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Abderramão Alçufi (Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi; 7 de dezembro de 90325 de maio de 986), melhor conhecido como Azofi (em latim: Azophi), ou Azophi Arabus[1] foi um astrônomo da Pérsia.[2][3][4]

Escreveu o Livro das Estrelas Fixas em 964, onde fez o registo mais antigo da visão das Nuvens de Magalhães, visível do sul do Iêmem. Ainda que a Nuvem de Magalhães seja visível da Europa, não foi observada por astrônomos europeus até a viagem de Fernão de Magalhães.[5][6] A obra de Azofi permitiu à astronomia moderna fazer comparações úteis para a pesquisa das variações do brilho das estrelas.

Uma das crateras da Lua (coordenadas 22,1° S, 12,7° E) foi nomeada Azophi em sua homenagem.

Referências

  1. Robert Harry van Gent. Biography of al-Sūfī. "The Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī was born in Rayy (near Tehrān) on 7 December 903 [14 Muharram 291 H] and died in Baghdād on 25 May 986 [13 Muharram 376 H] ... the Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī who was commonly known by European astronomers as Azophi Arabus". University of Utrecht, Netherlands. Retrieved 2014-1-11
  2. Al-Qifti. Ikhbar al-'ulama' bi-akhbar al-hukama ("History of Learned Men"). In: Άbdul-Ramān al-Şūfī and his Book of the Fixed Stars: A Journey of Re-discovery by Ihsan Hafez, Richard F. Stephenson, Wayne Orchiston (2011). In: Orchiston, Wayne, Highlighting the history of astronomy in the Asia-Pacific region: proceedings of the ICOA-6 conference. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. New York: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4419-8161-5. "... is the honored, the perfect, the most intelligent and the friend of the King Adud al-Dawla Fanakhasru Shahenshah Ibn Buwaih. He is the author of the most honored books in the science of astronomy. He was originally from Nisa and is of a Persian descent."
  3. Robert Harry van Gent. Biography of al-Sūfī. "The Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī was born in Rayy (near Tehrān) on 7 December 903 [14 Muharram 291 H] and died in Baghdād on 25 May 986 [13 Muharram 376 H] ... the Persian astronomer Abū al-Husayn ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn ‘Umar al-Sūfī who was commonly known by European astronomers as Azophi Arabus". University of Utrecht, Netherlands. Retrieved 2014-1-11
  4. Selin, Helaine (2008). Encyclopaedia of the history of science, technology, and medicine in non-western cultures. Berlin New York: Springer. p. 160. ISBN 9781402049606. Al-Sūf ī was an astronomer in the Arabic–Islamic area. He was of Persian origin, but wrote in Arabic, the language of all science in that time. 
  5. «Observatoire de Paris (Abd-al-Rahman Al Sufi)». Consultado em 19 de abril de 2007. Cópia arquivada em 16 April 2007  Parâmetro desconhecido |url-status= ignorado (ajuda); Verifique data em: |arquivodata= (ajuda)
  6. «Observatoire de Paris (LMC)». Consultado em 19 de abril de 2007. Cópia arquivada em 17 April 2007  Parâmetro desconhecido |url-status= ignorado (ajuda); Verifique data em: |arquivodata= (ajuda)