Edward Bond (Holloway, 18 de Julho de 19343 de março de 2024) foi um dramaturgo, poeta e argumentista britânico.[1] Iniciou-se em 1958 ao integrar o grupo de escrita do Royal Court Theatre, em Londres. É o autor da peça Saved (1965).[1]

Edward Bond
Edward Bond
Nascimento 18 de julho de 1934
Holloway, Londres, Reino Unido
Morte 3 de março de 2024 (89 anos)
Great Wilbraham
Cidadania Reino Unido
Cônjuge Elisabeth Pablé
Ocupação escritor, roteirista, dramaturga, poeta, encenador, libretista

Vida editar

Foi autor de cerca de 50 peças, entre elas Saved (1965), cuja produção foi fundamental para a abolição da censura teatral no Reino Unido. Seus outros trabalhos bem recebidos incluem Narrow Road to the Deep North (1968), Lear (1971), The Sea (1973), The Fool (1975), Restoration (1981) e a trilogia War (1985). Bond foi amplamente considerado entre os principais dramaturgos vivos mas ele sempre foi e continua sendo altamente controverso por causa da violência mostrada em suas peças, o radicalismo de suas declarações sobre o teatro e a sociedade modernos, e suas teorias sobre o drama.[2][3]

Morte editar

Bond morreu em 3 de março de 2024, aos 89 anos.[4]

Lista de obras editar

Peças

(Datas de escrita, seguidas do diretor, local e data de estreia mundial, se houver)

  • The Pope's Wedding (1961–62) Keith Johnstone, Royal Court Theatre, Londres, 9 Dez. 1962
  • Saved (1964) William Gaskill, English Stage Society, Royal Court Theatre, Londres, 3 Nov. 1965
  • Early Morning (1965–1967) William Gaskill, English Stage Society, Royal Court Theatre London, 31 Mar. 1968
  • Narrow Road to the Deep North (1968) Jane Howell, Belgrade Theatre, Coventry, 24 Jun. 1968
  • Black Mass (1970) David Jones, Lyceum Theatre, Londres, 22 Mar. 1970
  • Passion "a Play for CND" (1971) Bill Bryden, au CND Festival of Life on Easter, Alexandra Park Racecourse, 11 Abr.1971
  • Lear (1969–1971) William Gaskill, Royal Court Theatre London, 29 Set, 1971
  • The Sea "a comedy" (1971–72) William Gaskill, Royal Court Theatre London, 22 Mai. 1973
  • Bingo "scenes of money and death" (1973) Jane Howell & John Dove, Northcott Theatre, Nov. Exeter, 14 1973
  • The Fool "scenes of bread and love" (1974) Peter Gill, Royal Court Theatre London, 18 Nov. 1975
  • A-A-America !: Grandma Faust "a burlesque" and The Swing "a documentary" (1976) Jack Emery, Inter-Action's Ambiance Lunch-Hour Theatre Club, Almost Free Theatre, Londres. Grandma Faust: 25 Out.; The Swing: 22 Nov. 1976
  • Stone "a short Play" (1976) Gerald Chapman, Gay Sweatshop, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Londres, 8 Jun. 1976
  • The Woman "scenes of war and freedom" (1974–1977) Edward Bond, National Theatre (Olivier Stage), Londres, 10 Ago. 1978
  • The Bundle or New Narrow Road to the Deep North (1977) Howard Davies, Royal Shakespeare Company, The Warehouse Theatre, Londres, 13 Jan.1978
  • The Worlds (1979) Edward Bond, Newcastle University Theatre Society, Newcastle Playhouse, 8 Mar. 1979
  • Restoration "a pastorale" (1979–80) Edward Bond, Royal Court Theatre, Londres, 22 Jul. 1981
  • Summer "a European play" (1980–81) Edward Bond, National Theatre (Cottlesloe Stage), Londres, 27 Jan.1982
  • Derek (1982) Nick Hamm, Royal Shakespeare Company, The Other Place, Stratford On Avon, 18 Out. 1982
  • Human Cannon (1979–1983) Dan Baron Cohen, Quantum Theatre Company, Manchester, 2 February 1986
  • The War Plays: Red Black and Ignorant (1983–84) Nick Hamm (as The Unknown Citizen), Royal Shakespeare Company, pour le festival "Thoughtcrimes", Barbican Pit, Londres, 19 Jan.1984; The Tin Can People (1984) Nick Philippou, Bread and Circus Theatre, Midlands Art Centre, Birmingham, 4 Mai. 1984; Great Peace (1984–85) Nick Hamm, Royal Shakespeare Company, Barbican Pit, Londres, 17 Jul. 1985; premiered as a trilogy: Nick Hamm, Royal Shakespeare Company, Barbican Pit, Londres, 25 Jul. 1985
  • Jackets or The Secret Hand (1986) Keith Sturgess, Department of Theatre Studies, University of Lancaster, Nuffield studio, Lancaster, 24 Jan.1989
  • In the Company of Men (1987–88) Alain Françon (as La Compagnie des hommes), Théâtre de la Ville, Paris, 29 Set. 1992
  • September (1989) Greg Doran, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, 16 Set. 1989
  • Olly's Prison (1990) (stage version) Jorge Lavelli (as Maison d'arrêt), Festival d'Avignon, 15 Jul. 1993
  • Tuesday (stage version) Claudia Stavisky (as Mardi), Théâtre de la Colline, Paris, 23 Nov. 1995
  • Coffee "a tragedy" (1993–94) Dan Baron Cohen, The Rational Theatre Company, Chapter Art Centre, Cardiff, 27 Nov. 1996
  • At the Inland Sea (1995) Geoff Gillham, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, Broadway School, Aston, Birmingham, 16 Out. 1995
  • Eleven Vests (1995–1997) Geoff Gillham, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, Birmingham, 7 Out. 1997
  • The Crime of the twenty-first Century (1996–1998) Leander Haussman (as Das Verbrechen des 21. Jahrhunderts), Schauspielhaus, Bochum, 28 Mai. 1999
  • The Children (1999) Claudette Bryanston, Classwork Theatre, Manor Community College, Cambridge, 11 February 2000
  • Have I None (2000) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre-in-Education Company, Birmingham, 2 Nov. 2000
  • Existence (2002) (stage version) Christian Benedetti, Studio Théâtre, Alfortville, 28 Out. 2002
  • Born (2002–03) Alain Françon (as Naître), Festival d'Avignon, 10 Jul. 2006
  • The Balancing Act (2003) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, Birmingham, Out. 2003
  • The Short Electra (2003–04) John Doona, Young People Drama Festival, 13 Mar. 2004
  • People (2005), Alain Françon (as "Les Gens") Théâtre Gérard Philipe, Paris, 13 Jan.2014
  • The Under Room (2005) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, 9 Out. 2005
  • Chair, stage version (2005) Alain Françon (as Chaise) Festival d'Avignon, 18 Jul. 2006
  • Arcade (2006) John Doona, Chester, 21 Set. 2006
  • Tune (2006) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, 2007
  • Innocence (2008), não realizada
  • A Window (2009) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, 12 Out. 2009
  • There Will Be More (2010) (early version of the first part of Dea) Adam Spreadbury-Maher, Good Night Out Presents, The Cock Tavern Theatre, 26 Out. 2010
  • The Edge (2011) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, 15 Out. 2012
  • The Broken Bowl (2012) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, 24 Abril 2012
  • The Angry Roads (2014) Chris Cooper, Big Brum Theatre in Education Company, 6 Out. 2014
  • The Price of One (2016) Chris Cooper, Unifaun Theatre Productions & Teatru Manoel, Manoel Theatre, Valletta (Malta), 8 Abril 2016
  • Dea (2016) Edward Bond, Secombe Theatre (Sutton Theatres), Sutton, 26 Mai. 2016

