Diferenças entre edições de "Usuário:Gato Preto/Testes/10"

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==Publicação na Rússia==
[[File:Voline.jpg|thumb|left|[[Volin]] described ''Golos Truda'''s procedure of revealing misdeeds of those in power, and suggesting alternatives as, "not only its right, but incontestably its strictest duty."<ref name=volinc4/>]]
Embora no princípio os [[Bolchevique|bolcheviques]] não eram muito populares após a Revolução de Fevereiro–com o primeiro-ministro Aleksandr Kérenski, um liberal, a manter o apoio suficiente para sufocar um golpe de Estado, como o de Julho–aproveitaram a desordem e o colapso económico-social, as greves massivas e o escândalo de Kornílov para aumentar a sua popularidade e, posteriormente, controlar os conselhos operários, os [[sovietes]].<ref>{{Citar periódico|data=2017-06-19|titulo=Opinion {{!}} Was Lenin a German Agent?|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/19/opinion/was-lenin-a-german-agent.html|jornal=The New York Times|lingua=en-US|issn=0362-4331}}</ref><ref>{{Citar web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/higher/history/russia/october/revision/3/|titulo=BBC - Higher Bitesize History - The causes of the October Revolution : Revision, Page3|acessodata=2018-05-01|lingua=en-GB}}</ref><ref>{{Citar web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/russia/provisionalgovernmentrev1.shtml|titulo=BBC - GCSE Bitesize - Provisional Government and its problems|acessodata=2018-05-01|lingua=en-GB}}</ref> Volin lamentaria a lacuna de quase seis meses entre a Revolução de Fevereiro e o estabelicimento do ''Golos Truda'' na Rússia, considerando-o «uma grande e irreparável demora para os anarquistas»; agora, afrontavam uma situação muito complicada, com a maioria dos trabalhadores a seguir o poderoso e consolidado Partido Bolchevique, cuja propaganda<ref>{{Citar periódico|ultimo=Panfilova|primeiro=Vera|data=2017-11-05|titulo=Russia's revolutionary posters|url=http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-41833406|jornal=BBC News|lingua=en-GB|acessodata=1 de maio de 2018}}</ref> tinha permeado por toda a sociedade operária e tinha dizimado os esforços anarquistas.<ref>{{Citar web|url=http://www.ditext.com/voline/271.html|titulo=The Unknown Revolution, 1917-1921|acessodata=2018-05-01|obra=www.ditext.com}}</ref>
Though initially the [[Bolsheviks]] had not enjoyed much popularity following the [[February Revolution]]—with liberal Prime Minister [[Alexander Kerensky]] retaining enough support to repress an attempted ''coup d'état'' by the faction in July—they capitalized on the disorder and economic collapse of Russian society, mass worker's strikes and the [[Kornilov affair]] to increase their popularity among—and ultimately control over—the [[Soviet (council)|Soviets]]. Volin lamented that the almost six-month gap between the February Revolution and the launch of ''Golos Truda'' in Russia as "a long and irreparable delay" for the anarchists; they now faced a difficult task, with the majority of the workers having been won over by the powerful, consolidated Bolshevik Party whose propaganda efforts dwarfed those of the anarchists.<ref name=volinc4/>
 
In Petrograd, the work of beginning publication was assisted by the nascent Anarchist-Syndicalist Propaganda Union, <ref name="rocker">[[Rudolf Rocker|Rocker, Rudolf]]. [http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/bright/voline/biography.html Foreword] to {{Harvnb|Volin|1974}}</ref> and the new paper bolstered the city's indigenous anarchist workers' movement.<ref>{{Cite book| last = Thorpe | first = Wayne | title = The Workers Themselves | publisher = Kluwer Academic | year = 1989 | isbn = 0-7923-0276-1 |page=59}}</ref> Its editorial staff included [[Maksim Rayevsky]], [[Vladimir Shatov]] (the [[Linotype machine|linotype]] operator),<ref name=aa/> [[Volin]],<ref name=av37>{{Harvnb|Avrich|2006|p=137}}</ref> [[Gregori Maksimov]], [[Alexander Schapiro]],<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://robertgraham.wordpress.com/2008/06/28/alexander-schapiro-anarchosyndicalism-and-anarchist-organization/ |authorlink=Robert Graham (historian) |last=Graham |first=Robert |title=Alexander Schapiro - Anarchosyndicalism and Anarchist Organization |work=Robert Graham's Anarchism Weblog |date=June 28, 2008 |accessdate=March 20, 2009}}</ref> and [[Vasya Swieda]].<ref name="iisg">{{Cite web|url=http://www.iisg.nl/archives/en/files/m/10760366full.php|title=G.P. Maksimov Papers|accessdate=March 22, 2009|work=iisg.nl|publisher=[[International Institute of Social History]]}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book| last = Avrich | first = Paul | authorlink=Paul Avrich |title = Anarchist Voices | publisher = [[AK Press]] | location = Stirling | year = 2005 | isbn = 1-904859-27-5 |oclc=64098230 |page=369}}</ref>
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