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Lista de pessoas que viajaram no espaço

Esta lista de de pessoas que viajaram no espaço é uma lista dos astronautas/cosmonautas/taikonautas que viajaram no espaço como pilotos, engenheiros, cientistas ou outros (como turistas) e que estão classificados como tal na Wikidata.

A lista está ordenada pela data de nascimento de cada astronauta porque não foi possível por enquanto ordená-la pela data da primeira missão de cada um dos astronautas no espaço. A ter sido deste modo, o primeiro da lista seria Iuri Gagarin que em geral é considerado o primeiro ser humano a voar no espaço e a orbitar a Terra, viagem que efectuou a bordo da Vostok I, em 1961. De salientar também Valentina Tereshkova como a primeira mulher a navegar no espaço o que fez a bordo da Vostok VI, em 1963. E ainda Neil Armstrong como o primeiro homem a pisar a face da lua ao alunar a bordo do módulo lunar da Apollo 11, em 1969.[1]

Não existe unanimidade de classificação da altitude acima da qual um viajante pode ser considerado astronauta. Enquanto nos Estados Unidos essa altitude está fixada em 50 milhas,[2] pela Federação Aeronáutica Internacional a altitude acima da qual um viajante se pode considerar astronauta é a linha de Kármán, ou seja 100 quilómetros (62 milhas) acima do nível do mar.[3]

Esta lista é gerada a partir dos dados do Wikidata e é atualizada periodicamente por um robô.
Edições feitas no conteúdo da lista serão removidas na próxima atualização!

Imagem Nome Data de nascimento Data de morte Nacionalidade Missão
WalkerE-6682.jpg
Joseph A. Walker 1921-02-20 1966-06-08 Estados Unidos X-15 Flight 91
X-15 Flight 90 1963-07-19
Georgy Beregovoy and Carrier Rocket Start.jpg
Georgi Beregovoi 1921-04-15 1995-06-30 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 3 1968-10-26 ref
John Glenn Low Res.jpg
John Glenn 1921-07-18 2016-12-08 Estados Unidos Mercury-Atlas 6 1962-02-20 ref
STS-95 1998-10-29 ref
Walter M. Schirra (Apollo 7).jpg
Walter Schirra 1923-03-12 2007-05-03 Estados Unidos Gemini 6A 1965-12-15 ref
Mercury-Atlas 8 1962-10-03 ref
Apollo 7 1968-10-11 ref
Shepard Plants Flag (9457427917).jpg
Alan Shepard 1923-11-18 1998-07-21 Estados Unidos Mercury-Redstone 3 1961-05-05
Apollo 14 1971-01-31 ref
Donald K. Slayton.jpg
Donald Slayton 1924-03-01 1993-06-13 Estados Unidos Apollo–Soyuz Test Project 1975-07-15 ref
Robert M. White.jpg
Robert Michael White 1924-07-06 2010-03-17 Estados Unidos North American X-15
Robert A. Rushworth.jpg
Robert A. Rushworth 1924-10-09 1993-03-17 Estados Unidos North American X-15
MalcolmScottCarpenter.jpg
Scott Carpenter 1925-05-01 2013-10-10 Estados Unidos Mercury-Atlas 7 1962-05-24 ref
Voskhod-2 Pavel.jpg
Pavel Belyayev 1925-06-26 1970-01-10 União Soviética Voskhod 2 1965-03-18 ref
1974 CPA 4403 (cropped).jpg
Lev Demin 1926-01-11 1998-12-18 União Soviética Soyuz 15 1974-08-26 ref
Konstantin Feoktistov 1965.jpg
Konstantin Feoktistov 1926-02-07 2009-11-21 União Soviética
Rússia
Voskhod 1 1964-10-12 ref
Virgil I. (Gus) Grissom portrait.jpg
Virgil Grissom 1926-04-03 1967-01-27 Estados Unidos Mercury-Redstone 4 1961-07-21
Gemini 3 1965-03-23 ref
Henize.jpg
Karl Henize 1926-10-17 1993-10-05 Estados Unidos STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
Gordon Cooper in Helmet and Pressure Suit - GPN-2000-001000.jpg
Gordon Cooper 1927-03-06 2004-10-04 Estados Unidos Mercury-Atlas 9 1963-05-15 ref
Gemini 5 1965-08-21 ref
Vladimir Komarov foto grupal grupo de cosmonautas (cropped).jpg
Vladimir Komarov 1927-03-16 1967-04-24 União Soviética Soyuz 1 1967-04-23 ref
Voskhod 1 1964-10-12 ref
Elliot See.jpg
Elliot See 1927-07-23 1966-02-28 Estados Unidos NASA Astronaut Group 2 1962-09-01
The Soviet Union 1969 CPA 3811 stamp (Vladimir Shatalov and Aleksei Yeliseyev (Soyuz 8)) cropped Shatalov.jpg
Vladimir Shatalov 1927-12-08 Rússia
União Soviética
Soyuz 10 1971-04-22 ref
Soyuz 8 1969-10-13 ref
Soyuz 4 1969-01-14 ref
Vasily Lazarev (cropped).jpg
Vasili Lazarev 1928-02-23 1990-12-31 União Soviética Soyuz 12 1973-09-27 ref
Soyuz 7K-T No.39 1975-04-05
1975 CPA 4445 Crop Filipchenko.jpg
Anatoli Filipchenko 1928-02-26 Rússia
União Soviética
Soyuz 7 1969-10-12 ref
Soyuz 16 1974-12-02 ref
Frank Borman.jpg
Frank Borman 1928-03-14 Estados Unidos Gemini 7 1965-12-04
Apollo 8 1968-12-21 ref
James Lovell.jpg
James Lovell 1928-03-25 Estados Unidos Gemini 12 1966-11-11 ref
Gemini 7 1965-12-04 ref
Apollo 13 1970-04-11 ref
Apollo 8 1968-12-21 ref
USSR stamp Georgi Dobrovolski cropped.jpg
Georgi Dobrovolski 1928-06-01 1971-06-30 União Soviética Soyuz 11 1971-06-06 ref
WilliamThornton.jpg
William Thornton 1929-04-14 Estados Unidos STS-8 1983-08-30 ref
STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
JamesMcDivitt.jpg
James McDivitt 1929-06-10 Estados Unidos Apollo 9 1969-03-03 ref
Gemini 4 1965-06-03 ref
Andrian Nikolaev atwedding.jpg
Andrian Nikolayev 1929-09-05 2004-07-03 União Soviética
Rússia
Vostok 3 1962-08-11 ref
Soyuz 9 1970-06-01 ref
RichardFGordon.jpg
Richard Gordon 1929-10-05 2017-11-06 Estados Unidos Apollo 12 1969-11-14 ref
Gemini 11 1966-09-12 ref
Pete Knight by X15 19671003.jpg
William J. Knight 1929-11-18 2004-05-07 Estados Unidos North American X-15
Aldrin.jpg
Buzz Aldrin 1930-01-20 Estados Unidos Apollo 11 1969-07-16 ref
Gemini 12 1966-11-11 ref
William R. Pogue.png
William Pogue 1930-01-23 2014-03-03 Estados Unidos Skylab 4 1973-11-16 ref
Theodore Cordy Freeman.jpg
Theodore Freeman 1930-02-18 1964-10-31 Estados Unidos NASA Astronaut Group 3
Irwin Scoops up Soil - GPN-2000-001129.jpg
James Irwin 1930-03-17 1991-08-08 Estados Unidos Apollo 15 1971-07-26 ref
Michael J Adams X-15.jpg
Michael J. Adams 1930-05-05 1967-11-15 Estados Unidos North American X-15
X-15 Flight 3-65-97
Don Lind.jpg
Don Lind 1930-05-18 Estados Unidos STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
Conrad Unfurls Flag - GPN-2000-001104.jpg
Charles Conrad 1930-06-02 1999-07-08 Estados Unidos Apollo 12 1969-11-14 ref
Skylab 2 1973-05-25 ref
Gemini 5 1965-08-21 ref
Gemini 11 1966-09-12 ref
Yury Artyukhin.jpg
Yuri Artyukhin 1930-06-22 1998-08-04 União Soviética Soyuz 14 1974-07-03 ref
Eisele donn (crop).jpg
Donn Eisele 1930-06-23 1987-12-02 Estados Unidos Apollo 7 1968-10-11 ref
Neil Armstrong pose.jpg
Neil Armstrong 1930-08-05 2012-08-25 Estados Unidos Apollo 11 1969-07-16 ref
Apollo 11 1969-07-16 ref
Apollo 11 1969-07-16 ref
Gemini 8 1966-03-16 ref
Gemini 8 1966-03-16 ref
Apollo 14 Camera.JPG
Edgar Mitchell 1930-09-17 2016-02-04 Estados Unidos Apollo 14 1971-01-31 ref
Thomas Stafford.jpg
Thomas Stafford 1930-09-17 Estados Unidos Gemini 9A 1966-06-03 ref
Gemini 6A 1965-12-15 ref
Apollo 10 1969-05-18 ref
Apollo–Soyuz Test Project 1975-07-15
John Watts Young.jpg
John Young 1930-09-24 2018-01-05 Estados Unidos Apollo 16 1972-04-16
STS-9 1983-11-28 ref
Apollo 10 1969-05-18 ref
STS-1 1981-04-12 ref
Gemini 3 1965-03-23 ref
Gemini 10 1966-07-18 ref
Pavel Popovich.jpg
Pavel Popovich 1930-10-05 2009-09-29 União Soviética
Rússia
Ucrânia
Soyuz 14 1974-07-03 ref
Vostok 4 1962-08-12 ref
Michael collins.jpg
Michael Collins 1930-10-31 Estados Unidos Apollo 11 1969-07-16 ref
Gemini 10 1966-07-18 ref
X-15 (2151457821).jpg
Bill Dana 1930-11-03 2014-05-06 Estados Unidos North American X-15 ref
EdwardWhite.jpeg
Edward White 1930-11-14 1967-01-27 Estados Unidos Gemini 4 1965-06-03 ref
Owen Garriott.jpg
Owen Garriott 1930-11-22 2019-04-15 Estados Unidos STS-9 1983-11-28 ref
Skylab 3 1973-07-28 ref
Cosmonaut Aleksei Gubarev (cropped).jpg
Aleksei Gubarev 1931-03-29 2015-02-21 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 17 1975-01-10 ref
Soyuz 28 1978-03-02 ref
VanceDBrand.jpg
Vance Brand 1931-05-09 Estados Unidos STS-5 1982-11-11 ref
STS-41-B 1984-02-03 ref
STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
Georgy Grechko.jpg
Georgi Grechko 1931-05-25 2017-04-08 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 17 1975-01-10 ref
Soyuz T-13 1985-06-06
Soyuz T-14 1985-09-17 ref
Soyuz 27 1978-01-10
Soyuz 26 1977-12-10 ref
Mikhail Fedorovich Rebrov 1931-07-03 1998-04-24 Soyuz 7K-L1
Jack Swigert.jpg
John Swigert 1931-08-30 1982-12-27 Estados Unidos Apollo 13 1970-04-11 ref
Charles Bassett.jpg
Charles Bassett 1931-12-30 1966-02-28 Estados Unidos NASA Astronaut Group 3
Al Worden Apollo 15 CMP.jpg
Alfred Worden 1932-02-07 Estados Unidos Apollo 15 1971-07-26 ref
Astronaut Joseph Kerwin portrait.jpg
Joseph Kerwin 1932-02-19 Estados Unidos Skylab 2 1973-05-25 ref
Apollo12Visor.jpg
Alan Bean 1932-03-15 2018-05-26 Estados Unidos Apollo 12 1969-11-14 ref
Skylab 3 1973-07-28 ref
Apollo 7 Cunningham.jpg
Walter Cunningham 1932-03-16 Estados Unidos Apollo 7 1968-10-11 ref
Lodewijk van den Berg.jpg
Lodewijk van den Berg 1932-03-24 Estados Unidos STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
Scott on the Rover - GPN-2000-001306.jpg
David Scott 1932-06-06 Estados Unidos Apollo 15 1971-07-26 ref
Apollo 9 1969-03-03 ref
Gemini 8 1966-03-16 ref
Paul Weitz.jpg
Paul Weitz 1932-07-25 2017-10-22 Estados Unidos Skylab 2 1973-05-25 ref
STS-6 1983-04-04 ref
Gerald P. Carr 2.jpg
Gerald Carr 1932-08-22 Estados Unidos Skylab 4 1973-11-16 ref
Joe Engle.jpg
Joseph Henry Engle 1932-08-26 Estados Unidos STS-51-I 1985-08-27 ref
STS-2 1981-11-12 ref
1975 CPA 4445 Crop Rukavishnikov.jpg
Nikolai Rukavishnikov 1932-09-18 2002-10-19 União Soviética Soyuz 10 1971-04-22 ref
Soyuz 16 1974-12-02 ref
Soyuz 33 1979-04-10 ref
Williams-c.jpg
Clifton Williams 1932-09-26 1967-10-05 Estados Unidos NASA Astronaut Group 3
GarnNASA.jpg
Jake Garn 1932-10-12 Estados Unidos STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
Col. Richard E. Lawyer.jpg
Richard E. Lawyer 1932-11-08 2005-11-12 Estados Unidos Manned Orbiting Laboratory
USSR stamp Oleg.jpg
Oleg Makarov 1933-01-06 2003-05-28 União Soviética Soyuz 12 1973-09-27 ref
Soyuz 27 1978-01-10 ref
Soyuz T-3 1980-11-27 ref
USSR stamp Viktor Patsayev cropped.jpg
Viktor Patsayev 1933-06-19 1971-06-30 União Soviética Soyuz 11 1971-06-06 ref
Roosa.jpg
Stuart Roosa 1933-08-16 1994-12-12 Estados Unidos Apollo 14 1971-01-31 ref
The Soviet Union 1969 CPA 3724 stamp from sheet Yevgeny Khrunov cropped.jpg
Yevgeny Khrunov 1933-09-10 2000-05-19 União Soviética Soyuz 4 1969-01-14
Soyuz 5 1969-01-15 ref
Valentina Ponomaryova 1933-09-18 Rússia
União Soviética
Vostok programme
Voskhod programme
William Anders.jpg
William Anders 1933-10-17 Estados Unidos Apollo 8 1968-12-21 ref
Donald Peterson-NASA-file-photo.jpg
Donald Peterson 1933-10-22 2018-05-27 Estados Unidos STS-6 1983-04-04 ref
