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O Prémio Pulitzer de História, gerido pela Universidade de Columbia, é um dos sete Prémios Pulitzer que são entregues anualmente nas áreas das Letras, Teatro e Música. Tem sido entregue desde 1917 a um livro notável sobre a História dos Estados Unidos. Trata-se de um dos Pulitzers originais, tendo começado o programa em 1917 com sete prémios, quatro dos quais entregues nesse ano.[1] O programa do Prémio Pulitzer tem também reconhecido algum trabalho histórico através do seu Prémio de Biografia, desde 1917, e o seu prémio Prémio Pulitzer de Não Ficção Geral, desde 1952.

Os finalistas têm sido anunciados desde 1980, geralmente dois para além do vencedor.[2]

Índice

VencedoresEditar

Nos seus primeiros 97 anos até 2013, o Pulitzer de História foi entregue 95 vezes. Dois prémios foram atribuídos em 1989; nenhum em 1919, 1984, e 1994.[2] Quatro pessoas venceram duas vezes, Margaret Leech, Bernard Bailyn, Paul Horgan e Alan Taylor.

Década de 1910Editar

Década de 1920Editar

Década de 1930Editar

Década de 1940Editar

Década de 1950Editar

Década de 1960Editar

Década de 1970Editar

Década de 1980Editar

Os registados a partir deste ponto incluem os finalistas listados após o vencedor de cada ano.

  • 1980: Been in the Storm So Long de Leon F. Litwack
    • The Plains Across de John B. Unruh
    • The Urban Crucible de Gary B. Nash
  • 1981: American Education: The National Experience, 1783–1876 de Lawrence A. Cremin
    • A Search for Power: The 'Weaker Sex' in Seventeenth Century New England de Lyle Koehler
    • Over Here: The First World War and American Society de David M. Kennedy
  • 1982: Mary Chesnut's Civil War de C. Vann Woodward
    • Power and Culture: The Japanese-American War, 1941–1945 de Akira Iriye
    • White Supremacy: A Comparative Study in American & South African History de George M. Fredrickson
  • 1983: The Transformation of Virginia, 1740–1790 de Rhys L. Isaac
    • Southern Honor: Ethics & Behavior in the Old South de Bertram Wyatt-Brown
    • The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763–1789 de Robert Middlekauff
  • 1984: não foi entregue o prémio
  • 1985: Prophets of Regulation de Thomas K. McCraw
    • The Crucible of Race de Joel Williamson
    • The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians de Francis Paul Prucha
  • 1986: ...the Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age de Walter A. McDougall
    • Emigrants and Exiles: Ireland and the Irish Exodus to North America de Kerby A. Miller
    • Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work and the Family from Slavery to the Present de Jacqueline Jones
    • Novus Ordo Seclorum: the Intellectual Origins of the Constitution de Forrest McDonald
  • 1987: Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution de Bernard Bailyn
    • Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference de David Garrow
    • Eisenhower: At War, 1943–1945 de David Eisenhower
  • 1988: The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846–1876 de Robert V. Bruce
    • The Care of Strangers: The Rise of America's Hospital System de Charles E. Rosenberg
    • The Fall of the House of Labor de David Montgomery
  • 1989: Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era de James M. McPherson
  • 1989: Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954–1963 de Taylor Branch
    • A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam de Neil Sheehan
    • Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877 de Eric Foner

Década de 1990Editar

  • 1990: In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines de Stanley Karnow
    • American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm 1870–1970 de Thomas P. Hughes
    • The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume IV: From the American Revolution to World War I de Hugh Honour
  • 1991: A Midwife's Tale de Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
    • America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink de Kenneth M. Stampp
    • Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939 de Lizabeth Cohen
    • The Civil Rights Era: Origins and Development of National Policy de Hugh David Graham
  • 1992: The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties de Mark E. Neely, Jr.
    • A Very Thin Line: The Iran-Contra Affairs de Theodore Draper
    • Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West de William Cronon
    • Profits in the Wilderness: Entrepreneurship and the Founding of New England Towns in the Seventeenth Century de John Frederick Martin
    • The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650–1815 de Richard White
  • 1993: The Radicalism of the American Revolution de Gordon S. Wood
    • Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America de Garry Wills
    • The Promise of the New South: Life After Reconstruction de Edward L. Ayers
  • 1994: não foi entregue o prémio
    • Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK de Gerald Posner
    • Crime and Punishment in American History de Lawrence M. Friedman
    • William Faulkner and Southern History de Joel Williamson
  • 1995: No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II de Doris Kearns Goodwin
    • Lincoln in American Memory de Merrill D. Peterson
    • Stories of Scottsboro de James Goodman
  • 1996: William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic de Alan Taylor
    • Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb de Richard Rhodes
    • The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic de Lance Banning
  • 1997: Original Meanings: Politics and Ideas in the Making of the Constitution de Jack N. Rakove
    • Founding Mothers and Fathers de Mary Beth Norton
    • The Battle for Christmas de Stephen Nissenbaum
  • 1998: Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion de Edward J. Larson
    • Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America de J. Anthony Lukas
    • Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History de Rogers Smith
  • 1999: Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898 de Edwin G. Burrows e Mike Wallace
    • In a Barren Land: American Indian Dispossession and Survival de Paula Mitchell Marks
    • The New Ocean: The Story of the First Space Age de William E. Burrows

