá]]