Ronald Evans.jpg
Ronald Evans 1933-11-10 1990-04-07 Estados Unidos Apollo 17 1972-12-07 ref
Fred Haise GPN-2000-001166.jpg
Fred Haise 1933-11-14 Estados Unidos Apollo 13 1970-04-11 ref
Henryhartsfield.jpg
Henry Hartsfield Jr. 1933-11-21 2014-07-17 Estados Unidos STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
STS-4 1982-06-27 ref
STS-41-D 1984-08-30 ref
Yuri Gagarin (1961).jpg
Iuri Gagarin 1934-03-09 1968-03-27 União Soviética Vostok 1 1961-04-12 ref
Apollo 17 Cernan on moon.jpg
Eugene Cernan 1934-03-14 2017-01-16 Estados Unidos Gemini 9A 1966-06-03 ref
Apollo 10 1969-05-18 ref
Apollo 17 1972-12-07 ref
Aleksey Leonov ASTP - cropped.jpg
Aleksei Leonov 1934-05-30 Rússia Soyuz 19 1975-07-15 ref
Voskhod 2 1965-03-18 ref
The Soviet Union 1969 CPA 3811 stamp (Vladimir Shatalov and Aleksei Yeliseyev (Soyuz 8)) cropped Yeliseyev.jpg
Aleksei Yeliseyev 1934-07-13 União Soviética Soyuz 4 1969-01-14
Soyuz 10 1971-04-22 ref
Soyuz 8 1969-10-13 ref
Soyuz 5 1969-01-15 ref
WaleriBykowski.jpg
Valery Bykovsky 1934-08-02 2019-03-27 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 22 1976-09-15 ref
Vostok 5 1963-06-14 ref
Soyuz 29 1978-06-15
Soyuz 31 1978-08-26 ref
Viktor Gorbatko 21.jpg
Viktor Gorbatko 1934-12-03 2017-05-17 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 36 1980-05-26
Soyuz 7 1969-10-12 ref
Soyuz 37 1980-07-23 ref
Soyuz 24 1977-02-07 ref
Boris Volynov 2016.jpg
Boris Volynov 1934-12-18 Rússia Soyuz 21 1976-07-06 ref
Soyuz 5 1969-01-15 ref
Valeriy N. Kubasov ASTP portrait - cropped.jpg
Valeri Kubasov 1935-01-07 2014-02-19 União Soviética Soyuz 36 1980-05-26 ref
Soyuz 19 1975-07-15 ref
Soyuz 35 1980-04-09
Soyuz 6 1969-10-11 ref
Vladimir Aksyonov in a 1980 stamp.jpg
Vladimir Aksyonov 1935-02-01 União Soviética Soyuz 22 1976-09-15 ref
Soyuz T-2 1980-06-05 ref
Schmitt Covered with Lunar Dirt - GPN-2000-001124.jpg
Harrison Schmitt 1935-07-03 Estados Unidos Apollo 17 1972-12-07 ref
Pv-sevastyanov-v-i-2002-face.jpg
Vitali Sevastyanov 1935-07-08 2010-04-05 União Soviética Soyuz 18 1975-05-24 ref
Soyuz 9 1970-06-01 ref
The Soviet Union 1969 CPA 3809 stamp (Georgi Shonin and Valeri Kubasov (Soyuz 6)) cropped Shonin.jpg
Georgi Shonin 1935-08-03 1997-04-06 União Soviética Soyuz 6 1969-10-11 ref
StoryMusgrave.jpg
Story Musgrave 1935-08-19 Estados Unidos STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
STS-6 1983-04-04 ref
STS-80 1996-11-19 ref
STS-33 1989-11-23 ref
STS-44 1991-11-24 ref
Gherman Titov 2.jpg
Gherman Titov 1935-09-11 2000-09-20 União Soviética
Rússia
Vostok 2 1961-08-06 ref
Charles Duke (29881269755).jpg
Charles Duke 1935-10-03 Estados Unidos Apollo 16 1972-04-16 ref
RustySchweickart.jpg
Russell Schweickart 1935-10-25 Estados Unidos Apollo 9 1969-03-03 ref
The Soviet Union 1969 CPA 3810 stamp (Anatoly Filipchenko, Vladislav Volkov and Viktor Gorbatko (Soyuz 7)) cropped Volkov.jpg
Vladislav Volkov 1935-11-23 1971-06-30 União Soviética Soyuz 11 1971-06-06 ref
Soyuz 7 1969-10-12 ref
Lousma.jpg
Jack Lousma 1936-02-29 Estados Unidos STS-3 1982-03-22 ref
Skylab 3 1973-07-28 ref
Loren Acton.jpg
Loren Acton 1936-03-07 Estados Unidos STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
Mattingly Ken.jpg
Thomas Mattingly 1936-03-17 Estados Unidos STS-51-C 1985-01-24 ref
Apollo 16 1972-04-16 ref
STS-4 1982-06-27 ref
Overmyer robert 4.jpg
Robert Overmyer 1936-07-14 1996-03-22 Estados Unidos STS-5 1982-11-11 ref
STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
Fullerton.jpg
Gordon Fullerton 1936-10-11 2013-08-21 Estados Unidos STS-3 1982-03-22 ref
STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
Gibson-e.jpg
Edward Gibson 1936-11-08 Estados Unidos Skylab 4 1973-11-16 ref
RobertParker.jpg
Robert Parker 1936-12-14 Estados Unidos STS-9 1983-11-28 ref
STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
Sigmund Jahn cropped.jpg
Sigmund Jähn 1937-02-13 Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental
Soyuz 29 1978-06-15
Soyuz 31 1978-08-26 ref
RIAN archive 612748 Valentina Tereshkova.jpg
Valentina Tereshkova 1937-03-06 Rússia
União Soviética
Vostok 6 1963-06-16 ref
Igor Volk 2.jpg
Igor Volk 1937-04-12 2017-01-03 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-12 1984-07-17 ref
BM II.jpg
Bruce McCandless 1937-06-08 2017-12-21 Estados Unidos STS-41-B 1984-02-03 ref
STS-31 1990-04-24 ref
Soyuz-21 Vitali Zholobov.jpg
Vitali Zholobov 1937-06-18 União Soviética
Ucrânia
Soyuz 21 1976-07-06 ref
JosephAllen.jpg
Joseph Allen 1937-06-27 Estados Unidos STS-5 1982-11-11 ref
STS-51-A 1984-11-08 ref
Robert Crippen.jpg
Robert Crippen 1937-09-11 Estados Unidos STS-1 1981-04-12 ref
STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
STS-7 1983-06-18 ref
STS-41-C 1984-04-06 ref
Richard H. Truly - GPN-2002-000090.jpg
Richard Truly 1937-11-12 Estados Unidos STS-8 1983-08-30 ref
STS-2 1981-11-12 ref
B.B. Egorov. Photograph. Wellcome V0026324.jpg
Boris Yegorov 1937-11-26 1994-09-12 União Soviética
Rússia
Voskhod 1 1964-10-12 ref
Bobko.jpg
Karol Bobko 1937-12-23 Estados Unidos
Polónia
STS-51-J 1985-10-03 ref
STS-6 1983-04-04 ref
STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
Chretien.jpg
Jean-Loup Chrétien 1938-08-20 Estados Unidos
França
Soyuz TM-6 1988-08-29
Soyuz TM-7 1988-11-26 ref
STS-86 1997-09-26 ref
Soyuz T-6 1982-06-24 ref
Fabian nasa.jpg
John Fabian 1939-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-G 1985-06-17 ref
STS-7 1983-06-18 ref
Valery Rozhdestvensky.jpg
Valeri Rozhdestvensky 1939-02-13 2011-08-31 União Soviética Soyuz 23 1976-10-14 ref
WilliamBLenoir.jpg
William Lenoir 1939-03-14 2010-08-26 Estados Unidos STS-5 1982-11-11 ref
Scobee-fr.jpg
Francis Scobee 1939-05-19 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-41-C 1984-04-06 ref
Ryumin, Valery Victorovitch.jpg
Valeri Ryumin 1939-08-16 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 37 1980-07-23
Soyuz 34 1979-06-06
STS-91 1998-06-02 ref
Soyuz 32 1979-02-25 ref
Soyuz 35 1980-04-09 ref
Soyuz 25 1977-10-09 ref
Stanleydavidgriggs.jpg
David Griggs 1939-09-07 1989-06-17 Estados Unidos STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
Yuri Glazkov Soyuz-24.jpg
Yuri Glazkov 1939-10-02 2008-12-09 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 24 1977-02-07 ref
Viktor Petrovich Savinykh .jpg
Viktor Savinykh 1940-03-07 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-14 1985-09-17
Soyuz TM-5 1988-06-07 ref
Soyuz TM-4 1987-12-21
Soyuz T-4 1981-03-12 ref
Soyuz T-13 1985-06-06 ref
Taylor Wang - full.jpg
Taylor Wang 1940-06-16 Estados Unidos STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
Georgi Ivanov detail.png
Georgi Ivanov 1940-07-02 Bulgária Soyuz 33 1979-04-10 ref
Dennis Tito.jpg
Dennis Tito 1940-08-08 Estados Unidos Soyuz TM-31 2000-10-31
Soyuz TM-32 2001-04-28 ref
Roger Crouch.jpg
Roger Crouch 1940-09-12 Estados Unidos STS-83 1997-04-04 ref
STS-94 1997-07-01 ref
Ivanchenkov Космонавты СССР.jpg
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov 1940-09-28 União Soviética Soyuz 31 1978-08-26
Soyuz 29 1978-06-15 ref
Soyuz T-6 1982-06-24 ref
Gennady Strekalov.jpg
Gennady Strekalov 1940-10-26 2004-12-25 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-8 1983-04-20 ref
Soyuz T-10 1984-02-08
Soyuz 7K-ST No. 16L 1983-09-26
Soyuz TM-10 1990-08-01 ref
STS-71 1995-06-27
Soyuz T-11 1984-04-03 ref
Soyuz TM-21 1995-03-14 ref
Soyuz T-3 1980-11-27 ref
Reinhard Furrer.jpg
Reinhard Furrer 1940-11-25 1995-09-09 Alemanha STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
Gregory-f.jpg
Frederick Gregory 1941-01-07 Estados Unidos STS-33 1989-11-23 ref
STS-44 1991-11-24 ref
STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
Frimout.jpg
Dirk Frimout 1941-03-21 Bélgica STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
Hauck-fh.jpg
Frederick Hauck 1941-04-11 Estados Unidos STS-51-A 1984-11-08 ref
STS-7 1983-06-18 ref
STS-26 1988-09-29 ref
Anatoli Levchenko 1941-05-21 1988-08-06 União Soviética Soyuz TM-3 1987-07-22
Soyuz TM-4 1987-12-21 ref
Ulf Merbold (1984).jpg
Ulf Merbold 1941-06-20 Alemanha
Alemanha Oriental
STS-9 1983-11-28 ref
STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
Soyuz TM-19 1994-07-01
Soyuz TM-20 1994-10-03 ref
1984 CPA 5522 (cropped - Vladimir Lyakhov).jpg
Vladimir Lyakhov 1941-07-20 2018-04-19 União Soviética Soyuz TM-5 1988-06-07
Soyuz T-9 1983-06-27 ref
Soyuz TM-6 1988-08-29 ref
Soyuz 34 1979-06-06
Soyuz 32 1979-02-25 ref
Кизим Леонид Денисович.jpg
Leonid Kizim 1941-08-05 2010-06-14 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-11 1984-04-03
Soyuz T-10 1984-02-08 ref
Soyuz T-3 1980-11-27 ref
Soyuz T-15 1986-03-13 ref
Ю.В. Малышев.jpg
Iúri Malichev 1941-08-27 1999-11-08 União Soviética Soyuz T-10 1984-02-08
Soyuz T-11 1984-04-03 ref
Soyuz T-2 1980-06-05 ref
Miroslaw H.jpg
Miroslaw Hermaszewski 1941-09-15 Polónia Soyuz 30 1978-06-27 ref
Gennadi Sarafanov.png
Gennadi Sarafanov 1942-01-01 2005-09-29 União Soviética Soyuz 15 1974-08-26 ref
Vyacheslav Zudov.jpg
Vyacheslav Zudov 1942-01-08 União Soviética Soyuz 23 1976-10-14 ref
Arnaldo Tamayo Berlim 2018.jpg
Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez 1942-01-29 Cuba Soyuz 38 1980-09-18 ref
Williams-de.jpg
Donald Williams 1942-02-13 2016-02-23 Estados Unidos STS-34 1989-10-18 ref
STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
Vladimir Kovalyonok 05.jpg
Vladimir Kovalyonok 1942-03-03 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-4 1981-03-12 ref
Soyuz 31 1978-08-26
Soyuz 29 1978-06-15 ref
Soyuz 25 1977-10-09 ref
Березовой Анатолий Николаевич.jpg
Anatoli Berezovoy 1942-04-11 2014-09-20 União Soviética Soyuz T-7 1982-08-19
Soyuz T-5 1982-05-13 ref
Лебедев Валентин Витальевич.jpg
Valentin Lebedev 1942-04-14 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-7 1982-08-19
Soyuz T-5 1982-05-13 ref
Soyuz 13 1973-12-18 ref
Valery Polyakov.jpg
Valeri Polyakov 1942-04-27 Rússia
União Soviética
Soyuz TM-18 1994-01-08 ref
Soyuz TM-6 1988-08-29 ref
Soyuz TM-20 1994-10-03
Soyuz TM-7 1988-11-26
Ba-dzhanibekov-v-a-2002-square.jpg
Vladimir Dzhanibekov 1942-05-13 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-12 1984-07-17 ref
Soyuz 39 1981-03-22 ref
Soyuz 26 1977-12-10
Soyuz 27 1978-01-10 ref
Soyuz T-6 1982-06-24 ref
Soyuz T-13 1985-06-06 ref
AnthonyWEngland.jpg
Anthony England 1942-05-15 Estados Unidos STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
Robert Springer.jpg
Robert Springer 1942-05-21 Estados Unidos STS-29 1989-03-13 ref
STS-38 1990-11-15 ref
Климук Петро Ілліч.PNG
Pyotr Klimuk 1942-07-10 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz 18 1975-05-24 ref
