Prêmio Welch de Química

O Prêmio Welch de Química (em inglês: Welch Award in Chemistry) é concedido pela The Welch Foundation. O propósito do prêmio é fomentar e encorajar pesquisa química básica e reconhecer, de forma substancial, o valor das contribuições em pesquisa química para o benefício da humanidade. O prêmio é dotado com US$ 300.000.[1]

Laureados[2] editar

Ano Recipiente Motivo[3]
1972 Karl August Folkers
Universidade do Texas em Austin
For his basic research in the area of life sciences.
1974 Albert Eschenmoser
Instituto Federal de Tecnologia de Zurique
For his profound and highly creative contributions to synthetic chemistry.
1976 Neil Bartlett
Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley
For his synthesis of chemical compounds of noble gases and the consequent opening of broad new fields of research in inorganic chemistry.
1978 Edgar Bright Wilson
Universidade Harvard
For his pioneering theoretical and experimental contributions to molecular structure.
1980 Sune Bergström
Instituto Karolinska
For his pioneering studies of the prostaglandins.
1981 Paul Doughty Bartlett
Texas Christian University
For his original investigations of the mechanisms of organic reactions.
1982 Frank Westheimer
Universidade Harvard
For his significant achievements in the field of bioorganic chemistry.
1983 Henry Taube
Universidade Stanford
For his contributions to the field of chemistry, particularly in inorganics.
1984 Kenneth Sanborn Pitzer
Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley
For his theory for the internal rotation of groups within molecules.
1985 Duilio Arigoni
Instituto Federal de Tecnologia de Zurique
For his contributions of founding the field of bioorganic stereochemistry.
1986 George Claude Pimentel
Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley
For his contribution to the field of hydrogen bonding, matrix isolation, and chemical lasers.
1987 Harry George Drickamer
Universidade de Illinois em Urbana-Champaign
For his research on the effects of pressure on optical, electrical magnetic and chemical properties of matter.
1988 Richard Barry Bernstein
Universidade da Califórnia em Los Angeles
For his pioneering research in chemical dynamics, thereby providing a new understanding of chemical reactions.
1989 Norman Davidson
Instituto de Tecnologia da Califórnia
For his pioneering research contributions to the understanding of the structure and function of genetic materials, especially for his novel techniques which had a powerful influence in this field.
1990 John Dombrowski Roberts
Instituto de Tecnologia da Califórnia
For his integration of molecular spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, kinetics and other aspects of physical chemistry with his talent for organic synthesis. In the application of these intertwined disciplines to the study of structure activities of organic molecules.
1990 William von Eggers Doering
Universidade Harvard
For his critical contribution into fundamental aspects of physical organic chemistry. Among his many other important contributions, his work on the carbenes was a pioneering effort which opened a broad field.
1991 Earl R. Stadtman
National Institutes of Health
For his work in demonstrating that covalent interconvertible enzyme cascades provide the cell with a finely tuned regulatory mechanism capable of integrating a vast amount of metabolic information, and that they have a remarkable potential for amplification signals and rates.
1991 Edwin Krebs
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington
For his part in showing that interconversion of phosphorylase between its active and inactive forms involved phosphorylation/ dephosphorylation, a process fundamental to the regulation of nearly every vital biological function.
1992 Richard Smalley
Universidade de Rice
For his career contributions to physical chemistry, including his development and use of supersonic molecular beam techniques for the study of clusters, ions, and molecules.
1993 Gilbert Stork
Universidade Columbia
For his work in developing new methods in organic synthesis and as a mentor to leading synthetic chemists all over the world. He has profoundly influenced the way scientists think about natural product synthesis in general and stereochemical control in particular.
1994 Jack Halpern
Universidade de Chicago
For his contributions to understanding reaction mechanisms not only of inorganic chemicals but of complex organometallic reactions systems as well; also for his contributions to understanding the field of homogeneous catalysis in solution.
1994 Frank Albert Cotton
Texas A&M University
For his work leading to our current understanding of multiple bonds of metal-metal bonding of transition metal chemistry and for his major impact in the field of inorganic and structural chemistry by virtue of his own work and the numerous individuals who worked in his laboratory as students or postdoctoral fellows.
1995 Jeremy R. Knowles
Universidade Harvard
