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Prêmio Lemelson–MIT

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Este artigo ou seção está a ser traduzido de «Lemelson–MIT Prize» na Wikipédia em inglês (desde janeiro de 2012). Ajude e colabore com a tradução.

A Fundação Lemelson concede anualmente diversos prêmios nos Estados Unidos. O mais significativo deles é o Prêmio Lemelson–MIT (em inglês: Lemelson-MIT Prize), estabelecido em 1994 por Jerome H. Lemelson, administrado pelo Instituto de Tecnologia de Massachusetts. O laureado recebe 500 mil dólares, o que o torna a maior premiação financeira para invenção dos Estados Unidos.


LaureadosEditar

1995Editar

1996Editar

  • Stanley Norman Cohen (Co-recipient, Lemelson-MIT Prize) for the development of methods to combine and transplant genes.
  • Herbert Boyer (Co-recipient, Lemelson-MIT Prize) for the development of methods to combine and transplant genes.
  • Wilson Greatbatch (Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award) for the development of batteries for the early implantable cardiac pacemakers.
  • David Levy (Lemelson-MIT Student Prize)

1997Editar

  • Douglas Engelbart (Lemelson-MIT Prize) for his invention of the computer mouse.
  • Gertrude Elion (Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award) for the following inventions:
    • 6-mercaptopurine (Purinethol), the first treatment for leukemia.
    • azathioprine (Imuran), the first immuno-suppressive agent, used for organ transplants.
    • allopurinol (Zyloprim), for gout.
    • pyrimethamine (Daraprim), for malaria.
    • trimethoprim (Septra), for meningitis, septicemia, and bacterial infections of the urinary and respiratory tracts.
    • acyclovir (Zovirax), for viral herpes.
  • Nathan Kane (Lemelson-MIT Student Prize)

1998Editar

  • Robert Langer (Lemelson-MIT Prize)
  • Jacob Rabinow (Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award) for the first disc-shaped magnetic storage media for computers, the magnetic particle clutch, the first straight-line phonograph, the first self-regulating clock, and a "reading machine" which was the first to use the "best match" principle.
  • Akhil Madhani (Lemelson-MIT Student Prize)

1999Editar

2000Editar

2001Editar

2002Editar

2003Editar

2004Editar

2005Editar

  • Woody Norris (Lemelson-MIT Prize) for his invention of a hypersonic sound system, which allows sound to be focused with laser-like precision.
  • Robert Heath Dennard (Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award)
  • David Berry (Lemelson-MIT Student Prize)

2006Editar

2007Editar

2008Editar

2009Editar

2010Editar

  • Carolyn Bertozzi (Lemelson–MIT Prize)
  • BP Agrawal (Lemelson–MIT Award for Sustainability)

2011Editar

2012Editar

2013Editar

2014Editar

2015Editar

2016Editar

Ligações externasEditar