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Este artigo ou seção está a ser traduzido de «Shaw Prize» na Wikipédia em inglês. Ajude e colabore com a tradução.


O Prêmio Shaw é uma condecoração da Fundação Prêmio Shaw, concedido pela primeira vez em 2004. Foi estabelecido em 2002, em Hong Kong.

Prêmio Shaw
Descrição Contribuições destacadas em astronomia, biologia e medicina, e matemática
Apresentação Fundação Prêmio Shaw
País  Hong Kong
Primeira cerimónia 2004
Sítio oficial
Geoffrey Marcy, um dos ganhadores do prêmio de astronomia de 2005
Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess e Brian Schmidt (da esquerda para a direita) ganharam conjuntamente o prêmio de astronomia de 2006
Richard Doll, um dos ganhadores do prêmio de biologia e medicina de 2004
Shiing-Shen Chern, ganhador do prêmio de matemática de 2004
Andrew John Wiles, ganhador do prêmio de matemática de 2005
Vladimir Arnold, um dos ganhadores do prêmio de matemática de 2008


Índice

Agraciados[1]Editar

AstronomiaEditar

Ano Laureado[a] Nacionalidade[b] Fundamentação[c] Refs.
2004 Peebles, JamesJames Peebles   Canadá por suas contribuições à cosmologia [2][3]
2005 Marcy, GeoffreyGeoffrey Marcy   Estados Unidos por suas contribuições que levaram à descoberta de sistemas planetários [4][5]
Mayor, MichelMichel Mayor   Suíça
2006 Perlmutter, SaulSaul Perlmutter   Estados Unidos por encontrar a taxa de expansão da aceleração do universo e a densidade de energia do espaço [6][7]
Riess, AdamAdam Riess
Schmidt, BrianBrian Schmidt   Austrália
2007 Goldreich, PeterPeter Goldreich   Estados Unidos for his achievements in theoretical astrophysics and planetary sciences [8][9]
2008 Genzel, ReinhardReinhard Genzel   Alemanha for demonstrating that the Milky Way's centre contains a supermassive black hole [10][11]
2009 Shu, FrankFrank Shu (徐遐生)   Estados Unidos for his life-long contributions to theoretical astronomy [12][13]
2010 Bennett, Charles LeonardCharles Leonard Bennett for their contributions to the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe experiment, which helps to determine the geometry, age and composition of the universe [14]
Page Jr., Lyman A.Lyman A. Page Jr.
Spergel, David N.David N. Spergel
2011 Costa, EnricoEnrico Costa   Itália for their leadership of space missions that enabled the demonstration of the cosmological origin of gamma ray bursts, the brightest sources known in the universe. [15]
Fishman, GeraldGerald Fishman   Estados Unidos
2012 Jewitt, DavidDavid Jewitt for their discovery and characterization of trans-Neptunian bodies, an archeological treasure dating back to the formation of the solar system and the long-sought source of short period comets. [16]
Luu, JaneJane Luu
2013 Balbus, StevenSteven Balbus for their discovery and study of the magnetorotational instability, and for demonstrating that this instability leads to turbulence and is a viable mechanism for angular momentum transport in astrophysical accretion disks. [17]
Hawley, John FrederickJohn Frederick Hawley
2014 Eisenstein, DanielDaniel Eisenstein for their contributions to the measurements of features in the large-scale structure of galaxies used to constrain the cosmological model including baryon acoustic oscillations and redshift-space distortions. [18]
Cole, ShaunShaun Cole   Reino Unido
Peacock, John AndrewJohn Andrew Peacock
2015 Borucki, WilliamWilliam Borucki   Estados Unidos for his conceiving and leading the Kepler mission, which greatly advanced knowledge of both extrasolar planetary systems and stellar interiors. [19]
2016 Drever, RonaldRonald Drever   Estados Unidos for conceiving and designing the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), whose recent direct detection of gravitational waves opens a new window in astronomy, with the first remarkable discovery being the merger of a pair of stellar mass black holes. [20]
Thorne, KipKip Thorne   Estados Unidos
Weiss, RainerRainer Weiss   Estados Unidos