Soyuz 30 1978-06-27 ref
Soyuz 13 1973-12-18 ref
Akiyama Toyohiro.jpg
Toyohiro Akiyama 1942-07-22 Japão Soyuz TM-10 1990-08-01
Soyuz TM-11 1990-12-02 ref
Stewart-rl.jpg
Robert Stewart 1942-08-13 Estados Unidos STS-51-J 1985-10-03 ref
STS-41-B 1984-02-03 ref
John Elmer Blaha.jpg
John Blaha 1942-08-26 Estados Unidos STS-58 1993-10-18 ref
STS-29 1989-03-13 ref
STS-81 1997-01-12
STS-79 1996-09-16 ref
STS-33 1989-11-23 ref
STS-43 1991-08-02 ref
Bill Nelson.jpg
Bill Nelson 1942-09-29 Estados Unidos STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
Guion Bluford.jpg
Guion Bluford 1942-11-22 Estados Unidos STS-39 1991-04-28 ref
STS-8 1983-08-30 ref
STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
STS-53 1992-12-02 ref
ShannonLucid.jpeg
Shannon Lucid 1943-01-14 Estados Unidos STS-51-G 1985-06-17 ref
STS-58 1993-10-18 ref
STS-34 1989-10-18 ref
STS-76 1996-03-22 ref
STS-79 1996-09-16
STS-43 1991-08-02 ref
Daniel Brandenstein.jpg
Daniel Brandenstein 1943-01-17 Estados Unidos STS-51-G 1985-06-17 ref
STS-8 1983-08-30 ref
STS-49 1992-05-07 ref
STS-32 1990-01-09 ref
Robert Cabana.jpg
Robert Cabana 1943-01-23 Estados Unidos STS-65 1994-07-08 ref
STS-53 1992-12-02 ref
STS-88 1998-12-04 ref
STS-41 1990-10-06 ref
Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov.jpg
Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov 1943-02-20 União Soviética Soyuz T-9 1983-06-27 ref
Soyuz TM-3 1987-07-22 ref
Creighton.jpg
John Creighton 1943-04-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-G 1985-06-17 ref
STS-48 1991-09-12 ref
STS-36 1990-02-28 ref
Thagard-ne.jpg
Norman Thagard 1943-07-03 Estados Unidos STS-71 1995-06-27
STS-30 1989-05-04 ref
STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
Soyuz TM-21 1995-03-14 ref
STS-7 1983-06-18 ref
STS-51-B 1985-04-29 ref
John Casper.jpg
John Casper 1943-07-09 Estados Unidos STS-62 1994-03-04 ref
STS-77 1996-05-19 ref
STS-36 1990-02-28 ref
STS-54 1993-01-13 ref
Roy Bridges.jpg
Roy Bridges Jr. 1943-07-19 Estados Unidos STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
Astronaut michael mcculley.jpg
Michael McCulley 1943-08-04 Estados Unidos STS-34 1989-10-18 ref
Mcbride-ja.jpg
Jon McBride 1943-08-14 Estados Unidos STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
Samuel Durrance.jpg
Samuel Durrance 1943-09-17 Estados Unidos STS-67 1995-03-02 ref
STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
Aleksandr Serebrov.jpg
Aleksandr Serebrov 1944-02-15 2013-11-12 União Soviética Soyuz T-8 1983-04-20 ref
Soyuz T-7 1982-08-19 ref
Soyuz T-5 1982-05-13
Soyuz TM-17 1993-07-01 ref
Soyuz TM-8 1989-09-05 ref
Walker-dm.jpg
David Walker 1944-05-20 2001-04-23 Estados Unidos STS-69 1995-09-07 ref
STS-53 1992-12-02 ref
STS-30 1989-05-04 ref
STS-51-A 1984-11-08 ref
Astronaut paul desmond scully power.jpg
Paul Scully-Power 1944-05-28 Estados Unidos
Austrália
STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
Vanhoften-jda.jpg
James van Hoften 1944-06-11 Estados Unidos STS-51-I 1985-08-27 ref
STS-41-C 1984-04-06 ref
USSR Stamp 1978 Salyut6 Cosmonauts-2 cropped.jpg
Yuri Romanenko 1944-08-01 União Soviética Soyuz TM-3 1987-07-22
Soyuz 27 1978-01-10
Soyuz TM-2 1987-02-05 ref
Soyuz 38 1980-09-18 ref
Soyuz 26 1977-12-10 ref
Gregory Jarvis (NASA) cropped.jpg
Gregory Jarvis 1944-08-24 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-L 1986-01-28
Claude Nicollier (1999, cropped).jpg
Claude Nicollier 1944-09-02 Suíça STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
STS-75 1996-02-22 ref
STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
STS-103 1999-12-20 ref
Sherwood Spring.jpg
Sherwood Spring 1944-09-03 Estados Unidos STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
Charles Veach.jpg
Charles Veach 1944-09-18 1995-10-03 Estados Unidos STS-39 1991-04-28 ref
STS-52 1992-10-22 ref
Shriver-lj.jpg
Loren Shriver 1944-09-23 Estados Unidos STS-51-C 1985-01-24 ref
STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
STS-31 1990-04-24 ref
JeffreyAlanHoffman.jpg
Jeffrey Hoffman 1944-11-02 Estados Unidos STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
STS-75 1996-02-22 ref
STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
John-David Francis Bartoe.jpg
John-David Bartoe 1944-11-17 Estados Unidos STS-51-F 1985-07-29 ref
Gregory Olsen.jpg
Gregory Olsen 1945-04-20 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-6 2005-04-15
Soyuz TMA-7 2005-10-01 ref
Michael Smith (NASA).jpg
Michael Smith 1945-04-30 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-L 1986-01-28
Shaw-b.jpg
Brewster Shaw 1945-05-16 Estados Unidos STS-28 1989-08-08 ref
STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
STS-9 1983-11-28 ref
Ernst Messerschmid 1.jpg
Ernst Messerschmid 1945-05-21 Alemanha STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
Ronald Grabe.jpg
Ronald Grabe 1945-06-13 Estados Unidos STS-51-J 1985-10-03 ref
STS-57 1993-06-21 ref
STS-30 1989-05-04 ref
STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
James Buchli.jpg
James Buchli 1945-06-20 Estados Unidos STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
STS-29 1989-03-13 ref
STS-51-C 1985-01-24 ref
STS-48 1991-09-12 ref
Leonid Popov.jpg
Leonid Popov 1945-08-31 União Soviética Soyuz T-7 1982-08-19 ref
Soyuz 37 1980-07-23
Soyuz T-5 1982-05-13
Soyuz 40 1981-05-14 ref
Soyuz 35 1980-04-09 ref
Richard M. Mullane in blue flight suit.jpg
Richard Mullane 1945-09-10 Estados Unidos STS-27 1988-12-02 ref
STS-41-D 1984-08-30 ref
STS-36 1990-02-28 ref
Bjarni Tryggvason.jpg
Bjarni Tryggvason 1945-09-21 Canadá STS-85 1997-08-07 ref
Roberta Bondar2.jpg
Roberta Bondar 1945-12-04 Canadá STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
Millie Hughes-Fulford.jpg
Millie Hughes-Fulford 1945-12-21 Estados Unidos STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
MichaelCoats.jpg
Michael Coats 1946-01-16 Estados Unidos STS-39 1991-04-28 ref
STS-29 1989-03-13 ref
STS-41-D 1984-08-30 ref
James Adamson.jpg
James Adamson 1946-03-03 Estados Unidos STS-28 1989-08-08 ref
STS-43 1991-08-02 ref
Patrick Baudry.jpg
Patrick Baudry 1946-03-06 França STS-51-G 1985-06-17 ref
Wubbo Ockels 2007.jpg
Wubbo Ockels 1946-03-28 2014-05-18 Holanda STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
William Frederick Fisher (Astronaut).jpg
William Fisher 1946-04-01 Estados Unidos STS-51-I 1985-08-27 ref
Drew Gaffney.jpg
Drew Gaffney 1946-06-09 Estados Unidos STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
Ellison Shoji Onizuka (NASA).jpg
Ellison Onizuka 1946-06-24 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-L 1986-01-28
STS-51-C 1985-01-24 ref
John Lounge.jpg
John Lounge 1946-06-28 2011-03-01 Estados Unidos STS-51-I 1985-08-27 ref
STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
STS-26 1988-09-29 ref
ToktarAwbakirov 140x190.jpg
Toktar Aubakirov 1946-07-27 União Soviética
Cazaquistão
Soyuz TM-12 1991-05-18
Soyuz TM-13 1991-10-02 ref
Covey.jpg
Richard Covey 1946-08-01 Estados Unidos STS-51-I 1985-08-27 ref
STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
STS-26 1988-09-29 ref
STS-38 1990-11-15 ref
CharlesBolden.jpg
Charles Bolden Jr. 1946-08-19 Estados Unidos STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
STS-31 1990-04-24 ref
STS-60 1994-02-03 ref
Richard Richards.jpg
Richard Richards 1946-08-24 Estados Unidos STS-28 1989-08-08 ref
STS-64 1994-09-09 ref
STS-41 1990-10-06 ref
STS-50 1992-06-25 ref
Bryan D. O'Connor.jpg
Bryan O'Connor 1946-09-06 Estados Unidos STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
Malerba.jpg
Franco Malerba 1946-10-10 Itália STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
Hart-tj.jpg
Terry Hart 1946-10-27 Estados Unidos STS-41-C 1984-04-06 ref
Steven Nagel.jpg
Steven Nagel 1946-10-27 2014-08-21 Estados Unidos STS-51-G 1985-06-17 ref
STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
STS-55 1993-04-26 ref
STS-37 1991-04-05 ref
Gibson-rl.jpg
Robert Gibson 1946-10-30 Estados Unidos STS-71 1995-06-27 ref
STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
STS-27 1988-12-02 ref
STS-41-B 1984-02-03 ref
STS-47 1992-09-12 ref
Vladimir Solovyov flight director.jpg
Vladimir Solovyov 1946-11-11 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-11 1984-04-03
Soyuz T-10 1984-02-08 ref
Soyuz T-15 1986-03-13 ref
Titov cropped.jpg
Vladimir Titov 1947-01-01 União Soviética Soyuz T-8 1983-04-20 ref
Soyuz TM-6 1988-08-29
Soyuz 7K-ST No. 16L 1983-09-26
STS-86 1997-09-26 ref
STS-63 1995-02-03 ref
Soyuz TM-4 1987-12-21 ref
Mary Cleave.jpg
Mary Cleave 1947-02-05 Estados Unidos STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
STS-30 1989-05-04 ref
TUÂN PHAM.JPG
Pham Tuan 1947-02-14 Vietname Soyuz 36 1980-05-26
Soyuz 37 1980-07-23 ref
Викторенко Александр Степанович.jpg
Alexander Viktorenko 1947-03-29 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TM-14 1992-03-17 ref
Soyuz TM-2 1987-02-05
Soyuz TM-8 1989-09-05 ref
Soyuz TM-20 1994-10-03 ref
Soyuz TM-3 1987-07-22 ref
Manley Carter.jpg
Manley Carter 1947-08-15 1991-04-05 Estados Unidos STS-33 1989-11-23 ref
MRSeddon.jpg
Rhea Seddon 1947-11-08 Estados Unidos STS-58 1993-10-18 ref
STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa.jpeg
Jugderdemidiyn Gurragcha 1947-12-05 Mongólia Soyuz 39 1981-03-22 ref
Guy Gardner.jpg
Guy Gardner (astronauta) 1948-01-06 Estados Unidos STS-27 1988-12-02 ref
STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
Anatoli Soloviyov.jpg
Anatoly Solovyev 1948-01-16 União Soviética
Rússia
STS-71 1995-06-27 ref
Soyuz TM-5 1988-06-07 ref
Soyuz TM-4 1987-12-21
Soyuz TM-21 1995-03-14
Soyuz TM-9 1990-02-11 ref
Soyuz TM-15 1992-07-27 ref
Soyuz TM-26 1997-08-05 ref
Jerry Ross.jpg
Jerry Ross 1948-01-20 Estados Unidos STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
STS-55 1993-04-26 ref
STS-27 1988-12-02 ref
STS-37 1991-04-05 ref
STS-88 1998-12-04 ref
STS-110 2002-04-08 ref
STS-74 1995-11-12 ref
Mamoru Mohri portrait.jpg
Mamoru Mohri 1948-01-29 Japão STS-99 2000-02-11 ref
STS-47 1992-09-12 ref
Byron Lichtenberg.jpg
Byron Lichtenberg 1948-02-19 Estados Unidos STS-9 1983-11-28 ref
STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
Jean-Pierre Haigneré.jpg
Jean-Pierre Haigneré 1948-05-19 França Soyuz TM-29 1999-02-20
Soyuz TM-16 1993-01-24
Soyuz TM-17 1993-07-01
Aleksandr Volkov Geek Picnic (cropped).jpg
Aleksandr Volkov 1948-05-27 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-14 1985-09-17 ref
Soyuz TM-13 1991-10-02 ref
Soyuz TM-7 1988-11-26 ref
Gary Payton.jpg
