O Prêmio Mullard é concedido anualmente pela Royal Society a pesquisadores com "formação acadêmica nos campos de ciências naturais, engenharia ou tecnologia, cuja contribuição seja efetiva ou potencial para a prosperidade britânica". Estabelecido em 1967, foi o único prêmio patrocinado pela Royal Society concedido simultaneamente a cinco pessoas, em 1970.[1] A premiação consiste em uma medalha de prata, acompanhada por um prêmio pessoal de £ 2.000 e £1,500 destinados a viagens é participação em conferências.[2]

Laureados Editar

Ano Nome Citação Notas
1967 George Douglas Hutton Bell "for the contribution the Proctor barley bred by him had made to agricultural production in the United Kingdom" [3]
1968 Alastair Pilkington "for his outstanding advances in the technology of glass manufacture and, in particular, for his invention and development of the float glass process" [4]
1969 Richard Milroy Clarkson "for his outstanding advances in aircraft design and, in particular, for his conception of the innovations in the Trident and HS125 aircraft" [5]
1970 Stephen William Kenneth Morgan "in recognition of their outstanding contributions to the concept and development of the Imperial Smelting zinc blast furnace process" [6]
Stephen Esslement Woods
John Lumsden
Bennett Gregory Perry
Leslie Jack Derham
1971 Frank Ralph Batchelor "in recognition of their contributions to the development of the semisynthetic penicillins" [7]
Frank Peter Doyle
John Herbert Charles Naylor
George Newbolt Rolinson
1972 William Boon "in recognition of the outstanding role he had played in the discovery and development of the dipyridyl herbicides" [8]
1973 Charles William Oatley "in recognition of his outstanding contribution over an extended period to the design and development of the scanning electron microscope in which he had played a significant and continuing part" [9][10][11]
1974 Frank Brian Mercer "in recognition of his invention of the Netlon net process — an extrusion process for the manufacture of integral or knotless plastic net — which was of great ingenuity and simplicity with an extremely wide range of applications" [12]
1975 John Bingham "in recognition of his breeding a series of highly successful winter wheat varieties" [13]
1976 George Herbert Hutchings "in recognition of his distinguished contributions to chemotherapy, notably the conception and development of certain synergic drugs" [10]
1977 Godfrey Hounsfield "in recognition of his conception and development of the computerized transverse axial tomographic X-ray scanning system known commercially as the Emiscanner" [14]
1978 James Black "in recognition of his distinguished and major contributions to the discovery of two new and important types of drug — the beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs and the histamine H2 receptor blockers" [13]
1979 Ernest Martin Ellis "for the design and development of the RB211 turbofan engine" [15]
Geoffrey Light Wilde
1980 Edward Penley Abraham "in recognition of his outstanding role in the development of the cephalosporin group of antibiotics" [16]
1981 Michael Elliott "in recognition of their development of synthetic pyrethroids, the first generation of which (resmethrin and bioresmethrin) was largely used in domestic insecticides and the second generation, light-stable compounds (permethrin, cypermethrin and decamethrin) was used increasingly worldwide in agricultural pest control" [17][18]
Norman Frank James
David Allen Pulman
1982 Martin Francis Wood "in recognition of their development, manufacture and marketing of advanced superconducting magnet systems as a result of which they have established Oxford Instruments Ltd as the leading supplier of these systems throughout the world"
John Michael Woodgate
Peter Edward Hanley
1983 John William Fozard "in recognition of their contribution to the design, development and marketing of the Harrier V/STOL aircraft in its many and various forms, a substantial number of which had been sold overseas"
Ralph Spenser Hooper
1984 Clive Sinclair "in recognition of his entrepreneurial and innovative inventions of pocket calculators, personal computers and small television tubes of flat design" [19]
1985 David Kalderon "for his achievements in unifying and standardizing design practices in two of Britains principal turbine building companies, leading to significantly improved and cost-effective manufacturing processes for turbines and extensive worldwide sales of steam turbines of all sizes" [20]
1986 John Bedford Stenlake "for his design and development of Atracurium, a novel skeletal muscle relaxant for use in surgical anaesthesia, first marketed in 1982 and which had now achieved substantial sales in the UK and the USA" [21][22]
1987 Michael Alan Ford "in recognition of his design and development of a series of analytical infrared spectrometers marketed by Perkin-Elmer Ltd"