For his important contributions to mechanistic enzymology.
1995 Robert Abeles
Universidade Brandeis
For his contributions to our understanding of the mechanisms of catalysis by enzymes and to the rational development of compounds that inactivate enzymes.
1996 Koji Nakanishi
Universidade Columbia
For his major contribution to our greater understanding of and our capacity to use many of the bioactive compounds found in nature.
1997 Ahmed Zewail
Instituto de Tecnologia da Califórnia
For his leadership and pioneering contribution to all phases of femtosecond chemistry.
1998 Pierre Chambon
Collège de France
For his achievements in the field of nuclear receptors which have paved the way to a molecular understanding of vertebrate fundamental processes as well as their pathological disorders.
1999 Richard Zare
Universidade Stanford
For his seminal contributions in the area of chemical reaction dynamics and in the general field of molecular spectroscopy.
2000 A. Ian Scott
Texas A&M University
For his great contributions to organic chemistry and biochemistry, especially the elegant use of every physical and biological tool available to solve complex structural and mechanistic problems in natural product chemistry and biosynthesis, e.g., vitamin B12. He has provided concepts and methodologies which have been fruitful to many others.
2000 Alan Battersby
Universidade de Cambridge
For his work which is well described as the biosynthesis of the pigments of life. It represents one of the major and most significant enterprises in contemporary chemistry and has transformed knowledge of the biosynthesis of such vital substances as vitamin B12.
2001 Roger Kornberg
Universidade Stanford
For his seminal contributions in biological and structural chemistry: (1) the discovery, basic structure and function of nucleosome; (2) the discovery of the multiprotein Mediator of transcriptional regulation; and (3) the structures of the giant RNA polymerase II transcription initiation and elongation complexes.
2002 Harden McConnell
Universidade Stanford
For his thorough understanding of magnetic resonance and its use in achieving greater insight into chemical systems including reaction dynamics, magnetic resonance imaging and membrane phenomenon.
2003 Ronald Breslow
Universidade Columbia
For his pioneering contributions to the field of biomimetic chemistry and catalysis by design.
2004 Allen Joseph Bard
Universidade do Texas em Austin
For his major accomplishments in the field of electrochemistry and the effect of these on the discipline of chemistry itself.
2005 George Whitesides
Universidade Harvard
For the breadth and depth of his insight into chemical processes and his astute use of this understanding in approaching and solving many difficult problems in organic chemistry, biochemistry, biology, material science and surface science.
2006 Daniel Edward Koshland
Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley
For his consistent and highly effective use of basic chemical principles to bring to greater clarity chemical processes in complex biological systems.
2007 William Hughes Miller
Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley
For pioneering development of the modern theory of chemical reaction dynamics and rates.
2007 Noel Hush
Universidade de Sydney
For fundamental work on the theory of homogeneous and heterogeneous electron transfer and contributions in the area of molecular electronics.
2008 Alexander Rich
Instituto de Tecnologia de Massachusetts
For outstanding contributions to the understanding of the chemical and biochemical mechanisms in maintaining a living cell.
2009 Harry Barkus Gray
Instituto de Tecnologia da Califórnia
For definitive contributions to the field of inorganic chemistry.
2010 JoAnne Stubbe
Instituto de Tecnologia de Massachusetts;
Christopher Thomas Walsh, Harvard Medical School
For their insights into the chemistry of enzymes in biological systems.
2011 John Waugh
Instituto de Tecnologia de Massachusetts
For ground-breaking research in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
2012 David A. Evans
Universidade Harvard
For his contributions to organic reaction design, in particular stereocontrol in carbon-carbon bond formation, which advanced the field of complex molecule synthesis.
2013 Louis Brus
Universidade Columbia
For creating the field of colloidal quantum dots (semiconductor nanocrystals).
2014 Robert G. Bergman
Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley
For pioneering work in alkane activation and mechanisms of organometallic reactions.
2015 Stephen Coplan Harrison
Harvard Medical School
For outstanding contributions to the x-ray crystallography of viruses and protein nucleic aid complexes.
2016 Richard Hadley Holm
Universidade Harvard;
Stephen Lippard
Instituto de Tecnologia de Massachusetts
For their important research contributions in the fields of inorganic and bioinorganic chemistry.
2017 John Bannister Goodenough
Universidade do Texas em Austin