Gary Payton 1948-06-20 Estados Unidos STS-51-C 1985-01-24 ref
1983 CPA 5375 (1) (Савицкая).jpg
Svetlana Savitskaya 1948-08-08 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz T-12 1984-07-17 ref
Soyuz T-7 1982-08-19 ref
Soyuz T-5 1982-05-13
CharlesDWalker.jpg
Charles Walker 1948-08-29 Estados Unidos STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
STS-41-D 1984-08-30 ref
STS-51-D 1985-04-12 ref
Christa McAuliffe.jpg
Christa McAuliffe 1948-09-02 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-L 1986-01-28
Charles simonyi.jpg
Charles Simonyi 1948-09-10 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-9 2006-09-18
Soyuz TMA-10 2007-04-07 ref
Soyuz TMA-13 2008-10-12
Soyuz TMA-14 2009-03-26 ref
VladimirRemek.jpg
Vladimír Remek 1948-09-26 República Checa Soyuz 28 1978-03-02 ref
Robert Cenker.jpg
Robert Cenker 1948-11-05 Estados Unidos STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
Gardner-d.jpg
Dale Gardner 1948-11-08 2014-02-19 Estados Unidos STS-8 1983-08-30 ref
STS-51-A 1984-11-08 ref
Viktor Afanasyev on the ISS b.jpg
Viktor Afanasyev 1948-12-31 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TM-18 1994-01-08 ref
Soyuz TM-11 1990-12-02 ref
Soyuz TM-32 2001-04-28
Soyuz TM-33 2001-10-21 ref
Soyuz TM-29 1999-02-20 ref
Rakesh sharma.jpg
Rakesh Sharma 1949-01-13 Índia Soyuz T-10 1984-02-08
Soyuz T-11 1984-04-03 ref
Marc Garneau - 2018 (42748534304) (cropped).jpg
Marc Garneau 1949-02-23 Canadá STS-97 2000-12-01 ref
STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
STS-77 1996-05-19 ref
Bonnie J. Dunbar.jpg
Bonnie Dunbar 1949-03-03 Estados Unidos STS-61-A 1985-10-30 ref
STS-71 1995-06-27 ref
STS-89 1998-01-23 ref
STS-50 1992-06-25 ref
STS-32 1990-01-09 ref
James Voss.jpg
James Voss 1949-03-03 Estados Unidos STS-102 2001-03-08 ref
STS-105 2001-08-10
STS-69 1995-09-07 ref
STS-53 1992-12-02 ref
STS-101 2000-05-19 ref
STS-44 1991-11-24 ref
Expedition 2 2001-03-10
Judith A. Resnik, official portrait (cropped).jpg
Judith Resnik 1949-04-05 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-41-D 1984-08-30 ref
STS-51-L 1986-01-28
Jean-Jacques Favier.jpg
Jean-Jacques Favier 1949-04-13 França STS-78 1996-06-20 ref
Jerome Apt.jpg
Jay Apt 1949-04-28 Estados Unidos STS-37 1991-04-05 ref
STS-59 1994-04-09 ref
STS-79 1996-09-16 ref
STS-47 1992-09-12 ref
Albert Sacco.jpg
Albert Sacco Jr. 1949-05-03 Estados Unidos STS-73 1995-10-20 ref
DavidCornellLeestma.jpg
David Leestma 1949-05-06 Estados Unidos STS-28 1989-08-08 ref
STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
USSR stamp Atkov cropped.jpg
Oleg Atkov 1949-05-09 União Soviética Soyuz T-11 1984-04-03
Soyuz T-10 1984-02-08 ref
Frank Culbertson Jr.jpg
Frank Culbertson Jr. 1949-05-15 Estados Unidos STS-105 2001-08-10 ref
STS-108 2001-12-05
STS-51 1993-09-12 ref
STS-38 1990-11-15 ref
Expedition 3 2001-08-12
Yuri Baturin 2001.jpg
Yuri Baturin 1949-06-12 Rússia
União Soviética
Soyuz TM-27 1998-01-29
Soyuz TM-31 2000-10-31
Soyuz TM-32 2001-04-28 ref
Soyuz TM-28 1998-08-13 ref
William Shepherd.jpg
William Shepherd 1949-07-26 Estados Unidos STS-102 2001-03-08 ref
STS-41 1990-10-06
STS-27 1988-12-02 ref
Expedition 1 2000-11-02 ref
Soyuz TM-31 2000-10-31 ref
STS-52 1992-10-22 ref
Bertalan Farkas (Author - Rudolf Csiba).jpg
Bertalan Farkas 1949-08-02 Hungria Soyuz 36 1980-05-26 ref
Soyuz 35 1980-04-09
Fisher-a.jpg
Anna Fisher 1949-08-24 Estados Unidos STS-51-A 1984-11-08 ref
Michel Tognini.jpg
Michel Tognini 1949-09-30 França Soyuz TM-14 1992-03-17
STS-93 1999-07-23 ref
Soyuz TM-15 1992-07-27 ref
Terrence Wilcutt.jpg
Terrence Wilcutt 1949-10-31 Estados Unidos STS-106 2000-09-08 ref
STS-68 1994-09-30 ref
STS-89 1998-01-23 ref
STS-79 1996-09-16 ref
Kenneth Cameron.jpg
Kenneth Cameron 1949-11-29 Estados Unidos STS-56 1993-04-08 ref
STS-37 1991-04-05 ref
STS-74 1995-11-12 ref
Bruce E. Melnick.jpg
Bruce Melnick 1949-12-05 Estados Unidos STS-41 1990-10-06 ref
STS-49 1992-05-07 ref
Joseph Tanner.jpg
Joseph Tanner 1950-01-21 Estados Unidos STS-66 1994-11-03 ref
STS-97 2000-12-01 ref
STS-115 2006-09-09 ref
STS-82 1997-02-11 ref
DavidCarlHilmers.jpg
David Hilmers 1950-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-51-J 1985-10-03 ref
STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
STS-26 1988-09-29 ref
STS-36 1990-02-28 ref
Changdiaz.jpg
Franklin Chang-Díaz 1950-04-05 Estados Unidos
Costa Rica
STS-34 1989-10-18 ref
STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
STS-91 1998-06-02 ref
STS-75 1996-02-22 ref
STS-111 2002-06-05 ref
STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
STS-60 1994-02-03 ref
Ken Cockrell.jpg
Kenneth Cockrell 1950-04-09 Estados Unidos STS-69 1995-09-07 ref
STS-56 1993-04-08 ref
STS-80 1996-11-19 ref
STS-98 2001-02-07 ref
STS-111 2002-06-05 ref
Gennadi Manakov 1950-06-01 Rússia Soyuz TM-10 1990-08-01 ref
Soyuz TM-16 1993-01-24 ref
Lawrence DeLucas.jpg
Lawrence DeLucas 1950-07-11 Estados Unidos STS-50 1992-06-25 ref
Nelson-p.jpg
George Nelson 1950-07-13 Estados Unidos STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
STS-26 1988-09-29 ref
STS-41-C 1984-04-06 ref
Winston Scott.jpg
Winston Scott 1950-08-06 Estados Unidos STS-72 1996-01-11 ref
STS-87 1997-11-19 ref
DR- EUGENE TRINH.jpg
Eugene Trinh 1950-09-14 Vietname
Estados Unidos
STS-50 1992-06-25 ref
Boris Vladimirovich Morukov.jpg
Boris Morukov 1950-10-01 2015-01-01 União Soviética
Rússia
STS-106 2000-09-08 ref
Ronald McNair (S78-35300).jpg
Ronald McNair 1950-10-21 1986-01-28 Estados Unidos STS-41-B 1984-02-03 ref
STS-51-L 1986-01-28
Carl Meade.jpg
Carl Meade 1950-11-16 Estados Unidos STS-64 1994-09-09 ref
STS-50 1992-06-25 ref
STS-38 1990-11-15 ref
Talgat Musabayev.jpg
Talgat Musabayev 1951-01-07 União Soviética
Rússia
Cazaquistão
Soyuz TM-27 1998-01-29 ref
Soyuz TM-31 2000-10-31
Soyuz TM-32 2001-04-28 ref
Soyuz TM-19 1994-07-01 ref
Leonid Kadenyuk.jpg
Leonid Kadenyuk 1951-01-28 2018-01-31 União Soviética
Ucrânia
STS-87 1997-11-19 ref
U2mir musa manarov.jpg
Musa Manarov 1951-03-22 União Soviética Soyuz TM-6 1988-08-29
Soyuz TM-11 1990-12-02 ref
Soyuz TM-4 1987-12-21 ref
Kenneth Reightler.jpg
Kenneth Reightler Jr. 1951-03-24 Estados Unidos STS-48 1991-09-12 ref
STS-60 1994-02-03 ref
MarshaIvins-NASA.jpg
Marsha Ivins 1951-04-15 Estados Unidos STS-62 1994-03-04 ref
STS-98 2001-02-07 ref
STS-81 1997-01-12 ref
STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
STS-32 1990-01-09 ref
Johnphillips v2.jpg
John Phillips 1951-04-15 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-6 2005-04-15 ref
STS-119 2009-03-15 ref
STS-100 2001-04-19 ref
Expedition 11 2005-04-17
Лавейкин А. И..jpg
Aleksandr Laveykin 1951-04-21 União Soviética Soyuz TM-2 1987-02-05 ref
Thomas D Akers.jpg
Thomas Akers 1951-05-20 Estados Unidos STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
STS-79 1996-09-16 ref
STS-41 1990-10-06 ref
STS-49 1992-05-07 ref
Ronald Parise.jpg
Ronald Parise 1951-05-24 2008-05-09 Estados Unidos STS-67 1995-03-02 ref
STS-35 1990-12-02 ref
Sally Ride in 1984.jpg
Sally Ride 1951-05-26 2012-07-23 Estados Unidos STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
STS-7 1983-06-18 ref
Muhammed Ahmed Faris.jpg
Muhammed Faris 1951-05-26 Síria Soyuz TM-3 1987-07-22
Soyuz TM-2 1987-02-05 ref
Sidney Gutierrez.jpg
Sidney Gutierrez 1951-06-27 Estados Unidos STS-59 1994-04-09 ref
STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
Stephen Oswald.jpg
Stephen Oswald 1951-06-30 Estados Unidos STS-67 1995-03-02 ref
STS-56 1993-04-08 ref
STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
William McArthur - jsc2005e36545.jpg
William McArthur Jr. 1951-07-26 Estados Unidos STS-58 1993-10-18 ref
STS-92 2000-10-11 ref
Soyuz TMA-7 2005-10-01 ref
STS-74 1995-11-12 ref
Expedition 12 2005-10-03
Hans schlegel v2.jpg
Hans Schlegel 1951-08-03 Alemanha STS-55 1993-04-26 ref
STS-122 2008-02-07 ref
Brady astronaut.jpg
Charles Brady Jr. 1951-08-12 2006-07-23 Estados Unidos STS-78 1996-06-20 ref
Kathryn D. Sullivan.jpg
Kathryn Sullivan 1951-10-03 Estados Unidos STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
STS-41-G 1984-10-05 ref
STS-31 1990-04-24 ref
Mark Brown.jpg
Mark Brown 1951-11-18 Estados Unidos STS-28 1989-08-08 ref
STS-48 1991-09-12 ref
Barbara morgan.jpg
Barbara Morgan 1951-11-28 Estados Unidos STS-118 2007-08-08 ref
Александр Александров Панайотов.JPG
Aleksandr Aleksandrov 1951-12-01 Bulgária Soyuz TM-5 1988-06-07 ref
Soyuz TM-4 1987-12-21
Hawley-sa.jpg
Steven Hawley 1951-12-12 Estados Unidos STS-93 1999-07-23 ref
STS-61-C 1986-01-12 ref
STS-41-D 1984-08-30 ref
STS-31 1990-04-24 ref
STS-82 1997-02-11 ref
Astronaut Andy Thomas.jpg
Andrew Thomas 1951-12-18 Estados Unidos
Austrália
STS-102 2001-03-08 ref
STS-114 2005-07-26 ref
STS-91 1998-06-02
STS-77 1996-05-19 ref
STS-89 1998-01-23 ref
Fred Leslie.jpg
Fred Leslie 1951-12-19 Estados Unidos STS-73 1995-10-20 ref
L Blaine Hammond.jpg
Blaine Hammond 1952-01-16 Estados Unidos STS-39 1991-04-28 ref
STS-64 1994-09-09 ref
WilliamFrancisReaddy.jpg
William Readdy 1952-01-24 Estados Unidos STS-51 1993-09-12 ref
STS-42 1992-01-22 ref
STS-79 1996-09-16 ref
Mario Runco.jpg
Mario Runco Jr. 1952-01-26 Estados Unidos STS-77 1996-05-19 ref
STS-44 1991-11-24 ref
STS-54 1993-01-13 ref
James Philipp Bagian.jpg
James Bagian 1952-02-22 Estados Unidos STS-29 1989-03-13 ref
STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
Vladimir Vasyutin 1952-03-08 2002-07-19 União Soviética Soyuz T-14 1985-09-17 ref
Chiaki Mukai.jpg
Chiaki Mukai 1952-05-06 Japão STS-65 1994-07-08 ref
STS-95 1998-10-29 ref
Charles J. Camarda.jpg
Charles Camarda 1952-05-08 Estados Unidos STS-114 2005-07-26 ref
Donald McMonagle.jpg
Donald McMonagle 1952-05-14 Estados Unidos STS-39 1991-04-28 ref
STS-66 1994-11-03 ref
STS-54 1993-01-13 ref
WilliamAPailes.jpg
William Pailes 1952-06-26 Estados Unidos STS-51-J 1985-10-03 ref
Linda Godwin.jpg
Linda Godwin 1952-07-02 Estados Unidos STS-108 2001-12-05 ref
STS-37 1991-04-05 ref
STS-59 1994-04-09 ref
STS-76 1996-03-22 ref
Terence Henricks.jpg
Terence Henricks 1952-07-05 Estados Unidos STS-55 1993-04-26 ref
STS-78 1996-06-20 ref
STS-70 1995-07-13 ref
STS-44 1991-11-24 ref
M C lee.jpg
Mark Lee 1952-08-14 Estados Unidos STS-30 1989-05-04
STS-64 1994-09-09
STS-82 1997-02-11
STS-47 1992-09-12
KathrynThornton.jpg
Kathryn Thornton 1952-08-17 Estados Unidos STS-73 1995-10-20 ref
STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
STS-33 1989-11-23 ref
STS-49 1992-05-07 ref
Thomas Hennen.jpg
Thomas Hennen 1952-08-17 Estados Unidos STS-44 1991-11-24
Klaus-Dietrich Flade.jpg
