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O Prêmio Wolf de Química é concedido anualmente pela Fundação Wolf em Israel. É um dos seis Prêmios Wolf estabelecidos pela fundação e concedido desde 1978; os outros são em Agronomia, Artes, Física, Matemática e Medicina.

Laureados[1]Editar

 
Este artigo ou seção está a ser traduzido de «Wolf Prize in Chemistry» na Wikipédia em inglês. Ajude e colabore com a tradução.
Ano Nome Nacionalidade Citação
1978 Carl Djerassi   Estados Unidos for his work in bioorganic chemistry, application of new spectroscopic techniques, and his support of international cooperation.
1979 Hermann Mark   Áustria /   Estados Unidos for his contributions to understanding the structure and behavior of natural and synthetic polymers.
1980 Henry Eyring   México /   Estados Unidos for his development of absolute rate theory and its imaginative applications to chemical and physical processes.
1981 Joseph Chatt   Reino Unido for pioneering and fundamental contributions to synthetic transition metal chemistry, particularly transition metal hydrides and dinitrogen complexes.
1982 John Charles Polanyi   Canadá for his studies of chemical reactions in unprecedented detail by developing the infrared chemiluminiscence technique, and for envisaging the chemical laser.
George Claude Pimentel   Estados Unidos for development of matrix isolation spectroscopy and for the discovery of photodissociation lasers and chemical lasers.
1983/4 Herbert S. Gutowsky   Estados Unidos for his pioneering work in the development and applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chemistry.
Harden McConnell   Estados Unidos for his studies of the electronic structure of molecules through paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and for the introduction and biological applications of spin label techniques.
John Waugh   Estados Unidos for his fundamental theoretical and experimental contributions to high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in solids.
1984/5 Rudolph Arthur Marcus   Canadá /   Estados Unidos for his contributions to chemical kinetics, especially the theories of unimolecular reactions and electron transfer reactions.
1986 Elias James Corey   Estados Unidos for outstanding research on the synthesis of many highly complex natural products and the demonstration of novel ways of thinking about such syntheses.
Albert Eschenmoser   Suíça for outstanding research on the synthesis, stereochemistry and reaction mechanisms for formation of natural products, especially Vitamin-B12.
1987 David Chilton Phillips
David Mervyn Blow
  Reino Unido
  Reino Unido
for their contributions to protein X-ray crystallography and to the elucidation of structures of enzymes and their mechanisms of action.
1988 Joshua Jortner
Raphael David Levine
  Israel
  Israel
for their incisive theoretical studies elucidating energy acquisition and disposal in molecular systems and mechanisms for dynamical selectivity and specificity.
1989 Duilio Arigoni
Alan Battersby
  Suíça
  Reino Unido
for their fundamental contributions to the elucidation of the mechanism of enzymic reactions and of the biosynthesis of natural products, in particular the pigments of life.
1990 Não atribuído
1991 Richard Robert Ernst   Suíça for his revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially Fourier-transform and two-dimensional NMR
Alexander Pines   Rodésia /   Estados Unidos for his revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially multiple-quantum and high-spin NMR.
1992 John Pople   Reino Unido for his outstanding contributions to theoretical chemistry, particularly in developing effective and widely used modern quantum- chemical methods.
1993 Ahmed Zewail   Egito /   Estados Unidos for pioneering the development of laser femtochemistry. Using lasers and molecular beams, femtochemistry has made it now possible to probe the evolution of chemical reactions as they actually happen in real time.
1994/5 Richard Lerner
Peter G. Schultz
  Estados Unidos
  Estados Unidos
for developing catalytic antibodies, thus permitting the catalysis of chemical reactions considered impossible to achieve by classical chemical procedures.
1995/6 Gilbert Stork
Samuel Danishefsky
  Estados Unidos
  Estados Unidos
for designing and developing novel chemical reactions which have opened new avenues to the synthesis of complex molecules, particularly polysaccharides and many other biologically and medicinally important compounds.