Peças televisivas

  • Olly's Prison (1990), shot in December 1991 (Roy Battersby), broadcast: BBC2, Mai. 1993
  • Tuesday (1992), shot in Mar. 1993 (Sharon Miller e Edward Bond), broadcast: BBC Schools Television, Jun. 1993

Reprodução de rádio

  • Chair (2000), broadcast: BBC Radio 4, 8 Abril 2000 (Turan Ali, Director/Producer)
  • Existence (2002), broadcast: BBC Radio 4, Mai. 2002 (Turan Ali, Director/Producer)

Primeiras peças indisponíveis

  • The Tragedy, for television, 1950s
  • "He jumped but the bridge was burning", 1950s
  • The Asses of Kish, 1956–57
  • Too Late Now, for television, (em catalão)
  • The Broken Shepherdess, for radio, (em catalão)
  • Sylo's New Ruins, for television, (em catalão)
  • The Performance for television, (em catalão)
  • The Best Laid Schemes, for television, (em catalão)
  • A Woman Weeping, (em catalão)
  • The Roller Coaster, (em catalão)
  • Klaxon in Aetreus' Place, 1958
  • The Fiery Tree, 1958
  • I Don't Want to Be Nice, 1959
  • The Golden Age, 1959
  • The Outing, 1959–60
  • Kissing The Beast, for radio, 1960
  • The Palace of Varieties in the Sand, 1975–76

Libretti para óperas Hans Werner Henze

  • We Come to the river "Actions for Music in Two Parts and Eleven Scenes", 1972/74, in The Fool, Londres, Eyre Methuen, 1976
  • The Cat "a story for music", 1979, in Restoration, Londres, Methuen, 1982, from Honoré de Balzac's Peines d'amour d'une chatte anglaise, music by H.W. Henze; recorded as: The English Cat, "Ein Geschichte für Sänger und Instrumentalisten von Edward Bond", Parnassus Orchestra London, dir.: Markus Stenz-Peter Doll, Mayence, Wergo, 2 CD, WER 62042, 1989