Biologia e MedicinaEditar

Ano Laureado[a] Nacionalidade[b] Fundamentação[c] Refs.
2004[d] Cohen, Stanley NormanStanley Norman Cohen   Estados Unidos for their contributions to DNA cloning and genetic engineering [3][21]
Boyer, HerbertHerbert Boyer
Kan, Yuet-WaiYuet-Wai Kan for his works on DNA polymorphism [3][22]
2004[d] Doll, RichardRichard Doll   Reino Unido for his contributions to the epidemiology of cancer [3][23]
2005 Berridge, MichaelMichael Berridge for his works on calcium signalling, a process that regulate the activity of cells [24][25]
2006 Wang, XiaodongXiaodong Wang   Estados Unidos for his works on programmed cell death [26][27]
2007 Lefkowitz, RobertRobert Lefkowitz for his works on G protein-coupled receptor [28][29]
2008[e] Campbell, KeithKeith Campbell   Reino Unido for their works on the cell differentiation in mammals, a process that advances our knowledge of developmental biology [11][30]
Wilmut, IanIan Wilmut
Yamanaka, ShinyaShinya Yamanaka   Japão
2009 Coleman, Douglas LeonardDouglas Leonard Coleman   Estados Unidos for their discovery of leptin [13][31]
Friedman, Jeffrey MichaelJeffrey Michael Friedman
2010 Julius, DavidDavid Julius for his discovery of molecular mechanisms by which the skin senses painful stimuli [14]
2011 Hoffmann, JulesJules Hoffmann   França for their discovery of the molecular mechanism of innate immunity, the first line of defense against pathogens. [32]
Medzhitov, RuslanRuslan Medzhitov   Estados Unidos
Beutler, BruceBruce Beutler
2012 Hartl, Franz-UlrichFranz-Ulrich Hartl   Alemanha for their contributions to the understanding of the molecular mechanism of protein folding. Proper protein folding is essential for many cellular functions. [33]
Horwich, ArthurArthur Horwich   Estados Unidos
2013 Hall, JeffreyJeffrey Hall for their discovery of molecular mechanisms underlying circadian rhythms. [34]
Rosbash, MichaelMichael Rosbash
Young, Michael WarrenMichael Warren Young
2014 Mori, KazutoshiKazutoshi Mori   Japão for their discovery of the Unfolded Protein Response of the endoplasmic reticulum, a cell signalling pathway that controls organelle homeostasis and quality of protein export in eukaryotic cells. [18]
Walter, PeterPeter Walter   Estados Unidos
2015 Bassler, BonnieBonnie Bassler   Estados Unidos for their discovery of quorum sensing, a process whereby bacteria communicate with each other and which offers innovative ways to interfere with bacterial pathogens or to modulate the microbiome for health applications. [19]
Greenberg, Everett PeterEverett Peter Greenberg   Estados Unidos
2016 Bird, AdrianAdrian Bird   Reino Unido for their discovery of the genes and the encoded proteins that recognize one chemical modification of the DNA of chromosomes that influences gene control as the basis of the developmental disorder Rett syndrome. [20]
Zoghbi, HudaHuda Zoghbi   Estados Unidos

MatemáticaEditar

Ano Laureado[a] Nacionalidade[b] Fundamentação[c] Refs.
2004 Chern, Shiing-ShenShiing-Shen Chern   China pelo seu início e pioneirismo da geometria diferencial global [35][36]
2005 Wiles, Andrew JohnAndrew John Wiles   Estados Unidos por sua prova do último teorema de Fermat [37][38]
2006 Mumford, DavidDavid Mumford por suas contribuições à teoria dos padrões e pesquisas sobre a visão computacional [39][40]
Wu, WentsunWentsun Wu   China por suas contribuições à mecanização matemática [39][40]
2007 Langlands, RobertRobert Langlands   Canadá pelo desenvolvimento do programa Langlands, que conecta números primos com simetria [41][42]
Taylor, RichardRichard Taylor   Reino Unido
2008 Arnold, VladimirVladimir Arnold   Rússia por suas contribuções à física matemática [11][43]
Faddeev, LudvigLudvig Faddeev
2009 Donaldson, SimonSimon Donaldson   Reino Unido por suas contribuições para a geometria de 3 e 4 dimensões [13][44]
Taubes, CliffordClifford Taubes   Estados Unidos
2010 Bourgain, JeanJean Bourgain   Bélgica por seu trabalho em análise matemática e sua aplicação a campos abrangendo desde equações diferenciais parciaia até ciência da computação teórica [14]
2011 Christodoulou, DemetriosDemetrios Christodoulou   Grécia for their highly innovative works on nonlinear partial differential equations in Lorentzian and Riemannian geometry and their applications to general relativity and topology. [45]
Hamilton, RichardRichard Hamilton   Estados Unidos
2012 Kontsevich, MaximMaxim Kontsevich   Rússia for his pioneering works in algebra, geometry and mathematical physics and in particular deformation quantization, motivic integration and mirror symmetry. [46]
2013 Donoho, DavidDavid Donoho   Estados Unidos for his profound contributions to modern mathematical statistics and in particular the development of optimal algorithms for statistical estimation in the presence of noise and of efficient techniques for sparse representation and recovery in large data-sets. [47]
2014 Lusztig, George George Lusztig for his fundamental contributions to algebra, algebraic geometry, and representation theory, and for weaving these subjects together to solve old problems and reveal beautiful new connections. [18]
2015 Faltings, GerdGerd Faltings   Alemanha for their introduction and development of fundamental tools in number theory, allowing them as well as others to resolve some longstanding classical problems. [19]
Iwaniec, HenrykHenryk Iwaniec   Estados Unidos
2016 Hitchin, NigelNigel Hitchin   Reino Unido for his far reaching contributions to geometry, representation theory and theoretical physics. The fundamental and elegant concepts and techniques that he has introduced have had wide impact and are of lasting importance. [20]

NotasEditar

  • a The form and spelling of the names in the name column is according to shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. Alternative spellings and name forms, where they exist, are given at the articles linked from this column.
  • b The information in the country column is according to shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. This information may not necessarily reflect the recipient's birthplace or citizenship.
  • c The rationale for each award is quoted (not always in full) from shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation.
  • d Two prizes were awarded for the life science and medicine category in 2004: Stanley N. Cohen, Herbert W. Boyer and Yuet-Wai Kan jointly received one of the prizes (half went to Cohen and Boyer; the other half went to Kan). Richard Doll received the other prize.[48][49]
  • e Half of the 2008 life science and medicine prize went to Keith H. S. Campbell and Ian Wilmut; the other half went to Shinya Yamanaka.