Década de 2000Editar

  • 2000: Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945 de David M. Kennedy
    • The Cousins' Wars: Religion, Politics and the Triumph of Anglo-America de Kevin Phillips
    • Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier de James H. Merrell
  • 2001: Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation de Joseph J. Ellis
    • The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States de Alexander Keyssar
    • Way Out There in the Blue de Frances FitzGerald
  • 2002: The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America de Louis Menand
    • Deep Souths: Delta, Piedmont, and the Sea Island Society in the Age of Segregation de J. William Harris
    • Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America de Daniel K. Richter
  • 2003: An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa 1942–1943 de Rick Atkinson
    • At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America de Philip Dray
    • Rereading Sex: Battles Over Sexual Knowledge and Suppression in Nineteenth Century America de Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz
  • 2004: A Nation Under Our Feet de Steven Hahn
    • Great Fortune: The Epic of Rockefeller Center de Daniel Okrent
    • They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace, Vietnam and America, October 1967 de David Maraniss
  • 2005: Washington's Crossing de David Hackett Fischer
    • Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age de Kevin Boyle
    • Conjectures of Order: Intellectual Life and the American South, 1810-1860, volumes 1 & 2 de Michael O'Brien
  • 2006: Polio: An American Story de David Oshinsky
    • New York Burning de Jill Lepore
    • The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln de Sean Wilentz
  • 2007: The Race Beat de Gene Roberts e Hank Klibanoff
    • Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War de Nathaniel Philbrick
    • Middle Passages: African American Journeys to Africa, 1787-2005 de James T. Campbell
  • 2008: What Hath God Wrought: the Transformation of America, 1815–1848 de Daniel Walker Howe
    • The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War de David Halberstam
    • Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power de Robert Dallek
  • 2009: The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family de Annette Gordon-Reed
    • The Liberal Hour: Washington and the Politics of Change in the 1960s de G. Calvin Mackenzie and Robert Weisbrot
    • This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War de Drew Gilpin Faust

Década de 2010Editar

  • 2010: Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World de Liaquat Ahamed
    • Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815 de Gordon S. Wood
    • Fordlandia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Ford's Forgotten Jungle City de Greg Grandin
  • 2011: The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery de Eric Foner
    • Confederate Reckoning: Power and Politics in the Civil War South de Stephanie McCurry
    • Eden on the Charles: The Making of Boston de Michael J. Rawson
  • 2012: Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention de Manning Marable
    • Empires, Nations & Families: A History of the North American West, 1800-1860 de Anne F. Hyde
    • The Eleventh Day: The Full Story of 9/11 and Osama Bin Laden de Anthony Summers e Robbyn Swan
    • Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America de Richard White
  • 2013: Embers of War: The Fall of an Empire and the Making of America’s Vietnam de Fredrik Logevall
    • The Barbarous Years: The Peopling of British North America: The Conflict of Civilizations, 1600-1675 de Bernard Bailyn
    • Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History de John Fabian Witt
  • 2014: The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832 de Alan Taylor
    • A Dreadful Deceit: The Myth of Race from the Colonial Era to Obama's America de Jacqueline Jones
    • Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident and the Illusion of Safety de Eric Schlosser
  • 2015: Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People de Elizabeth A. Fenn[3]
    • Empire of Cotton: A Global History de Sven Beckert
    • An Empire on the Edge: How Britain Came to Fight America de Nick Bunker
  • 2016: Custer's Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America by T. J. Stiles[4]
    • Marching Home: Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War de Brian Matthew Jordan
    • Target Tokyo: Jimmy Doolittle and the Raid That Avenged Pearl Harbor de James M. Scott
    • The Pentagon's Brain: An Uncensored History of DARPA, America's Top-Secret Military Research Agency de Annie Jacobsen

Vencedores repetentesEditar

Cinco pessoas venceram o Prémio Pulitzer de História duas vezes.

  • Margaret Leech, 1942 por Reveille in Washington, 1860–1865 e em 1960 por In the Days of McKinley
  • Bernard Bailyn, 1968 por The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution e em 1987 por Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution
  • Paul Horgan, 1955 por Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History e em 1976 por Lamy of Santa Fe
  • Alan Taylor, 1996 por William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic e em 2014 por The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832[5]
  • Don E. Fehrenbacher completou The Impending Crisis de David Potter, com o qual Potter venceu postumamente o prémio de 1977, e venceu o prémio de 1979 em seu nome por The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics.

Referências

  1. "1917 Winners".
  2. a b «History». The Pulitzer Prizes. Consultado em 6 de outubro de 2016 
  3. «History 2015». The Pulitzer Prizes. Consultado em 20 de abril de 2015 
  4. «The Pulitzer Prizes» 
  5. Husna Haq (14 de abril de 2014). «Donna Tartt's 'The Goldfinch' – a novel that has charmed critics and readers alike – wins the 2014 Pulitzer Prize». CSMonitor.com. Consultado em 22 de abril de 2014