Klaus-Dietrich Flade 1952-08-23 Alemanha Soyuz TM-13 1991-10-02
Soyuz TM-14 1992-03-17
Lee Morin.jpg
Lee Morin 1952-09-09 Estados Unidos STS-110 2002-04-08
Stamp of Moldova md389.jpg
Dumitru Prunariu 1952-09-27 Roménia
República Socialista da Romênia
Soyuz 40 1981-05-14
Michael Clifford.jpg
Michael Clifford 1952-10-13 Estados Unidos STS-53 1992-12-02 ref
STS-59 1994-04-09 ref
STS-76 1996-03-22 ref
Walerij Tokariew - jsc2005e36546.jpg
Valery Tokarev 1952-10-29 Rússia STS-96 1999-05-27
Soyuz TMA-7 2005-10-01
Expedition 12 2005-10-03
James Wetherbee.jpg
James Wetherbee 1952-11-27 Estados Unidos STS-102 2001-03-08
STS-52 1992-10-22
STS-32 1990-01-09
STS-86 1997-09-26
STS-113 2002-11-24
STS-63 1995-02-03
Ronald Sega.jpg
Ronald Sega 1952-12-04 Estados Unidos STS-76 1996-03-22 ref
STS-60 1994-02-03 ref
Mexico.RodolfoNeriVela.01.jpg
Rodolfo Neri Vela 1953-02-19 México STS-61-B 1985-11-27 ref
Waleri Grigorjewitsch Korsun.jpg
Valery Korzun 1953-03-05 Rússia Soyuz TM-24 1996-08-17
STS-111 2002-06-05
STS-113 2002-11-24
Expedition 5 2002-06-07
Ellen Louise Shulman Baker.jpg
Ellen Baker 1953-04-27 Estados Unidos STS-50 1992-06-25
STS-71 1995-06-27
STS-34 1989-10-18
Budarin, Nikolai M.jpg
Nikolai Budarin 1953-04-29 Rússia STS-71 1995-06-27
Soyuz TM-27 1998-01-29
Soyuz TMA-1 2002-10-30
Soyuz TM-21 1995-03-14
STS-113 2002-11-24
Expedition 6 2002-11-25
Brian Duffy.jpg
Brian Duffy 1953-06-20 Estados Unidos STS-92 2000-10-11 ref
STS-72 1996-01-11 ref
STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
STS-57 1993-06-21 ref
Aleksandr Balandin 1953-07-30 União Soviética Soyuz TM-9 1990-02-11
Robert thirsk v2.jpg
Robert Thirsk 1953-08-17 Canadá Soyuz TMA-15 2009-05-27
STS-78 1996-06-20
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Expedition 21 2009-09-30
Pavel Vinogradov 2013.jpg
Pavel Vinogradov 1953-08-31 Rússia Soyuz TMA-8 2006-03-30
Expedition 36 2013-05-13
Expedition 35 2013-03-13
Expedition 13 2006-04-01
Soyuz TM-26 1997-08-05
Soyuz TMA-08M 2013-03-28
Gerhard Thiele.jpg
Gerhard Thiele 1953-09-02 Alemanha STS-99 2000-02-11
Michael Allen Baker.jpg
Michael Baker 1953-10-27 Estados Unidos STS-68 1994-09-30 ref
STS-81 1997-01-12 ref
STS-43 1991-08-02 ref
STS-52 1992-10-22 ref
Aleksander Poleshchuk 1953-10-30 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TM-16 1993-01-24
Jan Davis.jpg
Jan Davis 1953-11-01 Estados Unidos STS-85 1997-08-07 ref
STS-60 1994-02-03 ref
STS-47 1992-09-12 ref
Daniel Thomas Barry.jpg
Daniel Barry 1953-12-30 Estados Unidos STS-72 1996-01-11
STS-105 2001-08-10
STS-96 1999-05-27
Tsibliyev.jpg
Vasili Tsibliyev 1954-02-20 Rússia Soyuz TM-25 1997-02-10
Soyuz TM-17 1993-07-01
Reilly cropped.jpg
James Reilly 1954-03-18 Estados Unidos STS-89 1998-01-23
STS-117 2007-06-08
STS-104 2001-07-12
Dafydd Williams.jpg
Dafydd Williams 1954-05-16 Canadá STS-90 1998-04-17
STS-118 2007-08-08
Jeffrey S Ashby.jpg
Jeffrey Ashby 1954-06-01 Estados Unidos STS-100 2001-04-19
STS-112 2002-10-07
STS-93 1999-07-23
Ilan Ramon, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg
Ilan Ramon 1954-06-20 2003-02-01 Israel STS-107 2003-01-16
Gregory Carl Johnson.jpg
Gregory Carl Johnson 1954-07-30 Estados Unidos STS-125 2009-05-11
Umberto Guidoni NASA.jpg
Umberto Guidoni 1954-08-18 Itália STS-100 2001-04-19
STS-75 1996-02-22
Doi.jpg
Takao Doi 1954-09-18 Japão STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-87 1997-11-19
Kevin Chilton.jpg
Kevin Chilton 1954-11-03 Estados Unidos STS-59 1994-04-09 ref
STS-76 1996-03-22 ref
STS-49 1992-05-07 ref
Steve MacLean.jpg
Steven MacLean 1954-12-14 Canadá STS-115 2006-09-09
STS-52 1992-10-22
Jerry Linenger.jpg
Jerry Linenger 1955-01-16 Estados Unidos STS-64 1994-09-09
STS-84 1997-05-15
STS-81 1997-01-12
Thomas Jones.jpg
Thomas Jones 1955-01-22 Estados Unidos STS-59 1994-04-09 ref
STS-68 1994-09-30 ref
STS-80 1996-11-19 ref
STS-98 2001-02-07 ref
Piers sellers v1.jpg
Piers Sellers 1955-04-11 2016-12-23 Reino Unido
Estados Unidos
STS-132 2010-05-14
STS-112 2002-10-07
STS-121 2006-07-04
DonaldPettit.jpg
Donald Pettit 1955-04-20 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-1 2002-10-30
STS-126 2008-11-15
Expedition 31 2012-04-27
STS-113 2002-11-24
Soyuz TMA-03M 2011-12-21
Expedition 30 2011-11-21
Expedition 6 2002-11-25
Donald Thomas.jpg
Donald Thomas 1955-05-06 Estados Unidos STS-65 1994-07-08 ref
STS-83 1997-04-04 ref
STS-70 1995-07-13 ref
STS-94 1997-07-01 ref
Pierre Thuot.jpg
Pierre Thuot 1955-05-19 Estados Unidos STS-62 1994-03-04 ref
STS-36 1990-02-28 ref
STS-49 1992-05-07 ref
Charles Precourt KSC39A.jpeg
Charles Precourt 1955-06-29 Estados Unidos STS-84 1997-05-15 ref
STS-71 1995-06-27 ref
STS-55 1993-04-26 ref
STS-91 1998-06-02 ref
Andrew allen.jpg
Andrew Allen 1955-08-04 Estados Unidos STS-62 1994-03-04 ref
STS-75 1996-02-22 ref
STS-46 1992-07-31 ref
CharlesDGemar.jpg
Charles Gemar 1955-08-04 Estados Unidos STS-62 1994-03-04 ref
STS-48 1991-09-12 ref
STS-38 1990-11-15 ref
Carl Walz.jpg
Carl Walz 1955-09-06 Estados Unidos STS-65 1994-07-08 ref
STS-108 2001-12-05 ref
STS-51 1993-09-12 ref
STS-111 2002-06-05
STS-79 1996-09-16 ref
Expedition 4 2001-12-07
Richard Hieb.jpg
Richard Hieb 1955-09-21 Estados Unidos STS-65 1994-07-08
STS-39 1991-04-28
STS-49 1992-05-07
Stephen Robinson NASA STS114.jpg
Stephen Robinson 1955-10-26 Estados Unidos STS-114 2005-07-26
STS-95 1998-10-29
STS-130 2010-02-08
STS-85 1997-08-07
Sergey Avdeev.jpg
Sergei Avdeyev 1956-01-01 Rússia
União Soviética
Soyuz TM-22 1995-09-03
Soyuz TM-29 1999-02-20
Soyuz TM-28 1998-08-13
Soyuz TM-15 1992-07-27
Low David.jpg
David Low 1956-02-19 2008-03-15 Estados Unidos STS-57 1993-06-21
STS-32 1990-01-09
STS-43 1991-08-02
Curtis Brown.jpg
Curtis Brown 1956-03-11 Estados Unidos STS-66 1994-11-03 ref
STS-85 1997-08-07 ref
STS-77 1996-05-19 ref
STS-47 1992-09-12 ref
STS-103 1999-12-20 ref
STS-95 1998-10-29 ref
Gregory J. Harbaugh portrait.jpg
Gregory Harbaugh 1956-04-15 Estados Unidos STS-39 1991-04-28 ref
STS-71 1995-06-27 ref
STS-82 1997-02-11 ref
STS-54 1993-01-13 ref
David M. Brown, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg
David Brown 1956-04-16 2003-02-01 Estados Unidos STS-107 2003-01-16
Paul Lockhart.jpg
Paul Lockhart 1956-04-28 Estados Unidos STS-111 2002-06-05
STS-113 2002-11-24
Michael Gernhardt2.jpg
Michael Gernhardt 1956-05-04 Estados Unidos STS-83 1997-04-04
STS-69 1995-09-07
STS-104 2001-07-12
STS-94 1997-07-01
Alexander Kaleri NASA portrait.jpg
Alexander Kaleri 1956-05-13 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TMA-01M 2010-10-07
Soyuz TM-24 1996-08-17
Soyuz TM-14 1992-03-17
Soyuz TM-30 2000-04-04
Soyuz TMA-3 2003-10-18
Expedition 25 2010-09-25
Expedition 26 2010-11-26
Expedition 8 2003-10-20
Mark Polansky.jpg
Mark Polansky 1956-06-02 Estados Unidos STS-116 2006-12-10
STS-127 2009-07-15
STS-98 2001-02-07
Richard Searfoss.jpg
Richard Searfoss 1956-06-05 2018-09-29 Estados Unidos STS-58 1993-10-18 ref
STS-90 1998-04-17 ref
STS-76 1996-03-22 ref
Jay Buckey.jpg
Jay Buckey 1956-06-06 Estados Unidos STS-90 1998-04-17
Bernard Anthony Harris Jr.jpg
Bernard Harris 1956-06-26 Estados Unidos STS-55 1993-04-26 ref
STS-63 1995-02-03 ref
Sultan Salman Al-Saud.jpg
Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud 1956-06-27 Arábia Saudita STS-51-G 1985-06-17
Kent Rominger.jpg
Kent Rominger 1956-08-07 Estados Unidos STS-73 1995-10-20 ref
STS-96 1999-05-27 ref
STS-85 1997-08-07 ref
STS-80 1996-11-19 ref
STS-100 2001-04-19 ref
DavidWolfv2.jpg
David Wolf 1956-08-23 Estados Unidos STS-58 1993-10-18 ref
STS-112 2002-10-07 ref
STS-89 1998-01-23
STS-86 1997-09-26 ref
STS-127 2009-07-15 ref
Космонавт Анатолий Павлович Арцебарский Екатеринбург 18 апреля 2019 года.jpg
Anatoli Artsebarsky 1956-09-09 União Soviética Soyuz TM-12 1991-05-18
Kevin Kregel.jpg
Kevin Kregel 1956-09-16 Estados Unidos STS-78 1996-06-20 ref
STS-87 1997-11-19 ref
STS-70 1995-07-13 ref
STS-99 2000-02-11 ref
James Halsell.jpg
James Halsell Jr. 1956-09-29 Estados Unidos STS-65 1994-07-08 ref
STS-83 1997-04-04 ref
STS-94 1997-07-01 ref
STS-101 2000-05-19 ref
STS-74 1995-11-12 ref
Janice Voss.jpg
Janice Voss 1956-10-08 2012-02-06 Estados Unidos STS-83 1997-04-04 ref
STS-57 1993-06-21 ref
STS-94 1997-07-01 ref
STS-99 2000-02-11 ref
STS-63 1995-02-03 ref
James H Newman.jpg
James Newman 1956-10-16 Estados Unidos STS-69 1995-09-07 ref
STS-51 1993-09-12 ref
STS-88 1998-12-04 ref
STS-109 2002-03-01 ref
Mae Carol Jemison.jpg
Mae Jemison 1956-10-17 Estados Unidos STS-47 1992-09-12 ref
KenBowersox.jpg
Kenneth Bowersox 1956-11-14 Estados Unidos STS-73 1995-10-20 ref
STS-61 1993-12-02 ref
Soyuz TMA-1 2002-10-30
Expedition 6 2002-11-25 ref
STS-113 2002-11-24 ref
STS-50 1992-06-25 ref
STS-82 1997-02-11 ref
Commander Eileen Collins - GPN-2000-001177.jpg
Eileen Collins 1956-11-19 Estados Unidos STS-84 1997-05-15 ref
STS-93 1999-07-23 ref
STS-114 2005-07-26 ref
STS-63 1995-02-03 ref
Reinhold Ewald, 2008.JPG
Reinhold Ewald 1956-12-18 Alemanha Soyuz TM-25 1997-02-10
Soyuz TM-24 1996-08-17
Astronaut martin joseph fettman.jpg
Martin Fettman 1956-12-31 Estados Unidos STS-58 1993-10-18
Michael Foale.jpg
Michael Foale 1957-01-06 Estados Unidos STS-84 1997-05-15 ref
STS-56 1993-04-08 ref
STS-45 1992-03-24 ref
STS-86 1997-09-26
Soyuz TMA-3 2003-10-18 ref
STS-63 1995-02-03 ref
STS-103 1999-12-20 ref
Expedition 8 2003-10-20
Christer Fuglesang.jpg
Christer Fuglesang 1957-03-18 Suécia STS-128 2009-08-29
STS-116 2006-12-10
Scott J Horowitz.jpg
Scott Horowitz 1957-03-24 Estados Unidos STS-105 2001-08-10 ref
STS-75 1996-02-22 ref
STS-101 2000-05-19 ref
STS-82 1997-02-11 ref
Foreman Michael.jpg
Michael Foreman 1957-03-29 Estados Unidos STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-129 2009-11-16
Yelena Kondakova.jpg
Yelena Kondakova 1957-03-30 Rússia STS-84 1997-05-15
Soyuz TM-20 1994-10-03
Patrick Forrester.jpg
Patrick Forrester 1957-03-31 Estados Unidos STS-105 2001-08-10
STS-128 2009-08-29
STS-117 2007-06-08
Paolo A. Nespoli 2016.jpg
Paolo Nespoli 1957-04-06 Itália Soyuz TMA-20 2010-12-15
STS-120 2007-10-23
Expedition 26 2010-11-26
Expedition 27 2011-03-16
Soyuz MS-05 2017-07-28
Expedition 52 2017-06-02
Expedition 53 2017-09-02
LeopoldEyharts-NASA.jpg
Léopold Eyharts 1957-04-28 França STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-122 2008-02-07
Soyuz TM-27 1998-01-29
Expedition 16 2007-10-10
Soyuz TM-26 1997-08-05
Duane Carey.jpg
Duane Carey 1957-04-30 Estados Unidos STS-109 2002-03-01
Dom gorie.jpg
Dominic Gorie 1957-05-02 Estados Unidos STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-108 2001-12-05
STS-91 1998-06-02
STS-99 2000-02-11
