Prémio PEN/Faulkner de Ficção

O Prémio PEN/Faulkner de Ficção é atribuído anualmente pela Fundação PEN/Faulkner aos autores vivos norte-americanos dos melhores trabalhos de ficção do ano.[1] O vencedor recebe 15,000 dólares americanos e cada um dos nomeados recebe 5000 dólares americanos. Os finalistas lêm as suas obras na cerimónia de apresentação na Great Hall da Biblioteca Folger Shakespeare em Washington, D.C.. A organização afirma que é o "maior prémio revisto por um júri do país."[1] O prémio iniciou-se em 1981.[2]

A Fundação PEN/Faulkner é uma consequência da generosidade de William Faulkner na utilização do valor pecuniário do seu Prémio Nobel de 1949 para a criação da Fundação William Faulkner; um dos objectivos de caridade da fundação era "criar um fundo de apoio e encorajamento a novos escritores de ficção." O primeiro prémio da fundação para um "primeiro romance notável" chamado Prémio da Fundação William Faulkner, foi atribuído a John Knowles por A Separate Peace em 1961. A fundação foi extinta em 1970.

Mary Lee Settle foi uma das fundadores do prémio PEN/Faulkner após a controvérsia do National Book Award de 1979, quando a PEN votou um boicote a este prémio com o fundamento que este era muito comercial.[2][3] É afiliado com a organização dos escritores International PEN.

O prémio é um dos muitos prémios da PEN patrocinado pelas afiliadas da International PEN em mais de 145 centros PEN por todo o mundo.

