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5 619 bytes adicionados, 17h04min de 26 de novembro de 2018
|1=[[Progimnosperma]]s ([[Parafilético|P]]) †
|2=[[Spermatophyta]]}} }} }} }} }} }} }} }}
 
Um estudo filogenético das Embryophyta, baseado nas publicações de Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015,<ref>{{cite journal | author=Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni | year=2015 | title=Modern plant systematics | journal= | volume=| issue= | pages=685 | publisher=Liga-Pres| isbn=978-966-397-276-3 |doi=10.13140/RG.2.1.4745.6164}}</ref> com a taxonomia proposta por Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007<ref>{{cite journal | author=Anderson, Anderson & Cleal | year=2007 | title=Brief history of the gymnosperms: classification, biodiversity, phytogeography and ecology | journal=Strelitzia | volume=20 | issue= | pages=280 | publisher=SANBI| isbn=978-1-919976-39-6 |doi=}}</ref> e alguns nomes para os clados como proposto por Pelletier 2012 ''et al.''<ref>{{cite journal | author=Pelletier | year=2012 | title=Empire biota: taxonomy and evolution 2nd ed | journal= | volume= | issue= | pages=354 | publisher=Lulu.com| isbn=1329874005 |doi=}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.nl/books?id=S4LxB9MRdzMC&lpg=PA175&ots=TXbBRLkaZ_&dq=hemitracheophytes&pg=PA175#v=onepage&q=hemitracheophytes&f=false|title=The Tree of Life: A Phylogenetic Classification|last=Lecointre|first=Guillaume|last2=Guyader|first2=Hervé Le|date=2006|publisher=Harvard University Press|isbn=9780674021839|language=en}}</ref> e Puttick ''et al.'' e Nishiyama ''et al'' para os clados basais,<ref name=":0">{{Cite journal|last=Puttick|first=Mark N.|last2=Morris|first2=Jennifer L.|last3=Williams|first3=Tom A.|last4=Cox|first4=Cymon J.|last5=Edwards|first5=Dianne|last6=Kenrick|first6=Paul|last7=Pressel|first7=Silvia|last8=Wellman|first8=Charles H.|last9=Schneider|first9=Harald|date=2018|title=The Interrelationships of Land Plants and the Nature of the Ancestral Embryophyte|url=http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960982218300964|journal=Current Biology|volume=28|issue=5|pages=733–745.e2|doi=10.1016/j.cub.2018.01.063|via=}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Nishiyama|first=Tomoaki|last2=Wolf|first2=Paul G.|last3=Kugita|first3=Masanori|last4=Sinclair|first4=Robert B.|last5=Sugita|first5=Mamoru|last6=Sugiura|first6=Chika|last7=Wakasugi|first7=Tatsuya|last8=Yamada|first8=Kyoji|last9=Yoshinaga|first9=Koichi|date=2004-10-01|title=Chloroplast Phylogeny Indicates that Bryophytes Are Monophyletic|url=https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article/21/10/1813/1025181|journal=Molecular Biology and Evolution|language=en|volume=21|issue=10|pages=1813–1819|doi=10.1093/molbev/msh203|issn=0737-4038}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Gitzendanner|first=Matthew A.|last2=Soltis|first2=Pamela S.|last3=Wong|first3=Gane K.-S.|last4=Ruhfel|first4=Brad R.|last5=Soltis|first5=Douglas E.|date=2018|title=Plastid phylogenomic analysis of green plants: A billion years of evolutionary history|url=https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1048|journal=American Journal of Botany|language=en|volume=105|issue=3|pages=291–301|doi=10.1002/ajb2.1048|issn=0002-9122|via=}}</ref> conduz ao seguinte cladograma:
 
{{clade| style=font-size:80%;line-height:80%
|1={{Clade
|label1=[[Bryophyta]]
|1={{Clade
|1=[[Anthocerotophyta]] (antóceros)
|label2=[[Setaphyta]]
|2={{clade
|1=[[Musgos]]
|2=[[Marchantiophyta]] (hepáticas)
}}
}}
|label2=[[Polysporangiophyta]]
|2={{Clade
|1=?†[[Taeniocradales]] <small>Němejc 1963</small>
|2=†[[Horneophytopsida]] <small>Nemejc 1960</small>
|3={{Clade
|1=†''[[Aglaophyton]]'' <small>Edwards 1986</small>
|label2=[[Tracheophyta]]
|2={{Clade
|1=?†[[Yarraviales]] <small>Novak 1961</small>
|2=†[[Rhyniopsida]] <small>Kryshtofovich 1925</small>
|label3=[[Eutracheophyta]]
|3={{Clade
|1=?†[[Cooksoniales]] <small>Doweld 2001</small>
|2=?†[[Renaliaceae]] <small>Doweld 2001</small>
|3=[[Lycopodiophyta|Lycopodiophytina]] <small>Tippo sensu Ruggiero et al. 2015</small> (Clubmosses, Spikemosses & Quillworts)
|label4=[[Euphyllophytina]]
|4={{Clade
|1=†''[[Eophyllophyton]]'' <small>Hao & Beck 1993</small>
|2={{Clade
|1=†[[Trimerophyta|Trimerophytopsida]] <small>Foster & Gifford 1974</small>
|2={{Clade
|label1=[[Moniliformopses]]
|1=[[Polypodiophyta|Polypodiophytina]] <small>Reveal 1966 s.l.</small>(Ferns)
|label2=Radiatopses
|2={{Clade
|1=†''[[Pertica]]'' <small>Kasper & Andrews 1972</small>
|label2=[[Lignophyta]]
|2={{Clade
|1=?†[[Cecropsidales]] <small>Stubblefield 1969</small>|barbegin1=darkgreen
|2=?†[[Noeggerathiophyta|Noeggerathiopsida]] <small>Krysht. 1934</small>
|3=†[[Aneurophytophyta|Aneurophytopsida]] <small>Bierhorst ex Takhtajan 1978</small>
|label4=Metalignophytes
|4={{Clade
|1=†[[Archaeopteridales|Archaeopteridopsida]] <small>Takhtajan 1978</small>
|2={{Clade
|1=†[[Protopityales]] <small>Nemejc 1963</small>|barend1=darkgreen
|2=[[Spermatophyta|Spermatophytina]] (Seed plants)
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
|label1=[[Embryophyta]]}}
=== Outras considerações ===
{{AP|Plantae}}