Luca Urbani portrait.jpg
Luca Urbani 1957-05-11 Itália STS-78 1996-06-20
HaignereClaudie.jpg
Claudie Haigneré 1957-05-13 França Soyuz TM-24 1996-08-17
Soyuz TM-32 2001-04-28
Soyuz TM-23 1996-02-21
Soyuz TM-33 2001-10-21
WilliamGGregory.jpg
William Gregory 1957-05-14 Estados Unidos STS-67 1995-03-02 ref
Richard Husband, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg
Rick Husband 1957-07-12 2003-02-01 Estados Unidos STS-107 2003-01-16
STS-96 1999-05-27
Daniel Bursch.jpg
Daniel Bursch 1957-07-25 Estados Unidos STS-108 2001-12-05 ref
STS-51 1993-09-12 ref
STS-68 1994-09-30 ref
STS-77 1996-05-19 ref
STS-111 2002-06-05
Expedition 4 2001-12-07
Richard Linnehan.jpg
Richard Linnehan 1957-09-19 Estados Unidos STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-109 2002-03-01
STS-90 1998-04-17
STS-78 1996-06-20
Gregory Linteris.jpg
Greg Linteris 1957-10-04 Estados Unidos STS-94 1997-07-01
Usachev.jpg
Yuri Usachev 1957-10-09 Rússia STS-102 2001-03-08
STS-105 2001-08-10
Soyuz TM-18 1994-01-08
Soyuz TM-23 1996-02-21
STS-101 2000-05-19
Expedition 2 2001-03-10
Lazutkin.jpg
Aleksandr Lazutkin 1957-10-30 Rússia Soyuz TM-25 1997-02-10
Michael E. Fossum.jpg
Michael Fossum 1957-12-19 Estados Unidos STS-124 2008-05-31
Soyuz TMA-02M 2011-06-07
STS-121 2006-07-04
Expedition 28 2011-05-23
Expedition 29 2011-09-16
Jeffrey N. Williams.jpg
Jeffrey Williams 1958-01-18 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-16 2009-09-30
Soyuz TMA-8 2006-03-30
STS-101 2000-05-19
Expedition 13 2006-04-01
Expedition 21 2009-09-30
Expedition 22 2009-11-30
Soyuz TMA-20M 2016-03-18
Expedition 47 2016-03-02
Expedition 48 2016-06-18
Joe Edwards.jpg
Joe Edwards 1958-02-03 Estados Unidos STS-89 1998-01-23
Susan Helms.jpg
Susan Helms 1958-02-26 Estados Unidos STS-64 1994-09-09 ref
STS-102 2001-03-08 ref
STS-105 2001-08-10 ref
Expedition 2 2001-03-10 ref
STS-78 1996-06-20 ref
STS-101 2000-05-19 ref
STS-54 1993-01-13 ref
Ellen Ochoa.jpg
Ellen Ochoa 1958-05-10 Estados Unidos STS-66 1994-11-03 ref
STS-56 1993-04-08 ref
STS-96 1999-05-27 ref
STS-110 2002-04-08 ref
Thomas Reiter STS-121.jpg
Thomas Reiter 1958-05-23 Alemanha STS-116 2006-12-10
STS-121 2006-07-04
Soyuz TM-22 1995-09-03
Expedition 14 2006-09-18
Expedition 13 2006-04-01
Michael Lopez-Alegria.jpg
Miguel López-Alegría 1958-05-30 Espanha
Estados Unidos
Soyuz TMA-9 2006-09-18
STS-73 1995-10-20
STS-92 2000-10-11
STS-113 2002-11-24
Expedition 14 2006-09-18
Padalka.jpg
Gennady Padalka 1958-06-21 Rússia Soyuz TMA-14 2009-03-26
Soyuz TMA-4 2004-04-19
Soyuz TMA-04M 2012-05-15
Expedition 31 2012-04-27
Expedition 32 2012-07-01
Soyuz TM-28 1998-08-13
Expedition 43 2015-03-11
Expedition 44 2015-06-11
Expedition 9 2004-04-21
Expedition 19 2009-03-28
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Soyuz TMA-16M 2015-03-27
Peter Wisoff.jpg
Peter Wisoff 1958-08-16 Estados Unidos STS-92 2000-10-11 ref
STS-57 1993-06-21 ref
STS-68 1994-09-30 ref
STS-81 1997-01-12 ref
Sergei Treschev.jpg
Sergei Treschev 1958-08-18 Rússia STS-111 2002-06-05
STS-113 2002-11-24
Expedition 5 2002-06-07
Sergei Krikalev.jpg
Sergei Krikalev 1958-08-27 Rússia
União Soviética
Soyuz TM-13 1991-10-02
Soyuz TM-12 1991-05-18
STS-102 2001-03-08
STS-60 1994-02-03
Soyuz TMA-6 2005-04-15
Soyuz TM-31 2000-10-31
STS-88 1998-12-04
Soyuz TM-7 1988-11-26
Expedition 11 2005-04-17
Expedition 1 2000-11-02
Herrington.jpg
John Herrington 1958-09-14 Estados Unidos STS-113 2002-11-24
Kuipers lowres crop.jpg
André Kuipers 1958-10-05 Holanda Soyuz TMA-4 2004-04-19
Soyuz TMA-3 2003-10-18
Expedition 30 2011-11-21
Expedition 31 2012-04-27
Soyuz TMA-03M 2011-12-21
Brent Jett.jpg
Brent Jett 1958-10-05 Estados Unidos STS-97 2000-12-01 ref
STS-115 2006-09-09 ref
STS-72 1996-01-11 ref
STS-81 1997-01-12 ref
John Grunsfeld.jpg
John Grunsfeld 1958-10-10 Estados Unidos STS-125 2009-05-11
STS-103 1999-12-20
STS-67 1995-03-02
STS-109 2002-03-01
STS-81 1997-01-12
Jean-Francois Clervoy.jpg
Jean-François Clervoy 1958-11-19 França STS-84 1997-05-15
STS-66 1994-11-03
STS-103 1999-12-20
Nancy Currie.jpg
Nancy Currie 1958-12-29 Estados Unidos STS-57 1993-06-21 ref
STS-70 1995-07-13 ref
STS-88 1998-12-04 ref
STS-109 2002-03-01 ref
Steven Smith.jpg
Steven Smith 1958-12-30 Estados Unidos STS-68 1994-09-30
STS-103 1999-12-20
STS-82 1997-02-11
STS-110 2002-04-08
Abdul Ahad Mohmand 1959-01-01 Alemanha
Afeganistão
Soyuz TM-6 1988-08-29
Soyuz TM-5 1988-06-07
Yurchikhin.jpg
Fyodor Yurchikhin 1959-01-03 Rússia Soyuz TMA-10 2007-04-07
Soyuz TMA-19 2010-06-15
STS-112 2002-10-07
Expedition 37 2013-09-10
Expedition 36 2013-05-13
Expedition 15 2007-04-07
Expedition 24 2010-06-01
Expedition 25 2010-09-25
Soyuz TMA-09M 2013-05-28
Soyuz MS-04 2017-04-20
Expedition 52 2017-06-02
Expedition 51 2017-04-10
Clayton Anderson.jpg
Clayton Anderson 1959-02-23 Estados Unidos STS-131 2010-04-05
STS-117 2007-06-08
STS-120 2007-10-23
Expedition 15 2007-04-07
Expedition 16 2007-10-10
Michael Bloomfield.jpg
Michael Bloomfield 1959-03-16 Estados Unidos STS-97 2000-12-01
STS-86 1997-09-26
STS-110 2002-04-08
Michael Reed Barratt.jpg
Michael Barratt 1959-04-16 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-14 2009-03-26
STS-133 2011-02-24
Expedition 19 2009-03-28
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Maurizio Cheli.jpg
Maurizio Cheli 1959-05-04 Itália STS-75 1996-02-22
Tamara E. Jernigan.jpg
Tamara Jernigan 1959-05-07 Estados Unidos STS-67 1995-03-02 ref
STS-96 1999-05-27 ref
STS-80 1996-11-19 ref
STS-40 1991-06-05 ref
STS-52 1992-10-22 ref
Wendy Lawrence NASA STS114.jpg
Wendy Lawrence 1959-07-02 Estados Unidos STS-114 2005-07-26
STS-67 1995-03-02
STS-86 1997-09-26
STS-91 1998-06-02
JanetLKavandi-NASA.jpg
Janet Kavandi 1959-07-17 Estados Unidos STS-91 1998-06-02
STS-99 2000-02-11
STS-104 2001-07-12
Scott Douglas Altman.jpg
Scott Altman 1959-08-15 Estados Unidos STS-109 2002-03-01
STS-125 2009-05-11
STS-106 2000-09-08
STS-90 1998-04-17
Kathryn P. Hire.jpg
Kathryn Hire 1959-08-26 Estados Unidos STS-90 1998-04-17
STS-130 2010-02-08
Chris Hadfield 2011.jpg
Chris Hadfield 1959-08-29 Canadá STS-100 2001-04-19
Expedition 34 2012-11-18
Soyuz TMA-07M 2012-12-19
STS-74 1995-11-12
Expedition 35 2013-03-13
Carlos Noriega.jpg
Carlos Noriega 1959-10-08 Peru STS-84 1997-05-15
STS-97 2000-12-01
Timothy J. Creamer.jpg
Timothy Creamer 1959-11-15 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-17 2009-12-20
Expedition 22 2009-11-30
Expedition 23 2010-03-17
Michael P. Anderson.jpg
Michael Anderson 1959-12-25 2003-02-01 Estados Unidos STS-107 2003-01-16
STS-89 1998-01-23
PeggyWhitson-NASA.jpg
Peggy Whitson 1960-02-09 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-11 2007-10-10
STS-111 2002-06-05
STS-113 2002-11-24
Expedition 16 2007-10-10
Soyuz MS-03 2016-11-17
Soyuz MS-04 2017-04-20
Expedition 5 2002-06-07
Expedition 50 2016-10-28
Expedition 52 2017-06-02
Expedition 51 2017-04-10
Richard Mastracchio.jpg
Richard Mastracchio 1960-02-11 Estados Unidos STS-106 2000-09-08
STS-131 2010-04-05
STS-118 2007-08-08
Soyuz TMA-11M 2013-11-07
Expedition 39 2014-03-10
Expedition 38 2013-11-10
Mikhail Tyurin.jpg
Mikhail Tyurin 1960-03-02 Rússia Soyuz TMA-9 2006-09-18
STS-105 2001-08-10
STS-108 2001-12-05
Soyuz TMA-11M 2013-11-07
Expedition 39 2014-03-10
Expedition 38 2013-11-10
Expedition 14 2006-09-18
Expedition 3 2001-08-12
Schargin, Juri G.jpg
Yuri Shargin 1960-03-20 Rússia Soyuz TMA-4 2004-04-19
Soyuz TMA-5 2004-10-14
Mikhail Korniyenko cropped.jpg
Mikhail Kornienko 1960-04-15 Rússia Soyuz TMA-18 2010-04-02
Expedition 43 2015-03-11
Expedition 44 2015-06-11
Expedition 45 2015-09-11
Expedition 46 2015-12-11
Expedition 23 2010-03-17
Expedition 24 2010-06-01
Soyuz TMA-16M 2015-03-27
Soyuz TMA-18M 2015-09-02
Wheelock Douglas.jpg
Douglas Wheelock 1960-05-05 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-19 2010-06-15
STS-120 2007-10-23
Expedition 24 2010-06-01
Expedition 25 2010-09-25
KevinFord.jpg
Kevin Ford 1960-07-07 Estados Unidos STS-128 2009-08-29
Expedition 33 2012-09-16
Expedition 34 2012-11-18
Soyuz TMA-06M 2012-10-23
Franz Viehböck 1960-08-24 Áustria Soyuz TM-13 1991-10-02
Soyuz TM-12 1991-05-18
Steven W. Lindsey.jpg
Steven Lindsey 1960-08-24 Estados Unidos STS-95 1998-10-29
STS-121 2006-07-04
STS-133 2011-02-24
STS-87 1997-11-19
STS-104 2001-07-12
Lee Archambault 2009.jpg
Lee Archambault 1960-08-25 Estados Unidos STS-119 2009-03-15
STS-117 2007-06-08
Leroy Chiao Astronaut.jpg
Leroy Chiao 1960-08-28 Estados Unidos STS-65 1994-07-08 ref
STS-92 2000-10-11 ref
STS-72 1996-01-11 ref
Expedition 10 2004-10-16 ref
Soyuz TMA-5 2004-10-14 ref
ThomasMarshburnv2.jpg
Thomas Marshburn 1960-08-29 Estados Unidos STS-127 2009-07-15
Expedition 34 2012-11-18
Soyuz TMA-07M 2012-12-19
Expedition 35 2013-03-13
James A Pawelczyk.jpg
James Pawelczyk 1960-09-20 Estados Unidos
Polónia
STS-90 1998-04-17
Steven swanson v2.jpg
Steven Swanson 1960-12-03 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-12M 2014-03-25
STS-119 2009-03-15
STS-117 2007-06-08
Expedition 39 2014-03-10
Expedition 40 2014-05-13
Catherine Coleman.jpg
Catherine Coleman 1960-12-14 Estados Unidos STS-73 1995-10-20
Soyuz TMA-20 2010-12-15
STS-93 1999-07-23
Expedition 26 2010-11-26
Expedition 27 2011-03-16
Krasimir Mikhaylov Stoyanov.jpg
Krasimir Stojanow 1961-01-24 Bulgária Soyuz TM-5 1988-06-07
Daniel Tani2.jpg
Daniel Tani 1961-02-01 Estados Unidos STS-122 2008-02-07
STS-108 2001-12-05
STS-120 2007-10-23
Expedition 16 2007-10-10
Yuri Onufrienko.jpg
Yuri Onufriyenko 1961-02-06 Ucrânia
Rússia
STS-108 2001-12-05
Soyuz TM-23 1996-02-21
STS-111 2002-06-05
Expedition 4 2001-12-07
Laurel Clark, NASA photo portrait in blue suit.jpg
Laurel Clark 1961-03-10 2003-02-01 Estados Unidos STS-107 2003-01-16
Frank De Winne (2013).jpg
Frank De Winne 1961-04-25 Bélgica Soyuz TMA-15 2009-05-27
Soyuz TMA-1 2002-10-30
Soyuz TM-34 2002-04-25
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Expedition 21 2009-09-30
Richard garriott july 2008.jpg
Richard Garriott 1961-07-04 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-12 2008-04-08
Soyuz TMA-13 2008-10-12
Daniel Burbank.jpg
Daniel Burbank 1961-07-27 Estados Unidos STS-115 2006-09-09
STS-106 2000-09-08
Expedition 30 2011-11-21
Soyuz TMA-22 2011-11-14
Expedition 29 2011-09-16
Scott Parazynski.jpg
Scott Parazynski 1961-07-28 Estados Unidos STS-66 1994-11-03
STS-95 1998-10-29
STS-100 2001-04-19
STS-86 1997-09-26
STS-120 2007-10-23
Rick Sturckow.jpg
Frederick Sturckow 1961-08-11 Estados Unidos STS-105 2001-08-10
STS-128 2009-08-29
STS-88 1998-12-04
STS-117 2007-06-08
Christopher Ferguson 2011.jpg