1996/7 Não atribuído
1998 Gerhard Ertl
Gábor Somorjai
  Alemanha
  Hungria
for their outstanding contributions to the field of the surface science in general, and for their elucidation of fundamental mechanisms of heterogeneous catalytic reactions at single crystal surfaces in particular.
1999 Raymond Lemieux   Canadá for his fundamental and seminal contributions to the study and synthesis of oligosaccharides and to the elucidation of their role in molecular recognition in biological systems.
2000 Frank Albert Cotton   Estados Unidos for opening up an entirely new phase of transition metal chemistry based on pairs and clusters of metal atoms directly linked by single or multiple bonds.
2001 Henri Kagan
Ryōji Noyori
Barry Sharpless
  França
  Japão
  Estados Unidos
for their pioneering, creative and crucial work in developing asymmetric catalysis for the synthesis of chiral molecules, greatly increasing mankind's ability to create new products of fundamental and practical importance.
2002/3 Não atribuído
2004 Harry Barkus Gray   Estados Unidos for pioneering work in bio-inorganic chemistry, unravelling novel principles of structure and long-range electron transfer in proteins.
2005 Richard Zare   Estados Unidos for his ingenious applications of laser techniques, for identifying complex mechanisms in molecules, and their use in analytical chemistry.
2006/7 Ada Yonath
George Feher
  Israel
  Estados Unidos
for ingenious structural discoveries of the ribosomal machinery of peptide-bond formation and the light-driven primary processes in photosynthesis.
2008 William Moerner
Allen Joseph Bard
  Estados Unidos
  Estados Unidos
for the ingenious creation of a new field of science, single molecule spectroscopy and electrochemistry, with impact at the nanoscopic regime, from the molecular and cellular domain to complex material systems.
2009 Não atribuído
2010 Não atribuído
2011 Stuart Alan Rice
Ching W. Tang
Krzysztof Matyjaszewski
  Estados Unidos;
  Estados Unidos;
  Polônia /   Estados Unidos
for the deep creative contributions to the chemical sciences in the field of synthesis, properties and an understanding of organic materials.
2012 Paul Alivisatos   Estados Unidos for his development of the colloidal inorganic nanocrystal as a building block of nanoscience and for making fundamental contributions to controlling the synthesis of these particles, to measuring and understanding their physical properties.[2]
Charles Lieber   Estados Unidos for his seminal contributions to nanochemistry and particularly the synthesis of single-crystalline semiconductor nanowires, characterization of the fundamental physical properties of nanowires, and their application to electronics, photonics and nanomedicine.[3]
2013 Robert Langer   Estados Unidos for conceiving and implementing advances in polymer chemistry that provide both controlled drug-release systems and new biomaterials.
2014 Chi-Huey Wong   Taiwan for his numerous and original contributions to the development of innovative methods for the programmable and applied synthesis of complex oligosaccharides and glycol-proteins.
2015 Não houve premiação
2016 Kyriacos Costa Nicolaou   Chipre/  Estados Unidos for advancing the field of chemical synthesis to the extremes of molecular complexity, linking structure and function and expanding our dominion over the interface of chemistry, biology and medicine.
Stuart Schreiber   Estados Unidos for pioneering chemical insights into the logic of signal transduction and gene regulation that led to important, new therapeutics and for advancing chemical biology and medicine through the discovery of small-molecule probes.
2017 Robert George Bergman   Estados Unidos for his discovery of the activation responses of carbon-hydrogen bonds in hydrocarbons by soluble organometallic complexes.
2018 Omar M. Yaghi   Jordânia /   Estados Unidos for pioneering Reticular Chemistry via Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) and Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs).
Makoto Fujita   Japão for conceiving metal-directed assembly principles leading to large highly porous complexes.
2019 Stephen L. Buchwald
John F. Hartwig
  Estados Unidos
  Estados Unidos
for pioneering the development of transition metal catalyzed procedures that are broadly applicable and allow carbon-heteroatom bonds of all sorts to be formed with previously unknown efficiency and precision. [4]

Referências

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