Usuário:JP Watrin/Esboço 4
The orchestra was founded in 1900 by Ferdinand Löwe as the Vienna Concert Society (German: Wiener Concertverein). In 1913 it moved into the Vienna Konzerthaus. In 1919 it merged with the Tonkünstler Orchestra. In 1933 it acquired its current name. Despite a lull in concert attendance after the introduction of the radio during the 1920s, the orchestra survived until the invasion of Austria in 1938 and became incorporated into the German Culture Orchestras. As such, they were used for purposes of propaganda until, depleted by assignments to work in munitions factories, the orchestra closed down on September 1 1944.
Their first post-war concert occurred on September 16 1945, performing Mahler's Third Symphony. Under the direction of Josef Krips, they quickly rebuilt a modern repertoire after ten years of isolation and travelled to the Bregenz Festival for the first time in the summer of 1946.
1946 marked the beginning of the tenure of maestro Herbert von Karajan who, though not principal conductor, worked with the VSO in the "Karajan Series" of concerts, going on extensive tours throughout Europe and North America. In 1959 the VSO performed for Pope John XXIII at Vatican City leading up to the debut of maestro Wolfgang Sawallisch.
Krips returned in the interim between Sawallisch's departure and the arrival of Carlo Maria Giulini as principal conductor. In the 1980s Georges Prêtre took over the maestro's podium and increased the number of concerts on the VSO's schedule as well as infused their repertoire with French music.
- Fabio Luisi (2005–)
- Vladimir Fedoseyev (1997–2005)
- Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos (1991–1996)
- Georges Prêtre (1986–1991) (first guest conductor)
- Gennady Rozhdestvensky (1980–1982)
- Carlo Maria Giulini (1973–1976)
- Josef Krips (1970–1973) (artistic advisor)
- Wolfgang Sawallisch (1960–1970)
- Herbert von Karajan (1948–1960) (as director of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde)
- Hans Swarowsky (1946–1948)
- Oswald Kabasta (1933–????)
- Wilhelm Furtwängler (1920s)(as director of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde)
- Ferdinand Löwe (1900–1925)