Christopher Ferguson 1961-09-01 Estados Unidos
Polónia
STS-115 2006-09-09
STS-135 2011-07-08
STS-126 2008-11-15
Pamela Melroy.jpg
Pamela Melroy 1961-09-17 Estados Unidos STS-92 2000-10-11
STS-112 2002-10-07
STS-120 2007-10-23
William Cameron McCool.jpg
Willie McCool 1961-09-23 2003-02-01 Estados Unidos STS-107 2003-01-16
Susan Still-Kilrain.jpg
Susan Still-Kilrain 1961-10-24 Estados Unidos STS-83 1997-04-04
STS-94 1997-07-01
Garan v2.jpg
Ronald Garan Jr. 1961-10-30 Estados Unidos STS-124 2008-05-31
Soyuz TMA-21 2011-04-04
Expedition 27 2011-03-16
Expedition 28 2011-05-23
Charles hobaugh-2006.jpg
Charles Hobaugh 1961-11-05 Estados Unidos STS-129 2009-11-16
STS-118 2007-08-08
STS-104 2001-07-12
Alan G. Poindexter.jpg
Alan Poindexter 1961-11-05 2012-07-01 Estados Unidos STS-122 2008-02-07
STS-131 2010-04-05
YuriMalenchenko.jpg
Yuri Malenchenko 1961-12-22 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TMA-11 2007-10-10
STS-106 2000-09-08
Soyuz TMA-05M 2012-07-15
Soyuz TMA-2 2003-04-26
Soyuz TM-19 1994-07-01
Expedition 32 2012-07-01
Expedition 33 2012-09-16
Expedition 46 2015-12-11
Expedition 16 2007-10-10
Soyuz TMA-19M 2015-12-15
Expedition 7 2003-04-28
Expedition 47 2016-03-02
Robert Curbeam.jpg
Robert Curbeam 1962-03-05 Estados Unidos STS-116 2006-12-10
STS-85 1997-08-07
STS-98 2001-02-07
Kalpana Chawla, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg
Kalpana Chawla 1962-03-17 2003-02-01 Índia
Estados Unidos
STS-107 2003-01-16 ref
STS-87 1997-11-19 ref
Yuri Gidzenko.jpg
Yuri Gidzenko 1962-03-26 União Soviética
Rússia
STS-102 2001-03-08
Soyuz TM-31 2000-10-31
Soyuz TM-22 1995-09-03
Soyuz TM-34 2002-04-25
Soyuz TM-33 2001-10-21
Expedition 1 2000-11-02
Sergei Zalyotin 2002.jpg
Sergei Zalyotin 1962-04-21 Rússia Soyuz TM-30 2000-04-04
Soyuz TMA-1 2002-10-30
Soyuz TM-34 2002-04-25
Gregory H. Johnson.jpg
Gregory Johnson 1962-05-12 Estados Unidos STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-134 2011-05-16
Zamka G NASA.jpg
George Zamka 1962-06-29 Estados Unidos STS-130 2010-02-08
STS-120 2007-10-23
Vladimir Dezhurov.jpg
Vladimir Dezhurov 1962-07-30 Rússia STS-105 2001-08-10
STS-71 1995-06-27
STS-108 2001-12-05
Soyuz TM-21 1995-03-14
Expedition 3 2001-08-12
Li Qinglong 2010.jpg
Li Qinglong 1962-08 China Shenzhou (spacecraft)
Gregorychamitoffv2.jpg
Gregory Chamitoff 1962-08-06 Estados Unidos STS-124 2008-05-31
STS-134 2011-05-16
STS-126 2008-11-15
Expedition 17 2008-04-08
Expedition 18 2008-10-12
Michael Massimino.jpg
Michael Massimino 1962-08-19 Estados Unidos STS-109 2002-03-01
STS-125 2009-05-11
Mary Ellen Weber.jpg
Mary Weber 1962-08-24 Estados Unidos STS-70 1995-07-13 ref
STS-101 2000-05-19 ref
Rex Walheim.jpg
Rex Walheim 1962-10-10 Estados Unidos STS-122 2008-02-07
STS-135 2011-07-08
STS-110 2002-04-08
Michaelgoodv2.jpg
Michael Good 1962-10-13 Estados Unidos STS-125 2009-05-11
STS-132 2010-05-14
Alvin drew-2007.jpg
Benjamin Drew 1962-11-05 Estados Unidos STS-133 2011-02-24
STS-118 2007-08-08
Nicole Stott v2.jpg
Nicole Stott 1962-11-19 Estados Unidos STS-129 2009-11-16
STS-128 2009-08-29
STS-133 2011-02-24
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Expedition 21 2009-09-30
Barry Wilmore.jpg
Barry Wilmore 1962-12-29 Estados Unidos STS-129 2009-11-16
Expedition 41 2014-09-10
Expedition 42 2014-11-10
Soyuz TMA-14M 2014-09-25
Chen Quan 2010.jpg
Chen Quan 1963 China Shenzhou (spacecraft)
Philippe Perrin.jpg
Philippe Perrin 1963-01-06 França STS-111 2002-06-05
Heide Stefanyshyn-Piper.jpg
Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper 1963-02-07 Estados Unidos STS-115 2006-09-09
STS-126 2008-11-15
Marcos Pontes.jpg
Marcos Pontes 1963-03-11 Brasil Soyuz TMA-8 2006-03-30 ref
Soyuz TMA-7 2005-10-01
Pedro Duque.jpg
Pedro Duque 1963-03-14 Espanha Soyuz TMA-3 2003-10-18 ref
Soyuz TMA-2 2003-04-26 ref
STS-95 1998-10-29 ref
T. Kopra.jpg
Timothy Kopra 1963-04-09 Estados Unidos STS-128 2009-08-29
STS-127 2009-07-15
Expedition 46 2015-12-11
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Soyuz TMA-19M 2015-12-15
Expedition 47 2016-03-02
Lisa M. Nowak.jpg
Lisa Nowak 1963-05-10 Estados Unidos STS-121 2006-07-04
Dr. Helen Sharman.jpg
Helen Sharman 1963-05-30 Reino Unido Soyuz TM-12 1991-05-18
Soyuz TM-11 1990-12-02
Edward Tsang Lu.jpg
Edward Lu 1963-07-01 Estados Unidos STS-106 2000-09-08
STS-84 1997-05-15
Soyuz TMA-2 2003-04-26
Expedition 7 2003-04-28
Koichi wakata.jpg
Koichi Wakata 1963-08-01 Japão STS-72 1996-01-11
STS-92 2000-10-11
Soyuz TMA-11M 2013-11-07
STS-119 2009-03-15
STS-127 2009-07-15
Expedition 39 2014-03-10
Expedition 38 2013-11-10
Expedition 18 2008-10-12
Expedition 19 2009-03-28
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Julie Payette 2017.jpg
Julie Payette 1963-10-20 Canadá STS-96 1999-05-27
STS-127 2009-07-15
Richardarnoldv2.jpg
Richard Arnold 1963-11-26 Estados Unidos STS-119 2009-03-15
Soyuz MS-08 2018-03-21
Expedition 55 2018-02-27
Expedition 56 2018-06-03
Stephenbowenv2.jpg
Stephen Bowen 1964-02-13 Estados Unidos STS-132 2010-05-14
STS-133 2011-02-24
STS-126 2008-11-15
Leland melvin.jpg
Leland Melvin 1964-02-15 Estados Unidos STS-122 2008-02-07
STS-129 2009-11-16
Mark E. Kelly 2001.jpg
Mark Kelly 1964-02-21 Estados Unidos STS-124 2008-05-31
STS-134 2011-05-16
STS-108 2001-12-05
STS-121 2006-07-04
Scott J Kelly.jpg
Scott Kelly 1964-02-21 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-01M 2010-10-07
STS-103 1999-12-20
STS-118 2007-08-08
Expedition 43 2015-03-11
Expedition 44 2015-06-11
Expedition 45 2015-09-11
Expedition 46 2015-12-11
Expedition 25 2010-09-25
Expedition 26 2010-11-26
Soyuz TMA-16M 2015-03-27
Soyuz TMA-18M 2015-09-02
Satoshi Furukawa.jpg
Satoshi Furukawa 1964-04-04 Japão Soyuz TMA-02M 2011-06-07
Expedition 28 2011-05-23
Expedition 29 2011-09-16
Andrei Borisenko 2011.jpg
Andrei Borisenko 1964-04-17 Rússia Soyuz TMA-21 2011-04-04
Expedition 27 2011-03-16
Expedition 28 2011-05-23
Soyuz MS-02 2016-10-19
Expedition 50 2016-10-28
Expedition 49 2016-09-06
James m kelly.jpg
James Kelly 1964-05-14 Estados Unidos STS-114 2005-07-26
STS-102 2001-03-08
Paul Richards.jpg
Paul Richards 1964-05-20 Estados Unidos STS-102 2001-03-08
Ivan Bella (Author - Rudolf Csiba).jpg
Ivan Bella 1964-05-25 Eslováquia Soyuz TM-29 1999-02-20
Soyuz TM-28 1998-08-13
Kononenko.jpg
Oleg Kononenko 1964-06-21 Rússia
Turquemenistão
Soyuz TMA-12 2008-04-08
Expedition 31 2012-04-27
Soyuz TMA-03M 2011-12-21
Expedition 44 2015-06-11
Expedition 45 2015-09-11
Expedition 17 2008-04-08
Expedition 30 2011-11-21
Soyuz TMA-17M 2015-07-22
Expedition 57 2018-10-04
Soyuz MS-11 2018-12-03
Expedition 58 2018-12-20
Expedition 59 2019-03-15
Joan Higginbotham.jpg
Joan Higginbotham 1964-08-03 Estados Unidos STS-116 2006-12-10
Sharipov.jpg
Salizhan Sharipov 1964-08-24 Rússia
União Soviética
STS-89 1998-01-23
Soyuz TMA-5 2004-10-14
Expedition 10 2004-10-16
Stephen frick-2007.jpg
Stephen Frick 1964-09-30 Estados Unidos STS-122 2008-02-07
STS-110 2002-04-08
Ericboev2.jpg
Eric Boe 1964-10-01 Estados Unidos STS-133 2011-02-24
STS-126 2008-11-15
Nie Haisheng.JPG
Nie Haisheng 1964-10-13 China Shenzhou 6 2005-10-12
Shenzhou 10 2013-06-11
Roberto Vittori NASA portrait.jpg
Roberto Vittori 1964-10-15 Itália STS-134 2011-05-16
Soyuz TMA-6 2005-04-15
Soyuz TM-34 2002-04-25
Soyuz TMA-5 2004-10-14
Soyuz TM-33 2001-10-21
Sandra Magnus 2011.jpg
Sandra Magnus 1964-10-30 Estados Unidos STS-112 2002-10-07
STS-135 2011-07-08
STS-119 2009-03-15
STS-126 2008-11-15
Expedition 18 2008-10-12
Nicholas Patrick.jpg
Nicholas Patrick 1964-11-19 Estados Unidos STS-130 2010-02-08
STS-116 2006-12-10
Ken ham v2.jpg
Kenneth Ham 1964-12-12 Estados Unidos STS-124 2008-05-31
STS-132 2010-05-14
LonchakovYuriValentinovich.jpeg
Yuri Lonchakov 1965-03-04 Rússia
União Soviética
STS-100 2001-04-19
Soyuz TMA-1 2002-10-30
Soyuz TMA-13 2008-10-12
Soyuz TM-34 2002-04-25
Expedition 18 2008-10-12
William Oefelein.jpg
William Oefelein 1965-03-29 Estados Unidos STS-116 2006-12-10
Soichi noguchi v2.jpg
Soichi Noguchi 1965-04-15 Japão STS-114 2005-07-26
Soyuz TMA-17 2009-12-20
Expedition 22 2009-11-30
Expedition 23 2010-03-17
Dyor Fei Junlong.jpg
Fei Junlong 1965-05-05 China Shenzhou 6 2005-10-12
John Olivas v2.jpg
John Olivas 1965-05-25 Estados Unidos STS-128 2009-08-29
STS-117 2007-06-08
ShannonWalker.jpg
Shannon Walker 1965-06-04 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-19 2010-06-15
Expedition 24 2010-06-01
Expedition 25 2010-09-25
Stanley G. Love.jpg
Stanley Love 1965-06-08 Estados Unidos STS-122 2008-02-07
Yang Liwei.jpg
Yang Liwei 1965-06-21 China Shenzhou 5 2003-10-15
Scott D. Tingle official portrait.jpg
Scott Tingle 1965-07-19 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-07 2017-12-17
Expedition 54 2017-12-14
Expedition 55 2018-02-27
Andrewfeustelv2.jpg
Andrew Feustel 1965-08-25 Estados Unidos STS-125 2009-05-11
STS-134 2011-05-16
Soyuz MS-08 2018-03-21
Expedition 55 2018-02-27
Expedition 56 2018-06-03
Sunita Williams.jpg
Sunita Williams 1965-09-19 Estados Unidos STS-116 2006-12-10
Soyuz TMA-05M 2012-07-15
STS-117 2007-06-08
Expedition 32 2012-07-01
Expedition 33 2012-09-16
Expedition 14 2006-09-18
Expedition 15 2007-04-07
Robert Satcher.jpg
Robert Satcher 1965-09-22 Estados Unidos STS-129 2009-11-16
Oleg Kotov.jpg
Oleg Kotov 1965-10-27 Rússia Soyuz TMA-10 2007-04-07
Soyuz TMA-17 2009-12-20
Expedition 38 2013-11-10
Expedition 37 2013-09-10
Expedition 15 2007-04-07
Expedition 22 2009-11-30
Expedition 23 2010-03-17
Soyuz TMA-10M 2013-09-25
Sergei Revin 2011.jpg
Sergei Revin 1966-01-12 Rússia Soyuz TMA-04M 2012-05-15
Expedition 31 2012-04-27
Expedition 32 2012-07-01
Zhang Xiaoguang 1966-05 China Shenzhou 10 2013-06-11 ref
Alexander Skvortsov cropped.jpg
Alexandr Skvortsov 1966-05-06 Rússia Soyuz TMA-18 2010-04-02
Soyuz TMA-12M 2014-03-25
Expedition 39 2014-03-10
Expedition 40 2014-05-13
Expedition 23 2010-03-17
Expedition 24 2010-06-01
AnoushehAnsari.jpg
Anousheh Ansari 1966-09-12 Estados Unidos
Irão
Soyuz TMA-9 2006-09-18
Soyuz TMA-8 2006-03-30
Stephanie D. Wilson.jpg
Stephanie Wilson 1966-09-27 Estados Unidos STS-131 2010-04-05
STS-121 2006-07-04
STS-120 2007-10-23
Zhai Zhigang.JPG
Zhai Zhigang 1966-10-10 China Shenzhou 7 2008-09-25
Douglas Hurley.jpg
Douglas Hurley 1966-10-21 Estados Unidos STS-135 2011-07-08
STS-127 2009-07-15
Jing Haipeng.JPG
Jing Haipeng 1966-10-24 China Shenzhou 9 2012-06-16
Shenzhou 7 2008-09-25
Shenzhou 11 2016-10-16
Liu Boming.JPG
Liu Boming 1966-10-29 China Shenzhou 7 2008-09-25
Vande Hei Official Photo.jpg
Mark Vande Hei 1966-11-10 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-06 2017-09-12