Prémio PEN/Faulkner de FicçãoEditar

  • 1983 - Toby Olson, Seaview
    • Maureen Howard, Grace Abounding
    • Bobbie Ann Mason, Shiloh and Other Stories
    • George Steiner, The Portage to San Cristobal of A.H.
    • Anne Tyler, Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant
    • William S. Wilson, Birthplace
  • 1984 - John Edgar Wideman, Sent for You Yesterday
    • Ron Hansen, The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford
    • William Kennedy, Ironweed
    • Jamaica Kincaid, At the Bottom of the River
    • Bernard Malamud, The Stories
    • Cynthia Ozick, The Cannibal Galaxy
  • 1986 - Peter Taylor, The Old Forest and Other Stories
    • William Gaddis, Carpenter's Gothic
    • Larry McMurtry, Lonesome Dove
    • Hugh Nissenson, The Tree of Life
    • Helen Norris, The Christmas Wife: Stories
    • Grace Paley, Later the Same Day
  • 1987 - Richard Wiley, Soldiers in Hiding
    • Richard Ford, The Sportswriter
    • Charles R. Johnson, The Sorcerer's Apprentice
    • Janet Kauffman, Collaborators
    • Maureen Howard, Expensive Habits
  • 1988 - T. Coraghessan Boyle, World's End
    • Richard Bausch, Spirits, And Other Stories
    • Alice McDermott, That Night
    • Cynthia Ozick, The Messiah of Stockholm
    • Lawrence Thornton, Imagining Argentina
  • 1989 - James Salter, Dusk and Other Stories
    • Mary McGarry Morris, Vanished
    • Thomas Savage, The Corner of Rife and Pacific
    • Isaac Bashevis Singer, The Death of Methuselah and Other Stories
  • 1990 - E.L. Doctorow, Billy Bathgate
    • Russell Banks, Affliction
    • Molly Gloss, The Jump-Off Creek
    • Josephine Jacobsen, On the Island: New and Selected Stories
    • Lynne Sharon Schwartz, Leaving Brooklyn
  • 1991 - John Edgar Wideman, Philadelphia Fire
    • Paul Auster, The Music of Chance
    • Joanne Meschery, A Gentleman's Guide to the Frontier
    • Steven Millhauser, The Barnum Museum
    • Joanna Scott. Arrogance
  • 1992 - Don DeLillo, Mao II
    • Stephen Dixon, Frog
    • Paul Gervais (writer), Extraordinary People
    • Allan Gurganus, White People
  • 1993 - E. Annie Proulx, Postcards
    • Robert Olen Butler, A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain
    • Francisco Goldman, The Long Night of White Chickens
    • Maureen Howard, Natural History
    • Sylvia Watanabe, Talking to the Dead
  • 1994 - Philip Roth, Operation Shylock
    • Stanley Elkin, Van Gogh's Room at Arles
    • Dagoberto Gilb, The Magic of Blood
    • Fae Myenne Ng, Bone
    • Kate Wheeler, Not Where I Started From
  • 1995 - David Guterson, Snow Falling on Cedars
    • Frederick Busch, The Children in the Woods
    • Ursula Hegi, Stones from the River
    • Joyce Carol Oates, What I Lived For
    • Joanna Scott, Various Antidotes
  • 1996 - Richard Ford, Independence Day
    • Madison Smartt Bell, All Souls' Rising
    • William H. Gass, The Tunnel
    • Claire Messud, When The World Was Steady
    • A.J. Verdelle, The Good Negress
  • 1997 - Gina Berriault, Women in Their Beds
    • Daniel Akst, St. Burl's Obituary
    • Kathleen Cambor, The Book of Mercy
    • Ron Hansen, Atticus
    • Jamaica Kincaid, The Autobiography of My Mother
  • 1998 - Rafi Zabor, The Bear Comes Home
    • Donald Antrim, The Hundred Brothers
    • Rilla Askew, The Mercy Seat
    • Mary Gaitskill, Because They Wanted To
    • Francisco Goldman, The Ordinary Seaman
  • 1999 - Michael Cunningham, The Hours
    • Russell Banks, Cloudsplitter
    • Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible
    • Brian Morton, Starting Out in the Evening
    • Richard Selzer, The Doctor Stories
  • 2000 - Ha Jin, Waiting
    • Frederick Busch, The Night Inspector
    • Ken Kalfus, Pu-239 And Other Russian Fantasies
    • Elizabeth Strout, Amy And Isabelle
    • Lily Tuck, Siam, or the Woman Who Shot a Man
  • 2004 - John Updike, The Early Stories: 1953–1975
    • Frederick Barthelme, Elroy Nights
    • ZZ Packer, Drinking Coffee Elsewhere
    • Caryl Phillips, A Distant Shore
    • Tobias Wolff, Old School
  • 2005 - Ha Jin, Despojos de Guerra - no original War Trash
    • Jerome Charyn, The Green Lantern
    • Edwidge Danticat, The Dew Breaker
    • Marilynne Robinson, Gilead
    • Steve Yarbrough, Prisoners of War
  • 2006 - E.L. Doctorow, The March
    • Karen Fisher, A Sudden Country
    • William Henry Lewis, I Got Somebody in Staunton
    • James Salter, Last Night
    • Bruce Wagner, The Chrysanthemum Palace
  • 2007 - Philip Roth, Everyman
    • Charles D'Ambrosio, The Dead Fish Museum
    • Deborah Eisenberg, Twilight of the Superheroes
    • Amy Hempel, The Collected Stories of Amy Hempel
    • Edward P. Jones, All Aunt Hagar's Children
  • 2008 - Kate Christensen, The Great Man
    • Annie Dillard, The Maytrees
    • David Leavitt, The Indian Clerk
    • T. M. McNally, The Gateway
    • Ron Rash, Chemistry and Other Stories
  • 2010 - Sherman Alexie, War Dances
    • Barbara Kingsolver, The Lacuna
    • Lorraine Lopéz, Homicide Survivors Picnic
    • Lorrie Moore, A Gate at the Stairs
    • Colson Whitehead, Sag Harbor
  • 2011 - Deborah Eisenberg, The Collected Stories of Deborah Eisenberg
    • Jennifer Egan, A Visit from the Goon Squad
    • Jaimy Gordon, Lord of Misrule
    • Eric Puchner, Model Home
    • Brad Watson, Aliens in the Prime of Their Lives: Stories
  • 2012 - Julie Otsuka, The Buddha in the Attic
    • Russell Banks, Lost Memory of Skin
    • Don DeLillo, The Angel Esmeralda
    • Anita Desai, The Artist of Disappearance
    • Steven Millhauser, We Others: New and Selected Stories
  • 2013 - Benjamin Alire Sáenz, Everything Begins and Ends at the Kentucky Club
    • Amelia Gray, THREATS
    • Laird Hunt, Kind One
    • T. Geronimo Johnson, Hold It 'Til It Hurts
    • Thomas Mallon, Watergate
  • 2014 - Karen Joy Fowler, We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves
    • Daniel Alarcón, At Night We Walk in Circles
    • Percival Everett, Percival Everett by Virgil Russell
    • Joan Silber, Fools
    • Valerie Trueblood, Search Party: Stories of Rescue
  • 2015 - Atticus Lish, Preparation for the Next Life[5]
    • Jeffrey Renard Allen, Song of the Shank
    • Jennifer Clement, Prayers for the Stolen
    • Emily St. John Mandel, Station Eleven
    • Jenny Offill, Dept. of Speculation
  • 2016 - Scott Blackwood, See How Small[6]
    • Adam Johnson, Fortune Smiles
    • Joy Williams, The Visiting Privilege
  • 2017 - Imbolo Mbue, Behold the Dreamers
    • Viet Dinh, After Disasters
    • Louise Erdrich, LaRose
    • Garth Greenwell, What Belongs to You
    • Sunil Yapa, Your Heart is a Muscle the Size of a Fist
  • 2018 - Joan Silber, Improvement
    • Hernan Diaz, In the Distance
    • Samantha Hunt, The Dark Dark
    • Achy Obejas, The Tower of the Antilles
    • Jesmyn Ward, Sing, Unburied, Sing

Referências

  1. a b «Award for Fiction». PEN/Faulkner Foundation. Consultado em 21 de Julho de 2011. Arquivado do original em 25 de julho de 2011  Erro de citação: Código <ref> inválido; o nome "PEN" é definido mais de uma vez com conteúdos diferentes
  2. a b Albin Krebs and Robert Thomas (18 de abril de 1981). «Notes on People; New York Writer Getting PEN/Faulkner Award». New York Times. Consultado em 29 de agosto de 2012 
  3. Matt Schudel (29 de setembro de 2005). «Novelist Mary Lee Settle; Founded PEN/Faulkner Award». Washington Post 
  4. "Past Winners and Finalists," last modified 2015, http://www.penfaulkner.org/award-for-fiction/past-award-winners-finalists/
  5. Ron Charles (7 de abril de 2015). «Atticus Lish wins PEN/Faulkner Award». Washington Post. Consultado em 7 de abril de 2015 
  6. «Cópia arquivada». Consultado em 13 de outubro de 2016. Arquivado do original em 19 de outubro de 2016