Referências

  1. «Shaw Laureates (2004-2016)» (em inglês). The Shaw Prize Foundation. Consultado em 23 de novembro de 2016. Cópia arquivada em 1 de novembro de 2016 
  2. «P. James E. Peebles». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  3. a b c d «Shaw Prize awarded to six scientists». Government of Hong Kong. September 7, 2004. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  4. «Geoffrey Marcy and Michel Mayor». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  5. Sanders, Robert (September 1, 2005). «Planet hunter Geoffrey Marcy shares $1 million Shaw Prize in astronomy». UC Berkeley. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  6. «Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess and Brian Schmidt». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  7. «Berkeley physicist Perlmutter wins Shaw Prize for work on expansion of universe». UC Berkeley. June 22, 2006. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  8. «Peter Goldreich». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  9. «Caltech Astrophysicist Peter Goldreich Wins $1 Million International Shaw Prize». California Institue of Technology. June 12, 2007. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  10. «Reinhard Genzel». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  11. a b c Viñas, Maria José (June 10, 2008). «6 Professors to Share $1-Million Shaw Prizes». The Chronicle of Higher Education. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  12. «Frank H Shu». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  13. a b c Beja, Marc (June 16, 2009). «$1-Million Shaw Prizes Go to 5 Researchers». The Chronicle of Higher Education. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  14. a b c «Shaw Prize Announcement 2010». shawprize.org. Consultado em May 27, 2010  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  15. «Announcement and Citation - Astronomy - 2011 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize». shawprize.org. Consultado em June 07, 2011  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  16. «Announcement and Citation - Astronomy - 2012 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize». Consultado em May 29, 2012  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  17. Shaw Prizes 2013
  18. a b c Shaw Prizes 2014
  19. a b c Shaw Prizes 2015
  20. a b c Shaw Prizes 2016
  21. «Stanley N. Cohen and Herbert W. Boyer». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  22. «Yuet-Wai Kan». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  23. «Sir Richard Doll». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  24. «Sir Michael Berridge». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  25. «$1 million 'Nobel of the East' awarded to Sir Michael Berridge, Emeritus Fellow at the Babraham Institute». Babraham Institute. July 18, 2005. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  26. «Xiaodong Wang». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  27. «Xiaodong Wang Wins $1 Million Shaw Prize». Howard Hughes Medical Institute. June 22, 2006. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  28. «Robert Lefkowitz». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  29. «Robert J. Lefkowitz Wins $1 Million Shaw Prize». Howard Hughes Medical Institute. June 12, 2007. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  30. «Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and Shinya Yamanaka». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  31. «Douglas L Coleman and Jeffrey M Friedman». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  32. «Announcement and Citation - Life Science and Medicine - 2011 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize». shawprize.org. Consultado em June 07, 2011  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  33. «Announcement and Citation - Life Science and Medicine - 2012 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize». Consultado em May 29, 2012  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  34. Shaw Prizes 2013
  35. «Shiing-Shen Chern». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  36. Sanders, Robert (December 6, 2004). «Renowned mathematician Shiing-Shen Chern, who revitalized the study of geometry, has died at 93 in Tianjin, China». UC Berkeley. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  37. «Andrew John Wiles». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  38. «Institute For Advanced Study Congratulates 2005 Shaw Prize Laureate Andrew Wiles». Institute for Advanced Study. June 7, 2005. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  39. a b «David Mumford and Wu Wentsun». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  40. a b «UT Southwestern biochemist wins $1 million research prize for cell death, cancer insights». UT Southwestern Medical Center. June 21, 2006. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  41. «Robert Langlands and Richard Taylor». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  42. «Two Faculty Members Named 2007 Shaw Prize Laureates». Institute for Advanced Study. June 13, 2007. Consultado em October 31, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda)
  43. «Vladimir Arnold and Ludwig Faddeev». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  44. «Simon K Donaldson and Clifford H Taubes». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 27, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  45. «Announcement and Citation - Mathematical Sciences - 2011 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize». shawprize.org. Consultado em June 07, 2011  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  46. «Announcement and Citation - Mathematics - 2012 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize». Consultado em May 29, 2012  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  47. Shaw Prizes 2013
  48. «The Shaw Laureates (2004 – 2009)» (PDF). shawprize.org. Consultado em October 29, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)
  49. «Press release of the 2004 Shaw Prize announcement». shawprize.org. Consultado em October 29, 2009  Verifique data em: |acessodata= (ajuda)