Expedition 53 2017-09-02
Expedition 54 2017-12-14
Edward Michael Fincke.jpg
Michael Fincke 1967-03-14 Estados Unidos STS-134 2011-05-16
Soyuz TMA-4 2004-04-19
Soyuz TMA-13 2008-10-12
Expedition 9 2004-04-21
Expedition 18 2008-10-12
Joseph Acaba v2.jpg
Joseph Acaba 1967-05-17 Porto Rico
Estados Unidos
Soyuz TMA-04M 2012-05-15
STS-119 2009-03-15
Expedition 31 2012-04-27
Expedition 32 2012-07-01
Soyuz MS-06 2017-09-12
Expedition 53 2017-09-02
Expedition 54 2017-12-14
Shanekimbroughv2.jpg
Robert Kimbrough 1967-06-04 Estados Unidos STS-126 2008-11-15
Soyuz MS-02 2016-10-19
Expedition 50 2016-10-28
Expedition 49 2016-09-06
Antonelli.jpg
Dominic Antonelli 1967-08-23 Estados Unidos STS-132 2010-05-14
STS-119 2009-03-15
Randolph J. Bresnik.jpg
Randolph Bresnik 1967-09-11 Estados Unidos STS-129 2009-11-16
Soyuz MS-05 2017-07-28
Expedition 52 2017-06-02
Expedition 53 2017-09-02
Konstantin Kozeyev in the Zvezda Service Module.jpg
Konstantin Kozeyev 1967-12-01 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TM-32 2001-04-28
Soyuz TM-33 2001-10-21
Terry Virts.jpg
Terry Virts 1967-12-01 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-15M 2014-11-23
STS-130 2010-02-08
Expedition 43 2015-03-11
Expedition 42 2014-11-10
Garrettreismanv2.jpg
Garrett Reisman 1968-02-10 Estados Unidos STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-124 2008-05-31
STS-132 2010-05-14
Expedition 16 2007-10-10
Expedition 17 2008-04-08
James Dutton.jpg
James Dutton 1968-11-20 Estados Unidos STS-131 2010-04-05
Michael S. Hopkins.jpg
Michael Hopkins 1968-11-28 Estados Unidos Expedition 38 2013-11-10
Expedition 37 2013-09-10
Soyuz TMA-10M 2013-09-25
Akihoshide.jpg
Akihiko Hoshide 1968-12-28 Japão STS-124 2008-05-31
Soyuz TMA-05M 2012-07-15
Expedition 32 2012-07-01
Expedition 33 2012-09-16
Anatoli Ivanishin 2011.jpg
Anatoli Ivanishin 1969-01-15 Rússia Expedition 30 2011-11-21
Soyuz TMA-22 2011-11-14
Expedition 29 2011-09-16
Soyuz MS-01 2016-07-07
Expedition 48 2016-06-18
Expedition 49 2016-09-06
LIU Wang CUHK 2012.JPG
Liu Wang 1969-03-25 China Shenzhou 9 2012-06-16
Kondratyev.jpg
Dmitri Kondratyev 1969-05-25 Rússia Soyuz TMA-20 2010-12-15
Expedition 26 2010-11-26
Expedition 27 2011-03-16
Tracy E Caldwell portrait.jpg
Tracy Caldwell 1969-08-14 Estados Unidos Soyuz TMA-18 2010-04-02
STS-118 2007-08-08
Expedition 23 2010-03-17
Expedition 24 2010-06-01
Karen nyberg v2.jpg
Karen Nyberg 1969-10-07 Estados Unidos STS-124 2008-05-31
Expedition 37 2013-09-10
Expedition 36 2013-05-13
Soyuz TMA-09M 2013-05-28
Oleg Skripochka.jpg
Oleg Skripochka 1969-12-24 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TMA-01M 2010-10-07
Expedition 47 2016-03-02
Expedition 25 2010-09-25
Expedition 26 2010-11-26
Soyuz TMA-20M 2016-03-18
Expedition 48 2016-06-18
JohnCassidyv2.jpg
Christopher Cassidy 1970-01-04 Estados Unidos STS-127 2009-07-15
Expedition 36 2013-05-13
Expedition 35 2013-03-13
Soyuz TMA-08M 2013-03-28
David Saint-Jacques official portrait.jpg
David Saint-Jacques 1970-01-06 Canadá Expedition 57 2018-10-04
Soyuz MS-11 2018-12-03
Expedition 58 2018-12-20
Expedition 59 2019-03-15
Kimiya Yui NASA official portrait.jpg
Kimiya Yui 1970-01-30 Japão Expedition 44 2015-06-11
Expedition 45 2015-09-11
Soyuz TMA-17M 2015-07-22
Aleksandr Samokutyayev 2011.jpg
Aleksandr Samokutyayev 1970-03-13 Rússia Soyuz TMA-21 2011-04-04
Expedition 41 2014-09-10
Expedition 42 2014-11-10
Expedition 27 2011-03-16
Expedition 28 2011-05-23
Soyuz TMA-14M 2014-09-25
Matthias Maurer.jpg
Matthias Maurer 1970-03-18 Alemanha European Space Agency 1975-05-30
Robertbehnkenv2.jpg
Robert Behnken 1970-07-28 Estados Unidos STS-123 2008-03-11
STS-130 2010-02-08
Naoko Yamazaki.jpg
Naoko Yamazaki 1970-12-27 Japão STS-131 2010-04-05
Expedition 39 crew portrait2.jpg
Oleg Artemyev 1970-12-28 Letónia
Rússia
Soyuz TMA-12M 2014-03-25
Expedition 39 2014-03-10
Expedition 40 2014-05-13
Soyuz MS-08 2018-03-21
Expedition 55 2018-02-27
Expedition 56 2018-06-03
Roman Romanenko.jpg
Roman Romanenko 1971-08-09 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TMA-15 2009-05-27
Expedition 34 2012-11-18
Soyuz TMA-07M 2012-12-19
Expedition 35 2013-03-13
Expedition 20 2009-05-29
Expedition 21 2009-09-30
Meganmcarthurv2.jpg
Megan McArthur 1971-08-30 Estados Unidos STS-125 2009-05-11
Aleksey Ovchinin.jpg
Aleksei Ovchinin 1971-09-28 Rússia Soyuz TMA-20M 2016-03-18
Soyuz MS-10 2018-10-11
Expedition 47 2016-03-02
Expedition 48 2016-06-18
Soyuz MS-12 2019-03-14
Expedition 59 2019-03-15
Oleg Novitskiy.jpg
Oleg Novitskiy 1971-10-12 União Soviética
Rússia
Expedition 33 2012-09-16
Expedition 34 2012-11-18
Soyuz TMA-06M 2012-10-23
Soyuz MS-03 2016-11-17
Expedition 50 2016-10-28
Expedition 51 2017-04-10
Cosmonaut Anton shkaplerov.jpg
Anton Shkaplerov 1972-02-20 Rússia Soyuz TMA-15M 2014-11-23
Expedition 30 2011-11-21
Soyuz TMA-22 2011-11-14
Expedition 43 2015-03-11
Expedition 42 2014-11-10
Expedition 29 2011-09-16
Soyuz MS-07 2017-12-17
Expedition 54 2017-12-14
Expedition 55 2018-02-27
Timothy Peake, official portrait.jpg
Timothy Peake 1972-04-07 Reino Unido Expedition 46 2015-12-11
Expedition 47 2016-03-02
Soyuz TMA-19M 2015-12-15
Maxim Suraiev.jpeg
Maxim Surayev 1972-05-24 União Soviética
Rússia
Soyuz TMA-16 2009-09-30
Expedition 40 2014-05-13
Expedition 41 2014-09-10
Expedition 21 2009-09-30
Expedition 22 2009-11-30
Soyuz TMA-13M 2014-05-28
Muszaphar shukor.jpg
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor 1972-07-27 Malásia Soyuz TMA-11 2007-10-10
Soyuz TMA-10 2007-04-07
Aidyn Aimbetov.jpg
Aidyn Aimbetov 1972-07-27 Cazaquistão Soyuz TMA-16M 2015-03-27
Soyuz TMA-18M 2015-09-02
Astronaut Kjell Lindgren Official Photo.jpg
Kjell Lindgren 1973-01-23 Estados Unidos Expedition 44 2015-06-11
Expedition 45 2015-09-11
Soyuz TMA-17M 2015-07-22
Sergey volkov Soyuz TMA-02M.jpg
Sergei Volkov 1973-04-01 Rússia Soyuz TMA-12 2008-04-08
Soyuz TMA-02M 2011-06-07
Expedition 45 2015-09-11
Expedition 46 2015-12-11
Expedition 17 2008-04-08
Expedition 28 2011-05-23
Expedition 29 2011-09-16
Soyuz TMA-18M 2015-09-02
Mark Shuttleworth by Martin Schmitt.jpg
Mark Shuttleworth 1973-09-18 África do Sul
Reino Unido
Soyuz TM-34 2002-04-25
Soyuz TM-33 2001-10-21
Jack D. Fischer official portrait.jpg
Jack D. Fischer 1974-01-23 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-04 2017-04-20
Expedition 52 2017-06-02
Expedition 51 2017-04-10
Sergey Ryzhikov at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City.jpg
Sergei Ryzhikov 1974-08-19 Rússia Soyuz MS-02 2016-10-19
Expedition 50 2016-10-28
Expedition 49 2016-09-06
Sergey Ryazansky 2013.jpg
Sergei Ryazansky 1974-11-13 Rússia Expedition 38 2013-11-10
Expedition 37 2013-09-10
Soyuz TMA-10M 2013-09-25
Soyuz MS-05 2017-07-28
Expedition 52 2017-06-02
Expedition 53 2017-09-02
Evgeny Tarelkin.jpg
Evgeny Tarelkin 1974-12-29 Rússia Expedition 33 2012-09-16
Expedition 34 2012-11-18
Soyuz TMA-06M 2012-10-23
Sergey Prokopyev at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City.jpg
Sergey Prokopyev (cosmonauta) 1975-02-19 Rússia Soyuz MS-09 2018-06-06
Expedition 56 2018-06-03
Expedition 57 2018-10-04
Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger JSC2004-E-40090.jpg
Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger 1975-05-02 Estados Unidos STS-131 2010-04-05
Tyler N. Hague official portrait.jpg
Nick Hague 1975-09-24 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-10 2018-10-11
Soyuz MS-12 2019-03-14
Expedition 59 2019-03-15
Gregory Wiseman.jpg
Gregory R. Wiseman 1975-11-11 Estados Unidos Expedition 40 2014-05-13
Expedition 41 2014-09-10
Soyuz TMA-13M 2014-05-28
Takuya onishi jaxa.jpg
Takuya Onishi 1975-12-22 Japão Soyuz MS-01 2016-07-07
Expedition 48 2016-06-18
Expedition 49 2016-09-06
Astronaut Serena Aunon at Champions of Change (NHQ201509150025).jpg
Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor 1976-04-09 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-09 2018-06-06
Expedition 56 2018-06-03
Expedition 57 2018-10-04
Yelena Serova 2012.jpg
Yelena Serova 1976-04-22 Rússia Expedition 41 2014-09-10
Expedition 42 2014-11-10
Soyuz TMA-14M 2014-09-25
Alexander Gerst - Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory 1.jpg
Alexander Gerst 1976-05-03 Alemanha Expedition 40 2014-05-13
Expedition 41 2014-09-10
Soyuz TMA-13M 2014-05-28
Soyuz MS-09 2018-06-06
Expedition 56 2018-06-03
Expedition 57 2018-10-04
Luca Parmitano 2013.jpg
Luca Parmitano 1976-09-27 Itália Expedition 37 2013-09-10
Expedition 36 2013-05-13
Soyuz TMA-09M 2013-05-28
Andreas Mogensen 2010.jpg
Andreas Mogensen 1976-11-02 Dinamarca Soyuz TMA-16M 2015-03-27
Soyuz TMA-18M 2015-09-02
Norishige kanai jaxa.jpg
Norishige Kanai 1976-12-05 Japão Soyuz MS-07 2017-12-17
Expedition 54 2017-12-14
Expedition 55 2018-02-27
Samantha Cristoforetti portrait.jpg
Samantha Cristoforetti 1977-04-26 Itália Soyuz TMA-15M 2014-11-23
Expedition 43 2015-03-11
Expedition 42 2014-11-10
Aleksandr Misurkin.jpg
Aleksandr Misurkin 1977-09-23 Rússia Expedition 36 2013-05-13
Expedition 35 2013-03-13
Soyuz TMA-08M 2013-03-28
Soyuz MS-06 2017-09-12
Expedition 53 2017-09-02
Expedition 54 2017-12-14
ESA-Astronaut Thomas Pesquet.jpg
Thomas Pesquet 1978-02-27 França Soyuz MS-03 2016-11-17
Expedition 50 2016-10-28
Expedition 51 2017-04-10
Yi So-yeon (NASA - JSC2008-E-004174).jpg
Yi So-yeon 1978-06-02 Coreia do Sul Soyuz TMA-11 2007-10-10
Soyuz TMA-12 2008-04-08
LIU Yang CUHK 2012.JPG
Liu Yang 1978-10-06 China Shenzhou 9 2012-06-16
Kathleen Rubins portrait.jpg
Kathleen Rubins 1978-10-14 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-01 2016-07-07
Expedition 48 2016-06-18
Expedition 49 2016-09-06
Christina M. Hammock portrait.jpg
Christina Hammock 1979-01-29 Estados Unidos Soyuz MS-12 2019-03-14
Expedition 59 2019-03-15
NASA Candidate Anne C McClain.jpg
Anne McClain 1979-06-07 Estados Unidos Expedition 57 2018-10-04
Soyuz MS-11 2018-12-03
Expedition 58 2018-12-20
Expedition 59 2019-03-15
Wang Yaping.jpg
Wang Yaping 1980-01-27 China Shenzhou 10 2013-06-11 ref
Fim da lista gerada automaticamente.

Referências

  1. International Space Hall of Fame, publicado pelo The New Mexico Museum of Space History.
  2. Johnsen, Frederick A. (23 de agosto de 2005). NASA, ed. «X-15 Space Pioneers Now Honored as Astronauts». Consultado em 26 de fevereiro de 2019 
  3. de Córdoba, Sanz Fernández. «100km Altitude Boundary for Astronautics». Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. Consultado em 26 de fevereiro de 2019. Arquivado do original em 22 de agosto de 2011