1988 Ralph Louis Wain "in recognition of his outstanding contribution to plant sciences and selective herbicides, in particular" [23]
1989 David Richard Sweatman Hedgeland "in recognition of his contribution to the technology of digital representation of characters and their processing and output by laser, such as is used in the LASER-COMP system marketed by Monotype International" [24]
1990 Peter Mansfield "in recognition of their contribution to the development of novel nuclear imaging methods, particularly nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)" [25]
John Rowland Mallard
James McDonald Strahan Hutchinson
1991 David Jack "in recognition of their contribution to the discovery and development of drugs acting as adrenergic, histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors, particularly salbutamol, salmeterol, labetalol and ranitidine"
Roy Thomas Brittain
1992 Robert Willian Ernest Shannon "for the development and worldwide exploitation of a magnetic system for the inspection of high-pressure pipelines while still in service" [26]
1993 Allen Hill "in recognition of their contribution to the translation of bioelectrochemical research into the successful launch of molecular sensors for medical use"
Monika Green
Anthony Cass
1994 John White "in recognition of their development of the MRC-600 series laser-scanning confocal imaging system, an ingenious and innovative means of improving the clarity and definition of microscopes" [27][28][29][30]
Brad Amos
Richard Durbin
Michael Fordham
1995 Kenneth Richardson "in recognition of his role in the discovery and development of the life-saving antifungal drug, Diflucan" [31]
1996 Ian McKittrick "for their development of a new energy-saving glass" [32]
1997 Patrick Humphrey "in recognition of their development of Sumatriptan and Ondansetron, two effective and novel medicines resulting from research into understanding the role of serotonin in human diseases. Ondansetron was the first highly effective anti-emetic drug used to combat the very severe nausea and vomiting during cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Sumatriptan was the most effective treatment available for migraine and cluster headache" [33][34][35]
1998 Graham Richards "for his work on the development of the methods of computer-aided molecular design, their application and exploitation. Graham Richards was a pioneer of the field; originated several of the techniques now widely used and was the founder of the company in this area of science" [36]
1999 John Rhodes "for his major contribution to microwave component design and realisation, leading to the establishment of Filtronic plc, an emerging global company providing employment, revenue and exports on a rapidly increasing scale achieved through the continuous application of highly innovative scientific and engineering methods" [37]
2000 Martin Sweeting "for his major contribution to the research and development of low-cost, lightweight satellites for diverse missions. This activity led directly to the establishment of the highly successful Surrey Satellite Technonlogy Limited" [38]
2003 Henning Sirringhaus "for his work on plastic semi-conductors and his contributions to the national prosperity of the UK through the spin out company Plastic Logic Ltd" [39]
2004 Jeremy Baumberg "for his work on the properties of meso- and nano-scale physics and technology and his contributions to the national prosperity of the UK through the spin out company Mesophotonics Ltd" [40]
2005 Ben Davis "for his pioneering research into the structure of carbohydrates" [41]
2007 Chris Freeman "for his research into the enzymic latch' mechanism, in which plants absorb pollutants (including carbon dioxide and dissolved chemicals) which then become trapped preventing the re-release of the pollution" [25]
2009 Shankar Balasubramanian "For his inventive new approach to DNA sequencing" [42]
2014 Demis Hassabis "for his pioneering use of machine learning and systems neuroscience to build powerful general-purpose learning algorithms" [43]
2016 Stephen Furber e Sophie Wilson "for their distinguished contributions to the design and analysis of the Acorn RISC Machine (ARM), the most successful embedded processor architecture in the world." [44]
2018 Florin Udrea e Julian Gardner "for their work as renowned academics and serial entrepreneurs"[45]
2019 Hagan Bayley "for the invention of stochastic nanosensing, a generalized sequencing method for biopolymers which has delivered ultrarapid, distributable, wide-scale, 'long-read' genome sequencing"
2020 Stephen Philip Jackson "for pioneering research on DNA repair mechanisms and synthetic lethality that led to the discovery of olaparib, which has reached blockbuster status for the treatment of ovarian and breast cancers."

Referências Editar



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