Libretti para balés

  • Text for a Ballet: for Dancers, Chorus and Orchestra (1977), partially published as From an Unfinished Ballet, in Theatre Poems and Songs, Londres, Methuen, 1980
  • Orpheus "a story in six scenes" (1977/78), music by Hans Werner Henze, for William Forsythe
  • Burns "a piece for dancers and musicians" (1985), for Midland Ballet Company

Adaptações de outros autores

Roteiros

Edições editar

Peças de teatro ("edição uniformizada"; nove volumes de Methuen, Londres)

  • Plays: 1 (1977): Author's note: On Violence; Saved, Early morning; Pope's Wedding
  • Plays: 2 (1978): Introduction; Preface to Lear; Lear; The Sea; Narrow Road to The Deep North, Black Mass; Passion
  • Plays: 3 (1987): Four Pieces; Introduction to Bingo, Bingo; Introduction to The Fool; The Fool; Clare Poems; The Woman; Poems, Stories and Essays for The Woman; Author's note; Stone
  • Plays: 4 (1992): The Worlds; The Activists Papers; Restoration; Restoration Poems and Stories; Summer; Summer Poems
  • Plays: 5 (1996): Human Cannon, The Bundle; In the Company of Men; Jackets
  • Plays: 6 (1998): Choruses from After the Assassinations; War Plays; Commentary on the War Plays
  • Plays: 7 (2003): The Cap; The Crime of the Twenty-first Century; Olly's Prison; Notes on Imagination; Coffee; The Swing; Derek; Fables and Stories
  • Plays: 8 (2006): Born, People, Chair, Existence, The Under Room
  • Plays: 9 (2011): Innocence, Window, Tune, Balancing Act, The Edge
  • Plays: 10 (2018): Dea, The Testament of this Day, The Price of One, The Angry Roads, The Hungry Bowl

Outras peças (por Methuen, Londres)

  • Lear, Student Edition, com Comentários e Notas de Patricia Hern (1983)
  • Olly's Prison, versão teatral e televisiva (1993)
  • At the Inland Sea (1997)
  • Eleven Vests com Tuesday (1997)
  • The Children com Have I None (2001)
  • Saved, Student Edition, com Comentários e Notas de David Davis (2008)
  • The Chair Plays: Have I None, The Under Room and Chair (2012)
  • Dea (2016)

Escritos teóricos selecionados editar

  • A Note on Dramatic Method (1977), in: The Bundle, Londres, Methuen, 1978
  • The Activists Papers (1980) in Plays 4, Londres, Methuen, 1992
  • Introduction, for The Fool, in Plays 3, Londres, Methuen, 1987
  • The Dramatic Child (1992), in Tuesday, Londres, Methuen, 1992
  • Notes on Imagination, in: Coffee, Londres, Methuen, 1995
  • Notes on Post-modernism (1989) in: Plays 5, Londres, Methuen, 1996
  • Bond, Edward (1998). «Commentary on The War Plays». Plays 6. [S.l.]: Methuen. ISBN 1-4725-3670-3 
  • The Hidden Plot Notes on Theatre and the State, Londres, Methuen, 2000
  • Drama Devices (2004), in David Davis (ed.): Edward Bond and the Dramatic Child, Edward Bond's Plays for Young People, Londres, Trentham Books, 2005
  • "Something of Myself" (2004), in David Davis (ed.): Edward Bond and the Dramatic Child, Edward Bond's Plays for Young People, Londres, Trentham Books, 2005

Cartas, selecionadas e editadas por Ian Stuart:

  • I, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1994
  • II, Luxemburgo, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1995
  • III, Amsterdã, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1996
  • 4, Amsterdã, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1998
  • 5, Londres, Routledge, 2001

Seleções dos Cadernos de Edward Bond, editados por Ian Stuart, Londres, Methuen,

  • 1: 1959–1980, 2000
  • 2: 1980–1995, 2000

Referências

  1. a b «Edward Bond (Playwright)». StageAgent (em inglês). Consultado em 19 de junho de 2023 
  2. Mccarrick, Jaki (20 de janeiro de 2017). «Ideas of war, riot and murder – Theatre». TLS (em inglês). Consultado em 28 de junho de 2020  "Regularly hailed as Britain’s greatest living playwright, [...]"
  3. Quirke, Kieron (17 November 2002). «Fringe theatre roundup». The Guardian (em inglês). Consultado em 30 March 2021  Verifique data em: |acessodata=, |data= (ajuda) "The French think Bond is among the greatest British playwrights and theatre's most important theorist since Brecht."
  4. Armitstead, Claire (5 de março de 2024). «Edward Bond, blazingly original British playwright, dies aged 89». The Guardian (em inglês). Consultado em 5 de março de 2024 

Ligações externas editar

 
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