Telegrama Zimmermann: diferenças entre revisões

5 406 bytes adicionados ,  17 de abril de 2018
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(De "Prometia ao México terras dos Estados Unidos" para "prometia ao México suas antigas terras tomadas pelos Estados Unidos")
(5)
Etiqueta: Inserção de predefinição obsoleta
O '''Telegrama Zimmermann''' ([[Língua alemã|Alemão]]: ''Zimmermann-Depesche''; [[Língua espanhola|Espanhol]]: ''Telegrama Zimmermann'') foi um [[telegrama]] codificado despachado pelo ministro do exterior do [[Império Alemão]], [[Arthur Zimmermann]], em [[16 de janeiro]] de [[1917]], para o [[embaixador]] [[Alemanha|alemão]] no [[México]], [[Heinrich von Eckardt]], no auge da [[Primeira Guerra Mundial]].
 
O [[telegrama]] instruía o [[embaixador]] para se aproximar com o governo [[México|mexicano]] com a proposta de formar uma aliança militar contra os [[Estados Unidos]]. A proposta prometia ao [[México]] suas antigas terras tomadas pelos [[Estados Unidos]] caso o país aceitasse o acordo. O [[telegrama]] foi interceptado e decodificado por [[Grã-Bretanha|britânicos]] e seu conteúdo apressou a entrada dos [[Estados Unidos]] na [[Primeira Guerra Mundial]] em abril.<ref>[[#Andrew|Andrew]], p.&nbsp;42.</ref> A decifração é um dos triunfos de inteligência mais significativos para a Grã-Bretanha durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial, e uma das primeiras ocasiões em que uma parte dos setores de inteligência influenciou os eventos mundiais.<ref name=BBCHistory2017>{{cite news|title=The telegram that brought America into the First World War|url=http://www.historyextra.com/article/bbc-history-magazine/telegram-brought-america-first-world-war|accessdate=17 January 2017|work=BBC History Magazine|date=17 January 2017}}</ref>
 
 
 
== Telegrama ==
 
Por favor chame a atenção do Presidente que o emprego implacável de nossos submarinos agora oferecem a perspectiva de forçar a Inglaterra a declarar paz em alguns meses."</blockquote>
 
{{Referências}}
 
== Bibliografia ==
*{{cite book |ref= Andrew |last= Andrew |first= Christopher |title= For The President's Eyes Only |year= 1996 |publisher= Harper Collins |isbn= 0-00-638071-9 }}
*{{cite book |ref= Beesly|last= Beesly |first= Patrick |year= 1982 |title= Room 40: British Naval Intelligence, 1914–1918 |location= New York |publisher= Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich |isbn= 0-15-178634-8}}
* Boghardt, Thomas. ''The Zimmermann Telegram: Intelligence, Diplomacy, and America's Entry into World War I'' (2012) [https://www.amazon.com/Zimmermann-Telegram-Intelligence-Diplomacy-Americas/dp/1612511481/ excerpt and text search]; 319pp
**{{cite book |ref= Boghardt |last= Boghardt |first= Thomas |date= November 2003 |title= The Zimmermann Telegram: Diplomacy, Intelligence and The American Entry into World War I |series= Working Paper Series |url= http://cges.georgetown.edu/docs/docs_working_papers_page/working_paper_boghardt_6-04.pdf |format= PDF |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20060902235946/http://cges.georgetown.edu/docs/Docs_Working_Papers_Page/Working_Paper_Boghardt_6-04.pdf |archivedate= September 2, 2006 |publisher= The BMW Center for German and European Studies Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University |location= Washington DC |id= 6-04}}; 35pp
* {{cite book |ref= Capozzola |last=Capozzola |first=Christopher |date= 2008 |title=Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen |location=Oxford |publisher=Oxford Scholarship Online |isbn=9780195335491|url=http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335491.001.0001/acprof-9780195335491}}
* {{cite news |ref= Fenton |last= Fenton |first= Ben |work= The Telegraph |location= London |date= 17 October 2005 |url= https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1500812/Telegram-that-brought-US-into-Great-War-is-found-found.html |title= Telegram that brought US into Great War is Found Found }}
*{{cite book |ref= Gannon |last= Gannon |first= Paul |title= Inside Room 40: The Codebreakers of World War I |location= London |publisher= Ian Allen Publishing |year= 2011|isbn= 978-0-7110-3408-2}}
*{{cite book |ref= Hopkirk |author-link= Peter Hopkirk |last= Hopkirk |first= Peter |year= 1994 |title= On Secret Service East of Constantinople |location= Oxford |publisher= [[Oxford University Press]] |isbn= 0-19-280230-5}}
*{{cite book |ref= Katz |last= Katz |first= Friedrich |title= The Secret War in Mexico: Europe, the United States, and the Mexican Revolution |year= 1981 |location= |publisher= |isbn= }}
*{{cite book |ref= Link |last= Link |first= Arthur S. |title= Wilson: Campaigns for Progressivism and Peace: 1916–1917 |year= 1965 |url= http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=acls;idno=heb01547.0005.001;rgn=full%20text;view=toc;cc=acls}}
*{{cite book |ref= Massie |author-link= Robert Massie |last= Massie |first= Robert K. |title= Castles of Steel |publisher= Vantage Books |location= London |year= 2007 |isbn= 978-0-09-952378-9}}
*{{cite journal |ref= Meyer |last= Meyer |first= Michael C. |title= The Mexican-German Conspiracy of 1915 |journal= The Americas |volume= 23 |issue= 1 |year=1966 |page=76 |doi=10.2307/980141}}
*{{cite book |last1= Polmar |first1= Norman |last2= Noot |first2= Jurrien |title= Submarines of the Russian and Soviet Navies 1718–1990 |location= Annapolis |publisher= US Naval Institute Press |year= 1991 |lastauthoramp= y |ref= Polmar}}
*{{cite book |ref= Pommerin |last= Pommerin |first= Reiner |year= 1996 |chapter= Reichstagsrede Zimmermanns (Auszug), 30. März 1917 |title= 'Quellen zu den deutsch-amerikanischen Beziehungen |location= Darmstadt |publisher= Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Vol. 1 |pages= 213–16}}
*{{cite news|ref= Singh |author1=Singh, Simon|authorlink1=Simon Singh|title=The Zimmermann Telegraph|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/historical-notes-184-kings-road-tighnabruaich-1117153.html|accessdate=14 August 2014|work=The Independent|publisher=Independent Print Limited|date=8 September 1999|archiveurl=http://simonsingh.net/media/articles/maths-and-science/the-zimmermann-telegram/|archivedate=1999}}
*{{cite book |ref= Tuchman |author-link= Barbara Tuchman |last= Tuchman |first= Barbara W. |title= The Zimmermann Telegram |year= 1958 |url= https://www.amazon.com/dp/0345324250/ | isbn= 0-345-32425-0}}
*{{cite book |ref= Tucker |first1= Spencer |last1= Tucker |first2= Priscilla Mary |last2= Roberts |title= World War One |location= Santa Barbara CA |publisher= ABC-CLIO |year= 2005 |isbn= 1-85109-420-2 |lastauthoramp= y}}
* {{cite book |author-link= Rupert Allason |last= West |first= Nigel |title= The Sigint Secrets: The Signals Intelligence War, 1990 to Today-Including the Persecution of Gordon Welchman |publisher= Quill |location= New York |year= 1990 |isbn= 0-688-09515-1}}
 
[[Categoria:1917 nas relações internacionais]]
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